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  • 8/13/2019 Prospect Brasov en Web


    ERA European Ramblers AssociationEWV Europische WandervereinigungFERP Fdration Europenne de la Randonne Pdestre


    Transylvanian Carpathian

    Tourists Association

    Hikers Paradise

    Brasov in Transylvania The Heart of Romania

  • 8/13/2019 Prospect Brasov en Web


    Ways to experience panoramichiking in Transylvania

    Ecumenical tourism

    Rural culture

    Ecotourism guesthouses

    Photo tours

    Wildlife watching

    Bird watching

    Horse riding

    Cycling / Mountain biking


    Food activities

    HikingHiking is a great way to experienceRomanias spectacular floraand fauna. Hiking routes varyfrom easy day walks in rolling

    hills to strenuous hikes throughhigh, remote mountains.

    Hiking andcultural tourismcombined with

    Cultural tourismWhile driving for two hours you willencounter medieval towns, dozens ofcastles, fortified churches, museums, marketplaces full of life and romantic locations.

    If you are not in a hurry than the twohours can turn into several joyful days.

  • 8/13/2019 Prospect Brasov en Web


    ransylvania reproduces, at a smaller scale, the unity indiversity model that is specific for Europe. Tis Carpathianregion is, in its essence, European not only because of its perma-nent and long-lasting receptiveness towards Europe, or becauseof its rich ethnic and religious mosaic, but especially because of

    the way its inhabitants have learned to coexist without losingtheir own identity. For many centuries Romanians, Hungarians,Germans, Roma, Slovakians and Jews coexist in harmony on thismulti-lingual Carpathian space. Tey belong to various Christianconfessions (Orthodox, Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Luther-an, Calvinist, Unitarian, Neo Protestant) as well as Judaism.

    Surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains shaped as a bas-tion advancing towards East and protecting both the Middle andthe Lower Danube, ransylvania was permanently exposed tocultural influences coming from the West. Te Romans, the firstLatin-speaking Christian missionaries, the Hungarian Kingdom,the first German colonists, the Renaissance, the Humanism, the

    Reformation and the Counter Reformation, the Habsburgs, theHohezollern and finally the EU-structures followed the samebig communication routes, coming from the West. At the sametime, the Carpathians have never been an impassable barrier andits valleys and passes south- and eastwards represent the open-ings towards the Lower Danube, the Black Sea and the Byzantineworld. Tat explains the permanent relations between the Roma-nians living inside and outside the Carpathian arch which havethus maintained the unity of the Romanian language. In this way,in the Middle Ages ransylvania was an important factor in uni-fying and enriching the outer-Carpathian principalities of Wala-chia and Moldavia, in orienting them mainly towards the WesternChristian countries, and especially in the evolution of the Roma-nian national idea, founded on its Latin origins. Romanias politi-cal unity in 1918 would have not been achieved without nourish-ing the awareness of this origin, thanks to the religious union ofthe ransylvanian Romanians with the Church of Rome in 1700.

    Kingdom of Dacia From the 1stcentury B.C. through the 1stcentury A.D. the territory of the future ransylvania is the centreof the strong Dacia Kingdom, representing an ever growing con-cern for the Roman Empire. Both its strategic location the con-trol of the Danube Valley against the Barbarians and its naturalresources, especially gold explains the Roman conquest and thecreation of the Dacia Province carried out by the emperor raianus.

    Roman period: 105275 A.D. Emperor Aurelianus (270-275)

    decides to abandon Dacia and the defence of the empire alongthe Danube. Te Roman army and administration staff left theprovince, however part of the Romanized population remains. Inonly 165 years of Roman rule the profound Romanisation of fu-ture ransylvania is proved by thousands of inscriptions, by thebig number of cities and above all by the fact that the Romanizedpopulation has subsequently resisted to various migration waves.

    Tere is a continuous succession of migration waves, whichexplains the absence of stable and advanced political entities thatcould have been able to draw up documents. During these centu-ries the Romance population uses Latin in the religious Christianservices, as proved by the basic Christian terminology of the Ro-

    manian language.Magyars arrival (10th century) and Saxons arrival(12th14th centuries) New ethnic groups arrive in ransylvania:not only Magyars and Szkelys but also Saxons, the latter beingbrought by the Hungarian kings between the 12 th and 14th cen-turies so as to defend the borders and develop crafts and urbanlife. Coming mainly from the present-day Luxembourg, Flanders,

    and the Rhine valley, they are settled in Te South and Te North

    of ransylvania. Teir arrival and continuous presence has beencrucial for ransylvanias progress, playing at the same time animportant role in the multi-ethnic coexistence.

    As a part of the Kingdom of Hungary, ransylvania fights inthe first battle l ine, together with other European powers, to stopthe Ottoman invasion.

    Te autonomous Principality of ransylvania: 15411699.After the conquest of Hungary by the urks, ransylvania be-comes an autonomous principality under urkish sovereignty, butfully connected to the great continental events such as the TirtyYears War and the subsequent Peace reaty of Westphalia.

    ransylvania under Habsburg rule: 16991918. AsHabsburg rule expands in the Danube Valley and the urks with-draw, ransylvania becomes part of the Austrian Empire. Al-though in its last period of life the Empire is not able to change alegal frame which is unfavourable to the Romanians and evento the Saxons, especially in the years prior to World War I thesecenturies represent to ransylvania the beginning of its moder-nity: permanent contacts with European culture and civilization,urban life development, agricultural and industrial progress.

    Romania: 1918 present time As soon as the Central Pow-ers are defeated in World War I, the ransylvanian Romaniansand the majority of the Saxons express their wish to join Roma-nia. ransylvania becomes part of the Romanian Kingdom andthis fact is confirmed by the peace treaties which follow the both

    world wars. In the years between 1918 and 1939 ransylvania en-joys great economic and cultural development and it is now whenthe Saxon community reaches its demographic peak of all its his-tory in the region.

    World War II and all the extremism and brutality whichcaused, accompanied and followed it, the imposition of the com-munist ideology by force and terror, the lack of democracy andfreedom are a dark period in ransylvanias history. A dramaticevent was the mass emigration of the ransylvanian Saxons toGermany, which takes place especially in the 1960sand the 1970sand also soon after the Revolution of 1989.

    Despite all the negative effects of the modern totalitari-

    an regimes, there is a peaceful coexistence of the inhabitants ofransylvania. It is enough to remember the almost permanentpresence of the Party of the Magyar ethnic group in the centralgovernment in Bucharest, as well as the role played politically,culturally or economically by the ransylvanian Saxons.

    Romanias entry in the EU in 2007 represents forransylvania the return within the big European family.

    Transylvania:Some Historical Considerations

  • 8/13/2019 Prospect Brasov en Web


    The Fagaras Mountains offer hikers 8 peaks surpassing 2.500 m inaltitude and many glacial lakes alongside its ridge of 70 km.

    The Village and Fortified Church of Viscri became famous afterHRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, who defended the Romanian villagesthreatened by Ceauescus demolitions, renovated some buildings andestablished a summer residence there which he visits a couple of times a year.

    Smbta Monastery situated at the foot of the Fgra Mountains.Together with other Orthodox monasteries, it was destroyed by cannons in1785. The ruins were rebuilt from 1935 onwards and it is now a large monasticcentre, hosting a collection of glass paintings and also a workshop. Withinthe monastery there is a hotel accommodating up to 140 guests.

    Braov / Kronstadt enjoys a spectacular location at the foot of forest covered mountains. A cable car ascends a small peak whichrises right in the city center, offering a superb view over the city and the Burzenland. A system of walls and bastions, now walking areas,surround the city on its two sides.

    Bran Castle an impressive building, connected with Dracula. It wasgiven by the city of Braov to Queen Marie of Romania, Queen Victoriasniece, who gave it the present look and used it as a summer residence. Itwas inherited by her successors and is now a museum.


  • 8/13/2019 Prospect Brasov en Web


    Rnov Fortress was erected by the Teutonic Knights on a rock abovethe city. Within its walls, was a self contained village, with numeroushouses, a school and a church, serving as shelter for all the inhabitantsduring long-lasting sieges. It was never conquered.

    Prejmer the best preserved fortified church and a jewel of the MiddleAges. The system of rooms circularly placed on the walls protected thewhole population from the enemy attacks.

    hiking region waiting to be discovered!

    Fgra Citadel this fortified construction surrounded by

    water was the residence of the princes of Transylvania. It was usedas political prison during the communist era and is now a museum.

    The mountains Postvaru, Piatra Mare, Piatra Craiului, Fgra and Ciuca

    are an