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    FC Steaua Bucureti

    This article is about the football club. For the sportsclub, seeCSA Steaua Bucureti.

    Fotbal Club Steaua Bucureti(Romanian pronunciation:[steawa bukuret]) is aRomanianprofessionalfootballclubbased inBucharest. They currently compete inLigaI, the division in which they have spent their entire his-tory. Domestically, Steaua have wonLiga I26 times,Cupa Romniei22 times,Supercupa Romniei6 timesandCupa Ligiione time all competition records. In

    UEFAcompetitions they have won theEuropean CupandEuropean Super Cup, both in 1986. They have alsoreached theEuropean Cupfinal in 1989, the final of theIntercontinental Cup, quarter-finals of theEuropean CupWinners Cupand the semi-finals of theUEFA Cup.

    The club is historically known as theRomanian Armysports club, though the football department separated in1998.

    Steaua currently play their home games atArena Naion-al, having moved there from their former home,the Ministry of National Defence-owned, Stadionul

    Ghencea. Initially, the club played in the colours of theRomanian tricolour blue, yellow and red but yellowsoon lost its importance, and the team became associatedwith the red and blue colours. Since 2008 away kits havebegun to reintegrate the yellow colour. Except 201213when the away kit was blue. The club has a long-standingrivalry withDinamo Bucureti, matches between the twobeing commonly referred to as "The Eternal Derby" or"The Romanian Derby".

    1 History

    Main article:History of FC Steaua Bucureti

    Steauawas founded on 7 June 1947, at the initiative ofseveral officers of the Romanian Royal House and withfull support from the communist government. The estab-lishment took place following a decree signed by GeneralMihail Lascr, High Commander of theRomanian RoyalArmy. The clubs first name wasASA Bucureti(Asoci-aia Sportiv a Armatei BucuretiArmy Sports Associa-tion). It was formed as asports societywith seven initialsections, including football, coached byColoman Braun-

    Bogdan.[1] ASA was renamed CSCA (Clubul SportivCentral al Armatei Central Sports Club of the Army) in1948 and CCA (Casa Central a Armatei Central House

    of the Army) in 1950.[1]

    In 1949, CSCA won its first trophy, theRomanian Cup,defeatingCSU Cluj21 in the final. Under the nameofCCA, the club managed to win threeChampionshiptitles in a row in 1951, 1952 and 1953, along withtheir first Championship-Cup Double in 1951. Dur-ing the 1950s, the so-called CCA Golden Team be-came nationally famous.[2] In 1956, thenational teamof Romania, composed exclusively of CCA players,took on Yugoslavia in Belgrade and won 10. Dur-

    ing the same year, CCA, coached byIlie Savu, was thefirst Romanian team to enterprise a tournament in Eng-land where they achieved noteworthy results against thelikes ofLuton Town,Arsenal,Sheffield WednesdayandWolverhampton Wanderers.[3]

    At the end of 1961CCAchanged its name once again toCSA Steaua Bucureti (Clubul Sportiv al Armatei SteauaArmy Sports Club Steaua). The clubs new name trans-lates The Starand was adopted because of thepresence ofared star, symbol of most East-European Army clubs, ontheir crest. A poor period of almost twodecades followedin which the club claimed only three championships

    (196768,197576,197778). Instead, the team wonnine national cup trophies, for which matter they gainedthe nickname of cup specialists.[4] Also during this pe-riod, on 9 April 1974, Steauas current ground,StadionulGhencea, was inaugurated with a friendly matchopposingOFK Beograd.[5]

    Steaua team with the European Cup in 1986.

    1

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OFK_Beogradhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1977-78https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1975-76https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1967-68https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_starhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSA_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolverhampton_Wanderers_F.C.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheffield_Wednesday_F.C.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenal_F.C.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luton_Town_F.C.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilie_Savuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1953https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1952https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1951https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U_Clujhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coloman_Braun-Bogdanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coloman_Braun-Bogdanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_societyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mihail_Lasc%C4%83rhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eternal_derby_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Romaniahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Defense_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arena_Na%C8%9Bional%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arena_Na%C8%9Bional%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Cup_Winners%2527_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Cup_Winners%2527_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intercontinental_Cup_(football)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFAhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Ligiihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bucharesthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_footballhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romaniahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_Romanianhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSA_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti
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    2 1 HISTORY

    Steaua team in 1989.

    Gheorghe Hagi

    DuckadamBelodediciBumbescuIovan (C)BrbulescuBlan

    BlniBalintMajearuLctuPiurc1986 European Cup Finalstarting lineup.

    LungUngureanuBumbescuPetrescuStoica (C)MineaRotariuIovanHagiLctu

    Piurc1989 European Cup Finalstarting lineup.

    Under the leadership of coaches Emerich Jenei andAnghel Iordnescu, Steaua had an impressive Champi-onship run in the198485season, which they won aftera six-year break. Subsequently, they were the first Ro-manian team to make it to a European Cup final, whichthey won in front ofBarcelonaonpenalties(20 thanksto goalkeeper Helmuth Duckadam succeeding to saveall four penalties taken by the Spaniards), after a goal-less draw. Steaua therefore became the first Eastern-

    European team to claim the title of European champions.An additionalEuropean Super Cupwas won in 1987 infront ofDynamo Kyiv. Steaua remained at the top of Eu-

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dynamo_Kyivhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmuth_Duckadamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penalty_shootout_(football)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Barcelonahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1984-85https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anghel_Iord%C4%83nescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emerich_Jeneihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_European_Cup_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Pi%C8%9Burc%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marius_L%C4%83c%C4%83tu%C8%99https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Hagihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C8%98tefan_Iovanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iosif_Rotariuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Mineahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tudorel_Stoicahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Petrescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_Bumbescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolae_Ungureanuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silviu_Lunghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_European_Cup_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Pi%C8%9Burc%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marius_L%C4%83c%C4%83tu%C8%99https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mihail_Majearuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gavril_Balinthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%A1szl%C3%B3_B%C3%B6l%C3%B6nihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucian_B%C4%83lanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ilie_B%C4%83rbulescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C8%98tefan_Iovanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_Bumbescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miodrag_Belodedicihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmuth_Duckadamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Hagi
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    ropean football for the rest of the decade, managing onemore European Cup semifinal in198788and one moreEuropeanCupfinalin 1989 (lost40to Milan). This hap-pened next to their four additional national titles (198586, 198687, 198788, 198889) and four national cups(198485,198687,198788,198889). Furthermore,

    from June 1986 to September 1989, Steaua ran a record104-match undefeated streak in the championship, set-ting a world record for that time and a European one stillstanding.[6]

    TheRomanian Revolutionled the country towards a freeopen market and, subsequently, several players of the1980s team left for other clubs in the West. After ashort pull-back, a quick recovery followed and Steauamanaged a six consecutive championship streak between199293 and 199798 to equalise the 1920sperformanceofChinezul Timioara[7] and also three more cups in199596, 199697 and 199899. At international level,

    they also managed to make it to the UEFA ChampionsLeaguegroup stage three years in a row between199495and 199697. In 1998, the football club separatedfromCSA Steauaand changed their name for the finaltimeto FC Steaua Bucureti (Fotbal Club Steaua Foot-ball Club Steaua),[8] being led by Romanian businessmanViorel Punescu. Punescu performed poorly as a presi-dent and soon the club was plunged into debt. [9] GeorgeBecali, another businessman, was offered the position ofvice-president, in hope that he would invest money in theclub. Becali eventually purchased the majority share in2002 and turned the governing company public in Jan-

    uary 2003.[10]

    Because of his controversial character, he has been con-tested by the majority of Steaua fans.[11] The team qual-ified for theUEFA Cupgroup stage in the200405sea-son and further on became the first Romanian team tomake it to the European football spring since1993(alsoSteauas performance). The next season, they reachedthe UEFA Cup semi-finals in200506, where they wereeliminated byMiddlesbroughthanks to a last minute goaland thereafter qualified for the followingUEFA Champi-ons Leagueseasons after a ten-year break. In the 200708seasonSteauahavequalifiedagaininthegroupstageof

    UEFA Champions League. Nationally, they gained twotitles in200405and200506and theRomanian SuperCupin 2006, the latter being the clubs 50th trophy in its59-year history.[12]

    In 2013, Steaua won its 24th national title, also reach-ing theUEFA Champions Leaguegroup stage. They re-peated the same performance next year, in 2014, winningthe 25th championship.

    TheMinistry of National Defensetook Steaua to court in2014, claiming that the Romanian Armywere the rightfulowners of the logo of Steaua Bucharest.[13] TheSupremeCourtfound in the armys favour, and on 3 December

    2014 stripped the football club of its badge. [13] Steauawere forced to play their next home game, againstCSM

    Studenesc Iai, without it on the stadium scoreboard.[13]

    The club unveiled a new badge in January 2015, an eight-sided star containing the letters FCSB,[14] and issued astatement to the effect that they had reached an agree-ment with the Ministry of National Defense that wouldallow them to retain the name Steaua Bucureti and the

    colours.[15]

    2 Crest and colours

    ASA Bucureti was founded bythe Royal Army on 7 June1947,[1] at which date the club had no official crest. Dur-ing their first season, 194748, Steaua wore yellow andred striped shirts with blue shorts, to symbolize Roma-nias tricolour flag.[16] Starting with the following seasonand with the Armys change of identity from the RoyalArmy to the Peoples Army, the yellow was gradually

    given up, so that the official colours remained, up to thisday, the red and the blue.

    As communists assumed total control of the country on30 December 1947,[17] the Royal Army was transformedinto the Peoples Army and ASA automatically with it.Being inspired by theRed Army, the new Ministry ofDefence decided to create a crest for the club, along withthe change of name to CSCA, consisting in an A-labeledred star(symbol of the Red Army) on a blue disc.

    Two years later, the change of name to CCA brought withit a new crest consisting of the same red star labeled CCA

    surrounded by a crown of laurel. The all-present star mo-tif on the crest finally had its saying over the new nameofSteauaas up 1961. It was opted for a badge which, re-designed, remains up to this day theclubs symbol: the redandblue striped background with a golden star in themid-dle, to symbolize to Romanian tricolour flag. The shapefor the emblem was redesigned in 1974, once the teammoved toStadionul Ghencea.

    Following theRomanian Revolution, the Army decidedto break all links to the defunct communist regime, so, in1991,CSA Steaua had a last change of crest with an eaglealso present on theMinistry of Defencecoat of arms and

    also on Romanias. As FC Steaua appeared in 1998, theclub added two yellow stars on top of the CSA Steauabadge signifying its 20 titles of champions won, alongwith theFotbal Clubspecification.

    2003 was the year of the last change of crest, decided bythe new Board of Administration run byGeorge Becali,which was a return to the old emblem of 19741991, re-designed with the two yellow stars on top.

    Steaua has never had a standard playing kit. However, themost widely used throughout time was the combinationof red shirts, blue shorts and red socks. Other variantshave been all-red, all-blue and also shirts in vertical red

    and blue stripes during the 1960s and 1970s. Other kitcolours have very rarely been used. Exceptions were the1986 European Cup Finalin which Steaua wore, for the

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_European_Cup_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Defense_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSA_Steauahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Revolutionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_starhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSM_Studen%C8%9Besc_Ia%C8%99ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSM_Studen%C8%9Besc_Ia%C8%99ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Romaniahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Romaniahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_National_Defense_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_2005-06https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_2004-05https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middlesbrough_FChttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cup_2005-06https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cup_Winners%2527_Cup_1992-93https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cup_2004-05https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League_1996-97https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League_1994-95https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League_1994-95https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinezul_Timi%C8%99oarahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1997-98https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1992-93https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Revolutionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1988-89https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1987-88https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1986-87https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divizia_A_1985-86https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_Milanhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_European_Cup_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Cup_1987-88
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    4 5 SUPPORT

    only time in their history, an all-white kit, the 199900away kit (yellow and red), the 200506 third kit (yellowand black)and the 200809 away kit (all yellow).

    2.1 Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

    Steauas kit is currently manufactured byNike, who haveheld the contract since 2002, after a long partnership withAdidas.[18] First team shirt sponsors have been City Insur-ance since 2013.[19] Previous sponsors includeFord,[20]

    Castrol,Philips,CBS, Bancorex (initially BRCE), Dialog(currentlyOrange),BCR, RAFO, andCitiFinancial.[21]

    3 Rankings

    4 Stadium

    Main article:Arena NaionalSteaua played its three first matches in history at the de-

    An elevated view of a full Arena Naional

    funct Venusstadium. Opened in 1931, the venue hadpreviously been in the property of Venus Bucureti, aclub disbanded in 1949.[24] After the grounds demoli-

    tion through order of the Communist regime, Steaua hadplayed its home matches on either three of Bucharestslargest multi-use stadia, ANEF,Republicii(built in 1926andputdownin1984tomakeroomfortheerectionoftheCasa Poporului) and23 August(built in 1953). Of thesetwo, 23 August (currentNaional) was mostly used whentwo matches between Bucharest clubs were scheduled inthe same matchday or for important European matches,while Republicii for regular matches inside the champi-onship.

    Steaua plays its home matches at theStadionul Ghencea,afootball stadiumsituated in South-Western Bucharest.

    Part ofComplexul Sportiv Steaua, it was inaugurated on 9April 1974 when Steaua played a friendly match againstOFK Beograd,[25] at which time it was the first football-

    only stadium ever built in Communist Romania, with notrack and field facilities.

    The original capacity was 30,000 on benches. A gen-eral renovation occurred in 1991. This included installingseats, which dropped the capacity to 28,365,[26] inaugu-

    rating a floodlighting system and erecting a VIP personalbox section.

    After a second renovation, in 2006, which included re-furbishing the turf, Ghencea[27] was able to hostUEFAChampions Leagueevents, being a third category arenaaccording to theUEFA classification system.[28] Lately,there have been talks for increasing the capacity to either45,000 or 60,000.[29]

    Romaniawas also a tenant. The first game played bythe national team at Ghencea was in March 1977 againstTurkey. 59 other games have been played ever since, thelast one occurring in October 2006 againstBelarus.[30]

    Also, several matches from the1998 UEFA EuropeanUnder-21 Football Championship, including the final,have been hosted by the arena.

    The stadium, built through order of theMinistry of Na-tional Defenceinside a former military base and was longused byCSA Steaua.

    From 2011, Steaua have played the European gamesand its most important internal games on the newly con-structedArena Naional. From March 2015, only atArena Naional.

    5 Support

    See also:Steaua fans.

    Peluza Nord-Choreography (2011)

    Steaua has the largest number of supporters of any teamin Romania. A survey conducted in June 2007 sug-

    gested that the club accounts for approximately 42% ofall Romanian football lovers, far greater than the teamsranked second and third,Dinamo Bucureti, with 12%,

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steaua_fanshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arena_Na%C8%9Bional%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arena_Na%C8%9Bional%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSA_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Defense_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Defense_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_UEFA_European_Under-21_Football_Championshiphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_UEFA_European_Under-21_Football_Championshiphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belarus_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Stadia_Listhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OFK_Beogradhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadiumhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_(soccer)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Na%C8%9Bional_(1953)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palace_of_the_Parliamenthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Republiciihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Venushttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arena_Na%C8%9Bional%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citigrouphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banca_Comercial%C4%83_Rom%C3%A2n%C4%83https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_SAhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CBShttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philipshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castrolhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fordhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adidashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nike,_Inc.
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    Peluza Nord in 2008

    andRapid Bucureti, with 9%.[31] The largest concentra-

    tion of fans are inBucharest, notably in areas adjacent tothe arena, covering the whole southern half of Bucharest,a city geographically divided by theDmbovia River.[32]

    Also, the club has an important fan base inside the coun-try, where several towns are renowned for counting vastmajorities of Steaua supporters, and outside the borders,among Romanian emigrants.

    The SteauaUltrasmovement began in 1995, when thebases of Armata Ultra (AU), the first Ultras groupfrom Bucharest (and second in Romania afterPolitehnicaTimioara'sCommando Viola Ultra Curva Sud),[33] wereset. The group quickly reached an impressive number

    of members, but, in 2001, they dissolved due to inter-nal problems. Currently Steauas supporters are dividedinto several groups, some of them being located at thePeluza Nord(North End) (Titan Boys, Nucleo, Insur-genii 1998, Skins 1996, Combat, Armata 47 Vest), whilesome other ones taking their place at the Peluza Sud(South End) (Vacarm, Glas, E.R.A., Hunters, Outlaws,Shadows, Roosters, T.K., Tinerii Sudisti). Several im-portant groups such as Stil Ostil, Ultras, Banda Ultra' andSouth Boys retired from attending Steauas matches dueto the clubs constant abuses towards them and, mainly,to the current ownership of Steaua.[34]

    More recently, as of 2006, the supporters have formedtheir own official association, called AISS(Asociaia In-dependent a Suporterilor StelitiSteaua Supporters In-dependent Association). AISS was formed as a legalentitywith its stated goals ofprotecting the interests and imageof Steaua supporters, as well asidentifying and promotingthe clubs perennial values.[35]

    A heavy debated topic about the fans is the one re-lated toracism. Stemmed from their rivalry withRapidBucureti, whose fans are often envisioned as Romaniethnics,[36] the issue degenerated on certain situations inseveral incidents between factions of supporters of Steaua

    and Rapid.[37] Also, theUEFA Champions League 200506 qualifying match againstShelbourne,resultedinaone-matchday pitch suspension for Steaua during the same

    European season, after racial chants were heard from thecrowd.[38]

    Lately, crowd turbulence has been one of the clubs mainproblems. During the last three seasons, 11Liga Imatch-day suspensions and one in theUEFA Cuphave been dic-

    tated against the Ghencea-based club out of reasons suchas crowd trouble, racial chants or torch lighting.

    In 2009, UEFA ordered Steaua to play two home gamesof the Europa Leaguebehind closed doorsdue to theirfans displaying racist banners in a second qualifyinground match against Hungarianside jpest.[39] Three fur-ther incidents occurred in the 201415 season, with theclub fined and ordered to play further games in an emptystadium after displays of racist banners in games againstDynamo Kyiv, Ludogorets Razgrad and Strmsgodset.[40]

    6 Club rivalries

    Main article:Eternal derby (Romania)Steauas most important rivalry is the one against Dinamo

    Eternal Derby Scene

    Bucureti. Marele Derby (The Great Derby) has beenthe leading Romanian football encounter in the last 60years, as Steaua and Dinamo are the two most successfulfootball teams in the country. There have been a total of156 matches played so far between Steaua and Dinamo,in Romanian League, Romanian Cup and also RomanianSuper Cup, with the following results: Steaua 55 wins,Dinamo54winsand47draws.[41] With43titleswonalto-gether (Steaua25; Dinamo18), the two clubs have won16 of the last 23 seasons.[42] It is also a match betweenthe former clubs of theRomanian Army(Steaua) and theMinistry of Internal Affairs (Dinamo). Several clashesbetween different factions of supporters have often oc-curred and still occur inside and outside the stadium. Theheyday was reached before a match kick-off in 1997,when Dinamos fans set a sector ofStadionul Ghencea'sPeluza Sud, where they were assigned, on fire.[43] Be-tween October 1991 and April 2000, Steaua counted 19undefeated official matches in front of their rivals, both

    in the championship and the cup. Just as well, a periodof 17 years and 7 months has been recorded in which Di-namo did not manage to win away against Steaua in the

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Ghenceahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Interior_and_Administrative_Reform_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eternal_derby_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eternal_derby_(Romania)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Str%C3%B8msgodset_Toppfotballhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludogorets_Razgradhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamo_Kyivhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%9Ajpest_FChttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behind_closed_doors_(football)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shelbourne_FChttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League_2005-06https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_League_2005-06https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romani_peoplehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Rapid_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Rapid_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racismhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Timi%C8%99oarahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Timi%C8%99oarahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultrashttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A2mbovi%C8%9Ba_Riverhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bucharesthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Rapid_Bucure%C8%99ti
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    6 9 STATISTICS AND RECORDS

    domestic league.[44]

    The second most important rivalry is the one withRapidBucureti. Several matches in the last years betweenSteaua and Rapid have also ended in serious clashes be-tween fans.[37] Rivalry has become even fiercer since

    Steaua outpassed Rapid in an all-Romanian quarter fi-nal of theUEFA Cup 200506season. The local sportsnewspapers said that the 2 teams were linked up in thisquarter final bythe line of the number 41 tram which linkstheGhencea Stadiumto theValentin Stnescu Stadium.

    Milder and historical rivalries are also with non-Bucharest teams such as Universitatea Craiova,Politehnica Timioara, Petrolul Ploieti, CFR Cluj,UniversitateaCluj andarecentonewithAstraGiurgiu.[45]

    7 Ownership

    Steaua has always been known as the club of theRomanian Army, who founded it in 1947 as asports so-ciety.[1] The Army continues to own the society, calledCSA Steaua Bucuretiat the moment.

    The football department however, in order to complywithUEFArules, separated and turned private in 1998,owned and financed by a non-profit organization calledAFC Steaua Bucureti, chaired by businessman ViorelPunescu.[46]

    In January 2003, the club turned public, under the leader-

    ship of investor and current politician George Becali,whohad already purchased 51% of the societys shares andlater on acquired the rest to become owner of the club.At present Becali has no official link to the club, as hegradually renounced his shares. However, the facts thatthe current shareholders, that include several nephews ofhis,[47] are people loyal to him and that he is still in chargeof Steaua are obvious.[48] An unofficial explanation forthis situation is represented by the heavy amount of un-paid taxes added up by the former governing company,AFC Steaua Bucureti, whose payment towards the taxauthority was avoided this way by transferring its assetsto the new-formed company, with the old association go-ing on liquidation bankruptcy.[49]

    George Becaliis currently a highly controversial person,whose involvement in the life of the club and the teamhas often been described as authoritarian and dictatorialby both the media and the fans.[50]

    8 Steaua in popular culture

    As Steaua is currently the most popular football team inRomania,[31] a good number of musicians or TV and film

    directors have inspired themselves from ideas linked tothe Ghencea-based club. Popular reference, however, ap-peared only after theRomanian Revolution, as before,

    mass-media programmes were mostly being controlledby the former communist regime. The 2002 Romanianfilm Furiadepicts scenes in which Steaua andDinamogangs of supporters are fighting on the streets after a di-rect match between the two sides.[51] Prima TVcom-edy showMondeniioften airs sketches parodying Steaua

    ownerGeorge Becali, the players and other representa-tives around the club.[52] Pro TVseriesLa blocaired anepisode in which characters Nelu and Costel are displayedas representing Steaua in a parking lot match against twoother neighbours representing Dinamo.

    Several other examples from music can be attributed asSteaua-related. Apart from club anthems played through-out time byMarcel Pavel,Bere Gratis,Gaz pe Foc, an al-bumwasreleasedin2006asacompilationby Mircea Vin-til,Chicanos,Bogdan Dimaand several other artists.[53]

    Deliktand Ultrasare two formerhip hopbands whosemembers ranked the defunct Armata Ultra' brigade and

    would always show up displaying fan materials. Also,Voltaj, in their song 'MSD2', make reference to the fansin the linePoi s fii cine sau poi fi stelist(You can be adog[54] or you can be a Steaua fan).[55]

    One of the most famous pop-culture references about theclub is the association with Scooter's song Maria, firstsung spontaneously in 2003 by the fans in Peluza Nord af-ter the team would score. Ever since, it has been adoptedas an unofficial club anthem and is being played at thestadium at every match, sung together by the support-ers. Nonetheless, the song is beginning to lose popularity,mainly because it has become too commercial and many

    fans do not feel bonded with it any more.[56]

    9 Statistics and records

    See also:FC Steaua Bucureti statistics

    Steaua currently boasts itself with the most impressivepedigree in Romania. With 62 seasons spent inLiga I,they are one of only two teams to have played only inthe first national league, along with Dinamo Bucureti

    (61 seasons). At the same time, the club is the currentrecord holder for the number of national championships(26),national cups(22),national super cups(6) and thenational league cup(1). Between 1993 and 1998, theirrun of six consecutive national titles won equaled the oneofChinezul Timioarafrom the 1920s. Internationally,they are the only Romanian club to have won continentaltrophies (theEuropean Champions Cupin 1986 and theEuropean Super Cupin 1986) and to have played in thefinal of the European Cup (in1986and1989).

    For three years and three months (June 1986 Septem-ber 1989), Steaua counted a number of 104 unbeaten

    matches in the league, establishing, at that moment, aworld record and a European one still standing.[57] Alsoinside the national league, they counted 112 matches be-

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Cup_1988-89https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Cup_1985-86https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinezul_Timi%C8%99oarahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Ligiihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti_statisticshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scooter_(band)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hip_hophttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_Pavelhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pro_TVhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigi_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prima_TVhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Dinamo_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Revolutionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigi_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gigi_Becalihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFAhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSA_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_societyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sports_societyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Armyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Astra_Giurgiuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Universitatea_Clujhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CFR_Clujhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Petrolul_Ploie%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Politehnica_Timi%C8%99oarahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Universitatea_Craiovahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Giule%C8%99ti-Valentin_St%C4%83nescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghencea_Stadiumhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Cup_2005-06https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Rapid_Bucure%C8%99tihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Rapid_Bucure%C8%99ti
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    10.2 European 7

    tween November 1989 and August 1996 of invincibilityatStadionul Ghenceain Liga I. Their run of 17 straightwins in 1988 is another record, equal to the one held byDinamo as of one year later.[58]

    Tudorel Stoicais the player with the most appearances

    for Steaua in Liga I, a record unlikely to be broken inthe nearby future, as none of the current players have en-tered the top 10 so far. The clubs all-time top scorer inthe league isAnghel Iordnescuwith 146 goals, a recordthat also looks solid, out of the same reason as above-mentioned. Other records are currently owned by formerplayers such asDorinel Munteanu(most nationalcaps134) orGheorghe Hagi(most goals scored forRomania 35; most appearances of a Romanian player in the Eu-ropean cups 93).[59]

    10 European record

    Main article:FC Steaua Bucureti in European football

    10.1 Domestic

    10.1.1 League

    Liga I / Divizia A

    Winners (26) Record: 1951,1952,1953,

    1956, 195960, 196061, 196768, 197576, 197778, 198485, 198586, 198687, 198788, 198889, 199293, 199394, 199495, 199596, 199697, 199798, 200001, 200405, 200506, 201213,201314,201415

    Runners-up (14): 1954, 195758, 196263, 197677, 197980, 198384, 198990, 199091, 199192, 200203, 200304,200607,200708,201516

    10.1.2 Cups

    Cupa Romniei

    Winners (22) Record: 194849, 1950,1951,1952,1955,196162,196566,196667, 196869, 196970, 197071, 197576, 197879, 198485, 198687, 198788,[60] 198889, 199192, 199596, 199697,199899,201011,201415

    Runners-up (8): 1953, 196364, 197677, 197980, 198384, 198586, 198990,

    201314

    Cupa Ligii

    Winners (1) Record: 201415

    Supercupa Romniei

    Winners (6) Record: 1994, 1995, 1998,2001,2006,2013

    Runners-up (5): 1999, 2005, 2011, 2014,2015

    10.2 European

    UEFA Champions League / European Cup

    Winners (1):198586

    Runners-up (1):198889

    UEFA Super Cup / European Super Cup

    Winners (1):1986

    10.3 Worldwide

    Intercontinental Cup

    Runners-up (1):1986

    11 Players

    11.1 First-team squad

    As of 25 June 2016.[61][62]

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underFIFA eligi-bility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nation-ality.

    11.2 Out on loan

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underFIFA eligi-bility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nation-ality.

    11.3 Out of team

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined underFIFA eligi-bility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nation-ality.

    11.4 Transfers

    Main article:201617 FC Steaua Bucureti season

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2016%E2%80%9317_FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti_season#Transfershttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIFA_eligibility_ruleshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_Intercontinental_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intercontinental_Cup_(football)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_European_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Super_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988%E2%80%9389_European_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985%E2%80%9386_European_Cuphttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFA_Champions_Leaguehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994_Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supercupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014%E2%80%9315_Cupa_Ligiihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Ligiihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013%E2%80%9314_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989%E2%80%9390_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985%E2%80%9386_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983%E2%80%9384_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1979%E2%80%9380_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976%E2%80%9377_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976%E2%80%9377_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1963%E2%80%9364_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014%E2%80%9315_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010%E2%80%9311_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2niei_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2niei_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2niei_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1996_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2niei_Finalhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991%E2%80%9392_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988%E2%80%9389_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987%E2%80%9388_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987%E2%80%9388_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9387_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984%E2%80%9385_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978%E2%80%9379_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975%E2%80%9376_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975%E2%80%9376_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970%E2%80%9371_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1969%E2%80%9370_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968%E2%80%9369_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1966%E2%80%9367_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1966%E2%80%9367_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1965%E2%80%9366_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1961%E2%80%9362_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1955_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1952_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1951_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1948%E2%80%9349_Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupa_Rom%C3%A2nieihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015-16_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007%E2%80%9308_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006%E2%80%9307_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003%E2%80%9304_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002%E2%80%9303_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991%E2%80%9392_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990%E2%80%9391_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989%E2%80%9390_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989%E2%80%9390_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983%E2%80%9384_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1979%E2%80%9380_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976%E2%80%9377_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1962%E2%80%9363_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1962%E2%80%9363_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1957%E2%80%9358_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014%E2%80%9315_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013%E2%80%9314_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012%E2%80%9313_Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005%E2%80%9306_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004%E2%80%9305_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000%E2%80%9301_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997%E2%80%9398_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997%E2%80%9398_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1996%E2%80%9397_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995%E2%80%9396_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994%E2%80%9395_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993%E2%80%9394_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1993%E2%80%9394_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1992%E2%80%9393_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988%E2%80%9389_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987%E2%80%9388_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9387_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986%E2%80%9387_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985%E2%80%9386_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984%E2%80%9385_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1977%E2%80%9378_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975%E2%80%9376_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1975%E2%80%9376_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1967%E2%80%9368_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960%E2%80%9361_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1959%E2%80%9360_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1956_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1952_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1951_Divizia_Ahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liga_Ihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti_in_European_footballhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania_national_football_teamhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gheorghe_Hagihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cap_(football)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorinel_Munteanuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anghel_Iord%C4%83nescuhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tudorel_Stoicahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stadionul_Steaua
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    8 14 REFERENCES

    12 Club officials

    12.1 Board of directors

    12.2 Current technical staff

    As of 21 June 2016.[63]

    12.3 Notable players throughout history

    For a list of the clubs most important players throughouttime, seeList of FC Steaua Bucureti players.

    13 Notable managers

    Main article:List of FC Steaua Bucureti managers

    The following managers have all won at least one majortrophy with Steaua Bucureti:[66]

    Table correct as of 30 May 2015

    Notes:

    ^1Caretaker coach.

    14 References

    [1] Dida, Alexandru (21122001), Steaua fotbalului rom-nesc, Pro TV Magazin, nr.51/IV, pp.6263

    [2] Brancu, Constantin (1994),Din culisele supercampioanei,Tempus, p.58,ISBN 973-95993-1-1

    [3] Steaua Anglican". FCSteaua.ro.

    [4] Cupa Romaniei: STEAUA Otelul Galati. FC-Steaua.ro.

    [5] Ghencea Stadion. StadiumGuide.com http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7906/12437922/5/faza-meci.jpg?height=413&width=550.External link in |work= (help)

    [6] Unbeaten in the Domestic League. RSSSF.com.Retrieved 2015-06-04 http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7946/10595173/1/1supercupa-principal.jpg?width=815. Check date valuesin: |access-date= (help)

    [7] Romania List of Champions. RSSSF.com. Retrieved2007-07-07.

    [8] Besutiu, Andrei. Politica mineaza sportul romnesc.Ziua. Retrieved 2007-06-10.

    [9] Petrache, Bogdan; Predan, Cristian. Conducatorii vorplati cu averea datoriile cluburilor. 9am.ro. Retrieved2007-07-07.

    [10] Planurile lui Becali. Evenimentul. Retrieved 2007-06-11.

    [11] Necula, Simona. Suporterii echipei Steaua au protestatimpotriva patronului clubului. Realitatea Romneasc.Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [12] Steauaacucerital50-leatrofeudinistoriaclubului.Hot-News.ro. Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [13] Rosu, Emmanuel (27 December 2014).Where the teamhas no name: the fight over Steaua Bucharests identity.The Guardian. Retrieved 8 January 2015.

    [14] Steaua Bucharest reveal 'Clip Art' logo after beingstripped of their name, colours and emblem. Eurosport.Yahoo!. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015.

    [15] Krasimirov, Angel (16 January 2015). UPDATE 1-Soccer-Dinamo fan Tamas joins bitter city rivals Steaua.Reuters: UK edition. Reuters. Retrieved 23 January 2015.

    [16] Zbuciumata infiintare a Stelei.

    [17] Mircea Ionnitiu (2003-10-22).Mircea Ionnitiu : 30 de-cembrie 1947"". Kent State University. Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [18] Steaua renunta la Adidas pentru Nike.adevarul.ro. Re-trieved 2007-08-12.

    [19] Steaua are din nou un sponsor pe tricou. Cine este i ci

    bani primesc ro-albatrii(in Romanian). Dolce Sport.27 September 2013.

    [20] Steaua ca brand.iaa.ro. Retrieved 2007-08-12.

    [21] Flintoaca, Diana (2004-09-18). CU CITIFINANCIALPE TRICOURI. ProSport. Archived fromthe originalon 2007-09-21. Retrieved 2007-09-18.

    [22] Club World Ranking. IFFHS.de. 2015-01-13. Re-trieved 2015-01-13.

    [23] http://www.uefa.com/memberassociations/uefarankings/club/index.html

    [24] Venus Bucureti. romaniansoccer.ro. Retrieved 2007-08-27.

    [25] Ghencea Stadion. StadiumGuide.com. Retrieved 2007-06-10.

    [26] UEFA Stadium Guide. uefa.com. Retrieved 2007-07-17.

    [27] Dinamo trebuie sa revina pe Stadionul National inUEFA. onlinesport.ro. Retrieved 2007-09-04.

    [28] Dinamo nu vrea in Ghencea.9AM. Retrieved 2014-07-30.

    [29] Stan, Sebastian. 60.000 de locuri?". prosport.ro.Archived fromthe original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved2007-06-11.

    http://www.prosport.ro/index.php?section=articole&screen=index&id=24914&pagina=0http://web.archive.org/web/20070928031708/http://www.prosport.ro/index.php?section=articole&screen=index&id=24914&pagina=0http://edu-archive.org/protect.php?url=http://www.9am.ro/stiri-revista-presei/2007-05-09/dinamo-nu-vrea-in-ghencea.htmlhttp://www.onlinesport.ro/stiri/fotbal/fotbal-intern/liga-1/dinamo/23417/dinamo-trebuie-sa-revina-pe-stadionul-national-in-uefa.htmhttp://www.onlinesport.ro/stiri/fotbal/fotbal-intern/liga-1/dinamo/23417/dinamo-trebuie-sa-revina-pe-stadionul-national-in-uefa.htmhttp://en.uclcityguide.uefa.com/?m24Action=STADIUM&m24Id=50065&m24Tooltip=1http://www.stadiumguide.com/ghencea.htmhttp://www.romaniansoccer.ro/clubs_2/venus_bucuresti/venus_bucuresti.shtmlhttp://www.uefa.com/memberassociations/uefarankings/club/index.htmlhttp://www.uefa.com/memberassociations/uefarankings/club/index.htmlhttp://www.iffhs.de/en/http://www.prosport.ro/index.php?section=articole&screen=index&id=59098http://web.archive.org/web/20070921193630/http://www.prosport.ro/index.php?section=articole&screen=index&id=59098http://web.archive.org/web/20070921193630/http://www.prosport.ro/index.php?section=articole&screen=index&id=59098http://www.iaa.ro/Articole/Analize/Steaua-ca-brand/Print-37.htmlhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolce_Sporthttp://www.dolce-sport.ro/fotbal/fotbal-intern/exclusiv-steaua-are-din-nou-un-sponsor-pe-tricou-cine-este-si-cati-bani-primesc-ros-albastrii-25290/http://www.dolce-sport.ro/fotbal/fotbal-intern/exclusiv-steaua-are-din-nou-un-sponsor-pe-tricou-cine-este-si-cati-bani-primesc-ros-albastrii-25290/http://www.adevarul.ro/articole/steaua-renunta-la-adidas-pentru-nike/7896http://www.cs.kent.edu/~amarcus/Mihai/romanian/diverse/mirceaionitiu.htmlhttp://www.cs.kent.edu/~amarcus/Mihai/romanian/diverse/mirceaionitiu.htmlhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/forum/lofiversion/index.php/t5171.htmhttp://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/01/16/soccer-romania-steaua-tamas-idUKL3N0UV3QI20150116http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/01/16/soccer-romania-steaua-tamas-idUKL3N0UV3QI20150116https://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/blogs/pitchside-europe/steaua-bucharest-reveal--clip-art--logo-after-being-stripped-of-their-name--colours-and-emblem-111125775.htmlhttps://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/blogs/pitchside-europe/steaua-bucharest-reveal--clip-art--logo-after-being-stripped-of-their-name--colours-and-emblem-111125775.htmlhttp://www.theguardian.com/football/blog/2014/dec/27/steaua-bucharest-romania-european-cuphttp://www.theguardian.com/football/blog/2014/dec/27/steaua-bucharest-romania-european-cuphttp://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-arhiva-1166529-steaua_cucerit_50_lea_trofeu_din_istoria_clubului.htmhttp://www.realitatearomaneasca.ro/content.php?c=articole&id_categorie=12&articol_id=1681&p=9&article=suporterii+echipei+steaua+au+protestat+impotriva+patronului+clubuluihttp://www.realitatearomaneasca.ro/content.php?c=articole&id_categorie=12&articol_id=1681&p=9&article=suporterii+echipei+steaua+au+protestat+impotriva+patronului+clubuluihttp://www.evenimentul.ro/articol/planurile-lui-becali.htmlhttp://www.9am.ro/stiri-revista-presei/Sport/20015/Conducatorii-vor-plati-cu-averea-datoriile-cluburilorhttp://www.9am.ro/stiri-revista-presei/Sport/20015/Conducatorii-vor-plati-cu-averea-datoriile-cluburilorhttp://www.ziua.ro/display.php?id=8354&data=1998-05-29http://www.rsssf.com/tablesr/roemchamp.htmlhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:CS1_errors#bad_datehttp://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7946/10595173/1/1supercupa-principal.jpg?width=815http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7946/10595173/1/1supercupa-principal.jpg?width=815http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7946/10595173/1/1supercupa-principal.jpg?width=815http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/unbeaten.html#leaghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:CS1_errors#param_has_ext_linkhttp://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7906/12437922/5/faza-meci.jpg?height=413&width=550http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7906/12437922/5/faza-meci.jpg?height=413&width=550http://storage0.dms.mpinteractiv.ro/media/401/581/7906/12437922/5/faza-meci.jpg?height=413&width=550http://www.stadiumguide.com/ghencea.htmhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/3562http://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/3666https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/9739599311https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti#ref_ded1https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti_managershttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti_players
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    9

    [30] Istoric PALMARES ALL-TIME. frf.ro. Retrieved2007-07-07.

    [31] 42% dintre romani sunt stelisti.Ziarul. Retrieved 2007-07-14.

    [32] Armata le dadea papara.... FCSteaua.ro. Re-

    trieved 2007-07-07 http://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/galleries/mode/viewPicture/picture/31303/COREGRAFIE DE POVESTIT NEPOTILOR........Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

    [33] Istoria ultra' incepe cu noi!". FCSteaua.ro. Retrieved2007-07-07.

    [34] Comunicatele grupurilor Vacarm , Ult*ras,STIL*OSTIL, Banda Ultra. FCSteaua.ro. Retrieved2005-09-10.

    [35] AISS va prezinta AISS.ro. aiss.ro. Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [36] Steaua acuzata dinnou de rasism.roportal.ro. Retrieved2007-09-06.

    [37] Rapid Steaua / dusmanie nula. PresaOnline.com. Re-trieved 2007-06-14.

    [38] Steaua are terenul suspendat pentru meciul cuValerenga. hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2007-10-07.

    [39] Steaua Bucharest to play behind closed doors.sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.

    [40] Steaua Bucharest punished by Uefa after racist behaviourby fans. The Guardian. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 8April 2015.

    [41] Marele derby (the great derby)". footballderbies.com.Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [42] Romania List of Champions. rsssf.com. Retrieved2007-08-11.

    [43] Dulamita, I., Dobre, F. & Popan, C.Armatele de fanaticidin spatele fotbalului. HotNews.ro. Retrieved 2007-06-14.

    [44] Marele derby (the great derby)". footballderbies.com.Retrieved 2007-08-11.

    [45] Lista completa cu derbyurile campionatului. fanatik.ro.Archived fromthe original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved2007-07-07.

    [46] Politica mineaza sportul romnesc. Ziua. Retrieved2007-06-10.

    [47] Gigi Becali si-a vandut toate actiunile de la Steauanepotilor sai. Retrieved 2007-09-06.

    [48] Cine mai conduce Steaua. Retrieved 2007-06-11.

    [49] Chican, Marius, Focseneanu, Dorin. Romanii platescdatoriile Stelei. evz.ro. Retrieved 2007-09-06.

    [50] Traciuc, Alexandru. Romanii platesc datoriile Stelei.gardianul.ro. Retrieved 2007-09-25.

    [51] Intamplari de la filmari.... cinemagia.ro. Retrieved2007-08-12.

    [52] Mondenii episodul 1 secventa cu Gigi Becali si BanelNicolita cu Gigi Becali de Mondenii. preferate.ro. Re-trieved 2007-08-12.

    [53] Compilatie, Forza Steaua (CD)". dol.ro. Retrieved2007-08-12.

    [54] 'The Red Dogs is a common nickname adopted by Di-namos fans for their team.

    [55] Versuri Voltaj Msd2"". versuri.ro. Retrieved 2007-08-12.

    [56] Despre Scooter. fcsteaua.ro. Retrieved 2007-08-12.

    [57] Steauas series of 104 matches unbeaten in the DiviziaA. www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 26 May 2012.

    [58] Inter Milano a egalat recordul tandemului Steaua Di-

    namo.. 7plus.ro. Retrieved 2007-09-03.

    [59] AlinHuiu.Steaua Europeana.onlinesport.ro. Retrieved2006-08-11.

    [60] Steaua gave up the trophy in 1990Steauas series of 104matches unbeaten in the Divizia A. rsssf.com. 2001-09-10. Retrieved 2007-07-07.

    [61] First Team. steauafc.com. Steaua Bucureti. Retrieved1 October 2015.

    [62] Steaua Bucureti. lpf.ro. LPF. Retrieved 1 October2015.

    [63] Technical and medical staff. steauafc.com. Steaua Bu-cureti. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

    [64] Ion Toma este noul sef al Centrului de Copii si Juniori.steauafc.com. Steaua Bucureti. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

    [65] Schimbare de ultim moment Massimo Pedrazzini a fostnlocuit (in Romanian).GazetaSporturilor. 2015-08-01.Retrieved 2015-08-01.

    [66] Istoric Antrenori. steauafc.com. Retrieved 9 March2013.

    15 External links

    Official website

    FC Steaua BucuretionFacebook

    FC Steaua BucuretiatUEFA

    FC Steaua Bucuretiat teamsandplayers.com

    http://www.teamsandplayers.com/Steaua-Bucurestihttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UEFAhttp://www.uefa.com/teamsandplayers/teams/club=50065/domestic/index.htmlhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/FCSBOfficialhttp://www.steauafc.com/http://www.steauafc.com/ro/antrenori/https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gazeta_Sporturilorhttp://www.gsp.ro/fotbal/liga-1/schimbare-de-ultim-moment-massimo-pedrazzini-a-fost-inlocuit-455253.htmlhttp://www.gsp.ro/fotbal/liga-1/schimbare-de-ultim-moment-massimo-pedrazzini-a-fost-inlocuit-455253.htmlhttp://www.steauafc.com/ro/articol/iontomasefccj/http://www.steauafc.com/ro/prima_echipa/http://www.lpf.ro/club/steaua-bucurestihttp://www.steauafc.com/ro/prima_echipa/http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/unb-steaua-104.htmlhttp://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/unb-steaua-104.htmlhttp://www.onlinesport.ro/stiri/fotbal/fotbal-intern/liga-1/steaua/22135/steaua-europeana.htmhttp://www.7plus.ro/?arhiva=27/02/2007&id=18159http://www.7plus.ro/?arhiva=27/02/2007&id=18159http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/unb-steaua-104.htmlhttp://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/unb-steaua-104.htmlhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/2870http://www.versuri.ro/versuri/kiifk_voltaj+msd2.htmlhttp://www.dol.ro/Produse/Muzica/Compilatii/Compilatie_Forza_Steaua_CD_QI107077/index.asphttp://preferate.net/view.php?id=6538http://preferate.net/view.php?id=6538http://www.cinemagia.ro/movie.php?movie_id=3942&what=article&article_id=3286http://www.gardianul.ro/2007/09/18/sport-c10/dictatura_in_ghencea_becali_nu_i_mai_inghite_pe_golanski_si_zaharia-s101196.htmlhttp://www.evz.ro/article.php?artid=268867http://www.evz.ro/article.php?artid=268867http://www.cancan.ro/2007-04-30/Cine-mai-conduce-Steaua.htmlhttp://www.hotnews.ro/articol_34128-Gigi-Becali-si-a-vandut-toate-actiunile-de-la-Steaua-nepotilor-sai.htmhttp://www.hotnews.ro/articol_34128-Gigi-Becali-si-a-vandut-toate-actiunile-de-la-Steaua-nepotilor-sai.htmhttp://www.ziua.ro/display.php?id=8354&data=1998-05-29http://www.fanatik.ro/liga_i_sectiune_2/articol_24640/lista_completa_cu_derby-urile_campionatului.htmlhttp://web.archive.org/web/20070928231053/http://www.fanatik.ro/liga_i_sectiune_2/articol_24640/lista_completa_cu_derby-urile_campionatului.htmlhttp://www.footballderbies.com/results/index.php?id=105http://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-arhiva-1119827-armatele_fanatici_din_spatele_fotbalului.htmhttp://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-arhiva-1119827-armatele_fanatici_din_spatele_fotbalului.htmhttp://www.rsssf.com/tablesr/roemchamp.htmlhttp://www.footballderbies.com/honours/index.php?id=105http://www.theguardian.com/football/2015/feb/25/steaus-bucharest-punished-for-racism-by-uefahttp://www.theguardian.com/football/2015/feb/25/steaus-bucharest-punished-for-racism-by-uefahttp://sports.yahoo.com/sow/news?slug=afp-fbleurc3romhunirlsteaua&prov=afp&type=lgnshttp://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-arhiva-1210680-steaua_are_terenul_suspendat_pentru_meciul_valerenga.htmhttp://www.hotnews.ro/stiri-arhiva-1210680-steaua_are_terenul_suspendat_pentru_meciul_valerenga.htmhttp://www.presaonline.com/stire/rapid-%25EF%25BF%25BD-steaua--dusmanie-nula,16787.htmlhttp://www.roportal.ro/stiri/stirea-390451.htmhttp://www.aiss.ro/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=1http://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/1685/http://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/1685/http://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/2084https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:CS1_errors#bad_datehttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/galleries/mode/viewPicture/picture/31303/COREGRAFIEhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/galleries/mode/viewPicture/picture/31303/COREGRAFIEhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/galleries/mode/viewPicture/picture/31303/COREGRAFIEhttp://www.fcsteaua.ro/index/section/articles/article/2025http://www.ziarulcn.com/index.php?pid=article&aid=50999http://www.frf.ro/index.php?articol=31section=articole&screen=index&id=24914&pagina=0
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    10 16 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

    16 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

    16.1 Text

    FC Steaua Bucureti Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Steaua_Bucure%C8%99ti?oldid=727639049Contributors:Kosebamse,Arwel Parry, Bogdangiusca, Haukurth, Nv8200pa, Finlay McWalter, Masi27185, Dale Arnett, Nach0king, JB82, Sunray, Mushroom,SoLando, Michael Devore, Angelo.romano, Mike Rosoft, Discospinster, CanisRufus, Aecis, GordyB, Mentatus, Vasiliscul, Bobo192,Circeus, Jag123, Giraffedata, TheProject, Geschichte, Red Winged Duck, Alansohn, TheParanoidOne, Qwghlm, Snowolf, Gene Ny-gaard, Drbreznjev, Mateiandro, Xanthar, Angr, OwenX, Woohookitty, CristiS, Everton, ^demon, WadeSimMiser, Jeff3000, Contele deGrozavesti, Oldelpaso, Rjwilmsi, Staecker, Durin, MapsMan, Fish and karate, RexNL, Bigdottawa, Jared Preston, DVdm, Bgwhite, Gwer-nol, YurikBot, RobotE, TodorBozhinov, Shell Kinney, CambridgeBayWeather, Wiki alf, Dr31, Rebel, Pal~enwiki, AdiJapan, Nate1481,Tumey, CLW, Orioane, Closedmouth, GraemeL, JoanneB, Fram, Anclation~enwiki, Curpsbot-unicodify, Kalaha, Asterion, Arcadie,SmackBot, YellowMonkey, Honza Zruba, Serte, Nickst, Eskimbot, Ilikeeatingwaffles, Ingy dust, Robster2001, Gilliam, Nzd, Chris thespeller,Dahn,MK8, Xiliquiern,Bigsslb, Colonies Chris, Slumgum, Spencer Kassey~enwiki,Fjmustak, Can'tsleep, clown willeat me, Rhol-lenton, DRahier, Neo139, OrphanBot, Mothball, Zvar, Greenshed, Khoikhoi, Niall123, Khukri, Virgil Vaduva, Matthew hk, Pilotguy,Luciand, Ohconfucius, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, John, Lonestarr022, Cybermb, Mr.Clown, Nikulescu, Willy turner, Fuzzy510, Messager,Citicat, MTSbot~enwiki, Dl2000, ShakingSpirit, KJS77, Iugin, Pelotas, GiantSnowman, Fma12, Vitriden, Tanthalas39, Curswine, PageUp, Fox Ledrum, JohnCD, Erik Kennedy, WATP, Searles2sels, Jogurney, Taviii, Thprfssnl, Jokes Free4Me, Dgw, Neelix, Minuskul,Gyula19, VladB, Dracu777, Cydebot, Plamenj, Parslad, Minisarm, Vladutzzagreat, Palffy, DumbBOT, Alexandru H., Steaua, Mtpaley,Omicronpersei8, JonBroxton, Thijs!bot, Epbr123, Biruitorul, Maccabi Netanya Rules, Crzycheetah, Petrutnet, Anti-Phag, Tocino, Escar-bot, Phormion, Mentifisto, BokicaK, Pandaemon, 17Drew, LIPSDE, Myanw, Metsanurkro, Turgidson, MER-C, SirMihai, Oliviu, X4b1,Panarjedde, Timur lenk, MegX, SupervladiTM, .anacondabot, Gabinho, Giuseppe86, Magioladitis, VoABot II, Dics, LaUr3nTiU, Sala-

    haldin, Tha Eastsydah, Rossoblu~enwiki, Galizza, Vercety ro, JaGa, Philg88, Justtupeu, Stephenchou0722, NAHID, Rettetast, Avni.yotam,CommonsDelinker, J.delanoy, DrKay, Mosanudan, Dispenser, Razvanflorian, Efil4tselaer, Kharinn, Skier Dude, Uforock, AntiSpam-Bot, 97198, Plasticup, Erdeniss, KylieTastic, Yonutz90 bv, Legionarul, STBotD, Jevansen, Treisijs, Mariussss, Gtg204y, Alex:D, The-NewPhobia, Halmstad, VolkovBot, AlnoktaBOT, Aquascape, WOSlinker, ArnoldPettybone, TXiKiBoT, Oshwah, KaiN2007, Skeri2007,Rei-bot, Avdav, Campuscodi, Qxz, Angeloradu, KyleRGiggs, Broadbot, Amog, Metalrooster, Meters, Bine Mai, Nukualofa, Laurentio,Steaua4life, Novadeath69, Gamsbart, G-Max Rus, UltrasRadu, Coszmin, Dan69en, SieBot, Kimera Kat, BotMultichill, Winchelsea, Ger-akibot, Soldier86, Gokhantig, Lucasbfrbot, Sorin.c, Flyer22 Reborn, Chhandama, Alexynho, Kosack, Lightmouse, Eugen Simion 14,Lafuzion, Astristul, Joel Mihail Jonas, Struway2, Gr8opinionater, ImageRemovalBot, Celique, Tanvir Ahmmed, ClueBot, Razz lad, Vlad-Grigorescu, Heracletus, Ayomaju, EPs, Mild Bill Hiccup, Peanut4, Ice187, Cirt, 718 Bot, Excirial, Alexbot, Estirabot, Khalinho, Rezis-tenta, IubescFcBrasov, Vavact, Dusk d3vil, Zombie433, Helixweb, XLinkBot, Ionutz1293, PauloCj, Alinghitescu, Wislabe, Sir Sputnik,Stub Creater, Redman19, SilvonenBot, MystBot, Addbot, Grayfell, Zsombi~enwiki, Queenmomcat, AkhtaBot, Hubschrauber729, Rosu90,Giggs for Temporary, Smecheroso, Krano, Pseudonim9, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Themfromspace, Ptbotgourou, MSClaudiu, Alexmetrorex,Little-big1, Tiberiu Balint, Roman-Serb, Nallimbot, Mister stelistus, Bort08, LoVeCa, Gabynho08, TheBigJagielka, Miculstelist, Cedeiro,Muscacornel, AnomieBOT, G000se, Adineaga10, Vlad9, Rubinbot, Tojabest, Alexandrey1993, Kov 93, Pestache, Pauljunkie, CommanderShepard, HunTeR-MD, Kingpin13, Creek2105, Ulric1313, Karlosica, Materialscientist, Unuon, Geregen2, ArthurBot, LilHelpa, Ariman-rai, Obersachsebot, Xqbot, Iaaasi, Noel baran, Vlad1918, Vivaelcelta, Europeanguy, Volovod, DJWolfy, DSisyphBot, Legendfootballers,

    Pacoste, J04n, GrouchoBot, Stelistul100, RibotBOT, Mister2009, Luciandrei, Hashishu boy, Fr33runn3r, Paraandrey, FrescoBot, Pietry,Magn3to, Taties20, Ionutzmovie, Seabear84, CoxBv, X3nnon, Eddie Nixon, RedBot, MastiBot, Serols, Kalkulators, Full-date unlinkingbot, Rrsae, SqiNNNNte, Nastictarragona, Arbero, Kidstylez, Greco22, VEO15, TobeBot, Zamfir30, Pma28, Miracle Pen, Onel5969,LaZ0r, Qmihai24, Antoncri, Koppapa, EmausBot, John of Reading, Sanci1956, MaxPayne96, Dewritech, Ionutmortu, Artiphax, Po-etu69, Renamed user 1985, Dcirovic, Cashewntt, Jolicnikola, Zupfk, BAICAN XXX, Josve05a, Sxnb, Narcis90, Eruul2012, Bamyers99,H3llBot, Hottentotspur, Dragos96, Ring28, Catabv23, SporkBot, Mentoz86, Tolly4bolly, Razvan3c, Cameron11598, Id mali, Donner60,Dimon229, Parintele, Grimmerz, ChuispastonBot, Pitroipa10, Copylu, Wikiwind, ClueBot NG, Cyperuspapyrus, BaboneCar, Satellizer,Fauzan, Eva Mitocondriala, Schweinee, Jcgoble3, Frietjes, Jaysuc, VladShev, Rezabot, Widr, BG19bot, Krenair, Mortifervm, Deepblue1,Danielsteaua, ElphiBot, Dimon449, MusikAnimal, Ilondt, Kyrsym, Canoe1967, Bad good dragosh98, Easy Tempo, Asd36f, Klilidiplo-mus, Liviu Marius, Horjan catalin, Mariusik84, Nico17, CristiN99FCSB, Mdann52, Nado158, Lazio12, Bog*97, Ahamlett, Petre1963,Barbon33, Charles Essie, Marcu34, Liviu Marius Dobrea, Catalin31, Andreicurpan94, Lorenzo9393, Jamesx12345, Attylakiss, Stepo-jevac, Mikysmq, Saviola23, MihaiClaudiuBragadiru, Dancewithwolfves, Gogaie, Andrei iganov, Radulitean, LMD1989, Sean reeds,Kosovarul, Markosoft, Nfsprostreet22, Fcsbogdan, JustBerry, Br'er rabbitons, Bollfooot, 8Dodo8, Bobocilor1, Mr. Lamna, Alecs9212,Zotteteen1, Qed237, Varzanel, Danutz navodari, Savuraducristi, DLM 1989, Optimvs, 123fatai, Maritzandrei, Lagoswards, Gagibgd,PabloOsvaldo17, JaconaFrere, Kling5804, Darren Mattocks, TPTB, TerraMuncher, Shinnok46, Filedelinkerbot, Andnjr, DrunkenGer-man, MihailBerco23, Babardeiii, Keliosul, ALBERTOSIRBU, Mihaitalazarica, Skyfall2014, Roby Iliescu, Bandosteaua, Ionutlupu, Alex-ene94, MBD555, Heyrup, DudaVladSoare, GabrielTembel, LivivMarivs, Nix2ro, Pestelehaios, Cifratila, Culoarul4, SLBedit, Misiunea10,JeffreyShalabna27, Wrappos, Forestmanred, Liviulord, Pyrotle, Leonard Tririca, Stefan00700, Azealia911, Rhinen, Ionutui, Raul Rus-escu, Silviu8888, Silviu88234, Skyfall1984, Io1costin, Dboswell98, IuvenesIos, AlessioMilano, Georgefilip1510, Alexandru Drago Ste-garu, Nicu Pasca, Luigi97, Mandreea13, Alexiulian25, LeonardFCSB26, Campioniicampioniioleoleolee, Oviftw05, YoloJ, Romania2015,AlexGerrard77, AlexGeorge33, Sanoesie101, CoatbridgeChancellor, AlexandruGerrard77, Farmnation, Qzd, Alex.gabu1947, Kkoff, IanRush-Gerrard, Kajumyeah, Pidaru333, Awesomeshark9 and Anonymous: 1271

    16.2 Images

    File:Commons-logo.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svgLicense:CC-BY-SA-3.0Contribu-tors:? Original artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Algeria.svg Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svg License:Public domainContributors:SVGimplementation of the 63-145 Algerian law "on Characteristics of the Algerian national emblem" ("Caractristiques duDrapeau Algrien",in English). Original artist:This graphic was originaly drawn byUser:SKopp.

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    http://manuelbelgrano.gov.ar/bandera/creacion-de-la-bandera-nacional/http://web.archive.org/web/20060506082642/http://openclipart.org/clipart/signs_and_symbols/argentina.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1a/Flag_of_Argentina.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:SKopphttp://www.algeria-un.org/default.asp?doc=-flaghttp://www.el-mouradia.dz/francais/symbole/embleme/drapeau.htmhttp://www.el-mouradia.dz/francais/symbole/embleme/drapeau.htmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Vector_Graphics.pdfhttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Flag_of_Algeria.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Steaua_Bucure%25C8%2599ti?oldid=727639049
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    16.2 Images 11

    File:Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svgLicense:Public domainContributors:? Original artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svgLicense:Public domainContributors:Own workOriginal artist:Kseferovic

    File:Flag_of_Brazil.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svgLicense:PD Contributors:? Origi-nal artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svgLicense:Pub-lic domainContributors:Own workOriginal artist:Drawn byUser:SKopp

    File:Flag_of_Croatia.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Flag_of_Croatia.svg License:Public domainContributors: http://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?sec=4317 Original artist:Nightstallion, Elephantus, Neoneo13, Denelson83, Rainman,R-41, Minestrone, Lupo, Zscout370,MaGa (based onDecision of the Parliament)

    File:Flag_of_England.svg Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/be/Flag_of_England.svg License:Public domain Con-tributors:? Original artist:?

    File:Flag_of_France.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svgLicense:PDContributors:? Orig-inal artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Germany.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svgLicense:PD Contributors:?Original artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Ghana.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Flag_of_Ghana.svg License: Public domainContributors:? Original artist:?

    File:Flag_of_Greece.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svg License:Public domainContributors:own codeOriginal artist:(of code)cs:User:-xfi-(talk)

    File:Flag_of_Haiti.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svg License: Public domainContributors:Coat of arms from: Coat of arms of Haiti.svgbyLokal_ProfilandMyriam Thyes Original artist:(colours and size changesof the now deletied versions)Madden,Vzb83,Denelson83,Chanheigeorge,Zscout370andNightstallion

    File:Flag_of_Italy.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svgLicense:PDContributors: ? Originalartist:?

    File:Flag_of_Portugal.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svg License: Public do-mainContributors:http://jorgesampaio.arquivo.presidencia.pt/pt/republica/simbolos/bandeiras/index.html#imgs Original artist: Colum-bano Bordalo Pinheiro (1910; generic design); Vtor Lus Rodrigues; Antnio Martins-Tuvlkin (2004; this specific vector set: see sources)

    File:Flag_of_Romania.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Flag_of_Romania.svg License:Public do-mainContributors:Own workOriginal artist:AdiJapan

    File:Flag_of_Romania_(1965-1989).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Flag_of_Romania_%281965-1989%29.svg License: Public domain Contributors: commons, Image:Flag of Romania (1965-1989).png Original artist:Alex:D(talk)

    File:Flag_of_Russia.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svgLicense:PD Contributors:? Origi-nal artist:?

    File:Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/71/Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.svg Li-cense:Public domainContributors:Own workOriginal artist:Flag designed by ore Andrejevi-Kun[3]

    File:Flag_of_Scotland.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Flag_of_Scotland.svg License: Public do-

    mainContributors:http://kbolino.freeshell.org/svg/scotland.svgOriginal artist:none known File:Flag_of_Serbia.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ff/Flag_of_Serbia.svg License: Public domain

    Contributors:Fromhttp://www.parlament.gov.rs/content/cir/o_skupstini/simboli/simboli.asp. Original artist:sodipodi.com

    File:Flag_of_Spain.svg Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svg License:PD Contributors:? Originalartist:?

    File:Flag_of_Spain_(1945_-_1977).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Flag_of_Spain_%281945_-_1977%29.svg License:GFDLContributors:Own workOriginal artist:SanchoPanzaXXI

    File:Flag_of_Spain_(1977_-_1981).svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Flag_of_Spain_%281977_-_1981%29.svg License:GFDLContributors:Own workOriginal artist:Miguillen

    File:Flag_of_Turkey.svg Source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg License:Public domainContributors:Turkish Flag Law (Trk Bayra Kanunu), Law nr. 2893 of 22 September 1983. Text(in Turkish) at the website of theTurkish Historical Society (Trk Tarih Kurumu) Original artist:David Benbennick(original author)

    File:Flag_of_Ukraine.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svgLicense:Public domainContributors: 4512:2006 . Original artist:Government of Ukraine

    File:Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svgLicense:Public domainContributors:

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Flag_of_Ukraine.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dbenbennhttp://www.ttk.org.tr/index.php?Page=Sayfa&No=81https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Miguillenhttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Flag_of_Spain_%25281977_-_1981%2529.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/Flag_of_Spain_%25281977_-_1981%2529.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:SanchoPanzaXXI&action=edit&redlink=1https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Flag_of_Spain_%25281945_-_1977%2529.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Flag_of_Spain_%25281945_-_1977%2529.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svghttp://www.parlament.gov.rs/content/cir/o_skupstini/simboli/simboli.asphttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ff/Flag_of_Serbia.svghttp://kbolino.freeshell.org/svg/scotland.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/10/Flag_of_Scotland.svghttp://www.fotw.net/flags/yu_fy.htmlhttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/71/Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/f3/Flag_of_Russia.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Alex:Dhttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Flag_of_Romania_%25281965-1989%2529.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Flag_of_Romania_%25281965-1989%2529.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:AdiJapanhttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Flag_of_Romania.svghttp://jorgesampaio.arquivo.presidencia.pt/pt/republica/simbolos/bandeiras/index.html#imgshttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Nightstallionhttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Zscout370http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Chanheigeorgehttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Denelson83http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Vzb83&action=edit&redlink=1http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Maddenhttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bentuzer:Thyeshttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lokal_Profilhttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coat_of_arms_of_Haiti.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Flag_of_Haiti.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_talk:-xfi-http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:-xfi-https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Flag_of_Ghana.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/be/Flag_of_England.svghttp://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?sec=978http://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?sec=4317https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Flag_of_Croatia.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:SKopphttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Flag_of_Cape_Verde.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/05/Flag_of_Brazil.svghttp://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_6//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Kseferovichttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina.svghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%2528civil%2529.svg
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    12 16 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

    -xfi-'s file

    -xfi-'s code

    Zirlands codes of colors

    Original artist:

    (of code): SVG version bycs:-xfi-.

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    File:Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.svgLi-cense:Public domainContributors:http://pravo.levonevsky.org/Original artist:

    File:Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svgLicense:Cc-by-sa-3.0Contributors:? Original artist:?

    File:Gica_Hagi.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Gica_Hagi.jpg License:CC BY 2.0 Contributors:gicanulOriginal artist:dan_avraham2000

    File:Kit_body.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/83/Kit_body.svgLicense:Public domainContributors:?Original artist:?

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    File:Kit_body_steaua1516h.png Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a3/Kit_body_steaua1516h.png License:CC BY-SA 3.0Contributors:Own workOriginal artist:8Dodo8

    File:Kit_left_arm.svgSource:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7f/Kit_left_arm.svgLicense:Public domainContrib-utors:

    This vectorimagehas been made or improvedin the Polish project Grafiki wektorowe (vector graphics). Youcan propose images to improveas well.Original artist:YarlTalkPL

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    File:Kit_socks_long.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/Kit_socks_long.svg License: Public domainContributors:Modification ofFile:Kit socks.svg, original football kit design byUser:ed_g2sOriginal artist:User:Chandlerfrom theEnglishWikipedia.

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