UNIVERSITATEA „LUCIAN BLAGA SIBIU FACULTATEA DE TEOLOGIE ...· universitatea „lucian blaga”

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Transcript of UNIVERSITATEA „LUCIAN BLAGA SIBIU FACULTATEA DE TEOLOGIE ...· universitatea „lucian blaga”

  • UNIVERSITATEA LUCIAN BLAGA SIBIU

    FACULTATEA DE TEOLOGIE ANDREI AGUNA

    SCHIMBAREA LA FA A MNTUITORULUI

    N INTERPRETAREA PRINILOR RSRITENI.

    O HERMENEUTIC DUHOVNICEASC

    CONDUCTOR TIINIFIC

    PR. PROF. DR. VASILE MIHOC

    CANDIDAT

    PR. GHEORGHE RADU GRBACEA

    2013

  • 1

    Cuprins

    Motivaie ............................................................................................................................... 8

    Abrevieri ............................................................................................................................. 12

    I. Introducere ..................................................................................................................... 15

    I.1 Introducere general ................................................................................................ 15

    I. 2 Metodele: metoda istorico-critic i receptarea patristic a Scripturii ................... 16

    I.3 Un stadiu al cercetrii ............................................................................................. 18

    I.3.1 Un stadiu al cercetrii n Teologia romneasc ................................................... 19

    I.4 Scopul i limitele lucrrii ........................................................................................ 21

    Partea I ............................................................................................................................... 23

    II. Naraiunile sinoptice despre Schimbarea la Fa ...................................................... 23

    (Mt 17, 1-9; Mc 9, 2-9; Lc 9, 28-36) - exegez .................................................................. 23

    II.1 Mc 9, 2-9 ................................................................................................................ 24

    II.2 Mt 17, 1-9 ............................................................................................................... 33

    II.3 Lc 9, 28-36 ............................................................................................................. 45

    II.4 Concluzii ................................................................................................................ 54

    Partea a II-a ....................................................................................................................... 56

    III. Exegeza patristic a Schimbrii la Fa.................................................................... 56

    III.1 O ncecare de clasificare ....................................................................................... 56

    III.1.1 Michel van Parys ............................................................................................... 57

    III.1.2 Primele interpretri sau reflecii ........................................................................ 58

    III.1.3 O ncercare de clasificare a omiliilor ................................................................ 61

    III.1.3. 1 Omiliile feriale (homlies friales) ..................................................... 61

    III.1.3.2 Omiliile festive (homlies festales)......................................................... 65

    III.1.3.3 Catehezele monahale .................................................................................. 67

    III.2. Literatura apocrif .................................................................................................. 69

    III.2.1 Scurte aluzii la Schimbarea la Fa n literatura apocrif ................................. 69

    III.2.2 Apocalipsa lui Petru .......................................................................................... 72

    III.2.2.1 Data scrierii, textul i scopul ...................................................................... 72

    III.2.2.2 Cuvntarea eshatologic i Schimbarea la Fa n Apocalipsa lui Petru ... 76

  • 2

    III.2.2.3 Trupurile strlucitoare ale lui Moise i Ilie i Grdina paradisiac ............ 78

    III.2.2.4 Concluzii ..................................................................................................... 84

    III.2.3 Faptele lui Ioan ................................................................................................. 85

    III.2.3.1 Data, textul i scopul scrierii ...................................................................... 85

    III.2.3.2 Schimbarea la Fa n Faptele lui Ioan ....................................................... 86

    III.2.3.3 Concluzii ..................................................................................................... 90

    III.2.4 Faptele lui Petru (Actus Petri cum Simone) 20-21 ........................................... 91

    III.2.4.1 Data, textul i scopul scrierii ...................................................................... 91

    III.2.4.2 Contextul literar al naraiunii despre Schimbarea la Fa

    i multitudinea de forme () (APt 20-21) ................................................ 93

    III.2.4.3 Multitudinea formelor n APt 20-21 ........................................................... 94

    III.2.4.4 Revelarea mreiei lui Iisus pe muntele sfnt ............................................. 96

    III.2.4.5 Forma divin i forma uman ..................................................................... 98

    III.2.4.6 Epitetele i multitudinea de nume .............................................................. 99

    III.2.4.7 Multitudinea de forme din APt 21 ............................................................ 101

    III.2.4.8 Concluzii ................................................................................................... 104

    III.3 Sfntul Irineu al Lyonului (cca 130- 202) ............................................................. 106

    III.3.1 Repere biografice ............................................................................................ 106

    III.3.2 Interpretarea Schimbrii la Fa ...................................................................... 106

    III.3.3 Schimbarea la Fa ca Teofanie ...................................................................... 107

    III.3.4 Schimbarea la Fa mplinirea fgduinei de pe Sinai ................................ 108

    III.3.5 Vederea lui Dumnezeu ca participare la Dumnezeu ....................................... 109

    III.3.6 Concluzii ......................................................................................................... 111

    III.4 Clement Alexandrinul (150- nainte 215) ............................................................ 112

    III.4.1 Repere biografice ............................................................................................ 112

    III.4.2 Schimbarea la Fa n scrierile lui Clement Alexandrinul .............................. 112

    III.4.3 Schimbarea la Fa n Stromate VI, 140, 3 ..................................................... 114

    III.4.3.1 Contextul interpretrii .............................................................................. 114

    III.4.3.2 Stromate VI, 140, 3 .................................................................................. 116

    III.4.4 Schimbarea la Fa n Excerpta Theodot 4-5 .................................................. 121

    III.4.5 Concluzii ......................................................................................................... 127

    III.5 Origen (185-254/255) .............................................................................................. 128

    III.5.1 Repere biografice ............................................................................................ 128

    III.5.3 Temele principale ............................................................................................ 129

  • 3

    III.5.3.1 Cele ase sau opt zile i Mt 16, 28 ............................................................ 130

    III.5.3.2 Alegerea ucenicilor ................................................................................... 131

    III.5.3.3 Trupul lui Hristos la Schimbarea la Fa .................................................. 133

    III.5.3.4 Norul luminos ........................................................................................... 136

    III.5.3.5 Semnificaia artrii lui Moise i Ilie ....................................................... 136

    III.5.3.6 Hainele lui Iisus ........................................................................................ 137

    III.5.3.7 Cuvintele lui Petru .................................................................................... 137

    III.5.3.8 Glasul Tatlui i reacia ucenicilor ........................................................... 138

    III.5.4 Concluzii ......................................................................................................... 139

    III.6 Sfntul Ioan Hrisostom (347-407).......................................................................... 141

    III.6.1 Repere biografice ............................................................................................ 141

    III.6.2 Omilia la Schimbarea la Fa (BHG 1984, 1984b, BHGn 1984bd;

    CPG 4424) .................................................................................................................. 141

    III.6.3 Omiliile atribuite n manuscrise Sfntului Ioan Hrisostom ............................. 143

    III.6.4 Temele principale ............................................................................................ 143

    III.6.4.1 Dimensiunea eshatologic a Schimbrii la Fa ....................................... 144