Lp Anatomie

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Lucrări practice la Anatomia Omului T. Lupaşcu, I. Catereniuc, D. Batâr, L. Globa, T. Hacina Ghid pentru autoinstruire I. Aparatul locomotor Chişinău, 2009
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Lp Anatomie

Transcript of Lp Anatomie

  • Lucrri practice laAnatomia Omului

    T. Lupacu, I. Catereniuc, D. Batr, L. Globa, T. Hacina

    Ghi

    d pe

    ntru

    aut

    oins

    trui

    re

    I. Aparatul locomotor Chiinu, 2009

  • CZU: 611 (075.8)

    Aprobat de Consiliul Metodic Central al USMF Nicolae Testemianu,proces-verbal nr. 4 din 17.06.2008

    Autorii: Teodor Lupacu, dr.,confereniar universitar, catedra Anatomia omuluiIlia Catereniuc, dr. hab., profesor universitar, catedra Anatomia omuluiDumitru Batr, dr.,confereniar universitar, catedra Anatomia omuluiLilian Globa, asistent universitar, catedra Anatomia omuluiTamara Hacina, dr.,confereniar universitar, catedra Anatomia omului

    Recenzeni: Emilian Onea, dr.,confereniar universitar, catedra Histologie, Citologie i EmbriologieIon Podubni, dr., profesor universitar, catedra Anatomie topografic i Chirurgie operatorie

  • 3

    Lucrarea nr. 1

    Tema: Elementele de orientare ale corpului uman. Vrsta omului, sH[XO LSDUWLFXODULWLOH OXL LQGLYiduale. Metodele de studiere a anatomiei. Anatomia SHYLX7HUPLQRORJLDDQDWRPLF.

    a. Elementele de orientare ale corpului RPHQHVF SULOH GH FRUS L VHJPHQWHOH ORU, repere RVRDVH FDUWLODJLQRDVH PXVFXODUH FXWDQDWH 1RLXQL JHQHUDOH GHVSUH UHJLRQDOL]DUHD SULORUGHFRUS3R]LLDDQDWRPLF. Planuri, axe, linii.

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Limbajul anatomic. Termeni anatomici de ordin general i de ordin special. Nomenclatura anatomic.

    c. Nomenclatura micrilor segmentelor de corp.d. 0HWRGHGHVWXGLHUHDDQDWRPLHLLQFOXVLYDDQDWRPLHLSHYLXVHQ]RULDOHGLUHFWHLVHQ]RULDOHPHGLDWHVDXFOLQLFHLSDUDFOLQLFH

    e. 1RLXQL GH YkUVW FDOHQGDULVWLF L ELRORJLF VDX PHGLFDO VH[ L SDUWLFXODULWLOHindividuale ale omului. Indicii morfologici ai vrstei biologice.

    Scopul: Familiarizarea cu elementele de orientare ale corpului omenesc, limbajul DQDWRPLF QRPHQFODWXUDPLFULORU VHJPHQWHORU GH FRUS L SXQerea la curent cu PHWRGHOHWUDGLLRQDOHGHH[SORUDUHDQDWRPLFLSHYLXLQRLXQLOHGHYkUVWVH[SDUWLFXODULWL individuale ale corpului omului.

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOH SULYLQG HOHPHQWHOH GH RULHQWDUH DOH FRUSXOXL XPDQ OLPEDMXOanatomic, metodele GH H[SORUDUH DQDWRPLF L SDUWLFXODULWLOH LQGLYLGXDOH GHYkUVW L GH VH[ VXQW QHFHVDUH QX QXPDL SHQWUX SULFHSHUHD L VWXGLHUHD WHPHORUXOWHULRDUHGDULSHQWUXDFWLYDUHDvQGLYHUVHGRPHQLLDOHPHGLFLQLLSUDFWLFH

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. 6HOHFWDL GLQ chestionar (Anexa 1) subiectele, referitoare la tema nU VWXGLDL-OH GXSsursele bibliografice, indicate la finele prezentei culegeriQRWDLWH]HOHPDLLPSRUWDQWH

    2. RHSUH]HQWDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUD ORJLFDFRPSRQHQWHORUtemei.

    3. (ODERUDLFODVLILFDrea elementelor de orientare ale corpului omenesc.

  • 4

    4. $GQRWDLLPDJLQHDGLQILJLQGLFDL SR]LLLOH SULOor de corp, marcate prin linii.

    Fig.1______________________________________________________________

    5. 'HILQLLSR]LLDDQDWRPLF

    6. 3HLPDJLQHDGLQILJLQGLFDLSULOHLVHJPHQWHOHGHFRUS

    Fig.2

  • 5

    7. Pe imaginea din fig.3 LQGLFDLSODQXULOHLGLUHFLLOHPDUFDWHFXVJHLIRUPXODLGHILQLLL

    Fig.3___________________________________________________

    8. ,QGLFDLPLFULOHUHSUH]HQWDWHSULQXUPWRDUHDserie de imagini (fig. 4).

  • 6

    Fig. 49. ([SOLFDL WHUPHQLL VXSHULRU-inferior, median, medial-lateral, proximal-distal, intern-extern,

    superficial-profund, radial-ulnar, fibular-tibial, volar-dorsal, anterior-SRVWHULRU LQGLFDLsinonimele lor.

  • 7

    10. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVXFFLQWHSULYLQG: a) limbajul anatomic; b) metodele de studiere a anatomiei pe viu; c) QRLXQLGHVSUHYkUVW

    11. 6HOHFWDL testele (Anexa 2) referitoare la tema nr.1 LUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    12. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLSULYLQGLQIRUPDLLOHRELQXWHLUROXOORUvQVWXGLXOXOWHULRUDODQDWRPLHL

    13. QWUHEULDSUXWHvQUH]XOWDWXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLnr.1.

    14. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUH SULYLQGFHOHVWXGLDWHRELQXWHvQXUPDGLVFXLLORUDVXSUDWHPHL

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULL (aprecieri, sugestii, recomandDLL

    6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 8

    Lucrarea nr. 2

    Tema: 6FKHOHWXOWUXQFKLXOXL&RORDQDYHUWHEUDOVWUXFWXUDJHQHUDODYHUWHEUHORU

    a. 1RLXQLJHQHUDOHGHVSUHDSDUDWXOORFRPRWRU&RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 2VWHRORJLHJHQHUDO scheletul dur, componentele lui.c. Clasificarea oaselor.d. Structura oaselor.e. 2VXOFDRUJDQLIXQFLLOHOXLf. 'H]YROWDUHDRDVHORULDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDVLVWHPXOXLRVRVg. ,QIOXHQDGLIHULWRUIDFWRULDVXSUDGH]YROWULLLPRGLILFULLSRVWQDWDOHDRDVHORUh. &RPSRQHQWHOHVFKHOHWXOXLWUXQFKLXOXLFRORDQDYHUWHEUDOi. Structura geQHUDODYHUWHEUHORU

    Scopul: )RUPDUHD FRPSHWHQHORU SULFHSHULORU L D GHSULQGHULORU vQ GRPHQLXO RVWHRORJLHLJHQHUDOHLDDQDWRPLHLYHUWHEUHORU

    0RWLYDLD: ,QIRUPDLLOH FH LQ GHPRUIRORJLD VLVWHPXOXL RVRV GH VWUXFWXUD YHUWHEUHORU VXQWnecesare SHQWUX VWXGLHUHD XOWHULRDU D SLHVHORU RVRDVH vQ JHQHUH L D FRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOH vQ VSHFLDO SUHFXP L D DUWLFXODLLORU HL L D PXFKLORU FDUH RLQIOXHQHD]&XQRWLQHOHRELQXWHYRUILLPSRUWDQWHvQWUDXPDWRORJLHQHXURORJLHLPDJLVWLFHWF

    RealizareDOXFUULL:

    1. Din chestionar (Anexa 1VHOHFWDLVXELHFWHOH WHRUHWLFH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHPDQU VWXGLDL-le, QRWDLWH]HOHPDLLPSRUWDQWH

    2. 5HSUH]HQWDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUDORJLFDFRPSRQHQWHORUWHPHL

    3. 'HILQLL QRLXQHD GH VFKHOHW HQXPHUDL FRPSRQHQWHOH VFKHOHWXOXL D[LDO L D VFKHOHWXOXLcomplementar.

  • 9

    4. 5HSURGXFHLGLQ&XOHJHUHDGH VFKHPHVFKHPDFODVLILFULLRDVHORU VDXHODERUDLR VFKHPproprie.

    5. (QXPHUDLLGHILQLLWLSXULOHGHHVXWRVRV

    6. 5HSURGXFHL GLQ Culegerea de scheme sau alte surse schema structurii osteonului, adnotnd-o.

    7. 5HSURGXFHLGLQ&XOHJHUHDGHVFKHPHVDXGLQDOWHVXUVHVFKHPDVWUXFWXULLXQXLRVWXEXODUlung, adnotnd-o.

  • 10

    8. 'XS&XOHJHUHDGH VFKHPH UHSURGXFHL VFKHPDSRULXQLORUXQXLRV WXEXODU OXQJ LQGLFDLsegmentele lui.

    9. (ODERUDLGHILQLLDSHULRVWXOXLLHQXPHUDLVWUDWXULOHOXL

    10. (QXPHUDLWLSXULOHGHPGXYRVRDVLQGLFkQGUROXOHLvQRUJDQLVP

    11. Din chestionar (Anexa 1) selectaLVXELHFWHOHUHIHULWRDUHODWHPDQUDOHJHLGLQFRPSOHWXOGHSLHVHRVRDVHSUHSDUDWHOHSHFDUHWUHEXLHVOHGHPRQVWUDLLVWXGLDL-OHFXDWHQLH

    12. 3H VFKHOHW VDX PXODMXO UHVSHFWLY VWXGLDL VHJPHQWHOH FRORDQHL YHUWHEUDOH YHUWHEUHOHDGHYUDWHIDOVHLFHOHGHWUDQ]LLHLQGLFDL-le pe imaginile din fig. 1

    Fig.1

  • 11

    13.0DUFDLYHUWHEUHOHGLQFRORDQDYHUWHEUDOUHSUH]HQWDWSHLPDJLQHDGLQILJ

    Fig.2

    14. (ODERUDLRFODVLILFDUHDFDUDFWHUHORUPRUIRORJLFHDOHYHUWHEUHORUDGHYUDWH

    15. AOHJHL GLQ FRPSOHWXOGHSLHVHRVRDVHYHUWHEUHOH WLS DUDQMDL-OH vQSR]LLD ORU DQDWRPLF LVWXGLDLFXDWHQLHVWUXFWXUDORU'HPRQVWUDLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHDOHYHUWHEUHORU

  • 0 12

    16. 6FULHLLQGLFDLLOHUHVSHFWLYHSHLPDJLQLOHGLQILJ

    Fig.317. 3HLPDJLQHDGLQILJQRWDLSULOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHXQHLYHUWHEUHGLQVWkQJDILJXULLLUROXOORUIXQFLRQDOGLQGUHDSWD

    Fig.4

    18. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVXFFLQWHSULYLQGDRVXOFDRUJDQLIXQFLLOHOXL; b) dezvoltarea oaselor; c) DQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDVLVWHPXOXLRVRVGLQIOXHQDGLIHULWRUIDFWRULDVXSUDGH]YROWULLLPRGLILFULLSRVWQDWDOHDRDVHORU

    19. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D UHIHULWRDUHODWHPDQULUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    20. FoUPXODLFRQFOX]LLSULYLQGLQIRUPDLLOHRELQXWHLUROXOORUvQVWXGLXOXOWHULRUDODQDWRPLHLLdisciplinelor clinice.

    21. QWUHEULDSUXWHvQUH]XOWDWXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLQU

    22. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHSULYLQGFHOHVWXGLDWHRELQXWHvQXUPDGLVFXLLORUDVXSUDWHPHL

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 13

    Lucrarea nr. 3

    Tema: 3DUWLFXODULWLOHPRUIRORJLFHDOHYHUWHEUHORUGLQGLYHUVHVHJPHQWHDOHFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOH&RORDQDYHUWHEUDOvQDQVDPEOXSDUWLFXODULWLGHYkUVWLGHVH[Explorarea pe viu a vertebrelor.

    a. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHUHJLRQDOHDOHYHUWHEUHORUFHUYLFDOH

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHVWUXFWXUDOHJHQHUDOHLLQGLYLGXDOHDOHYHUWHEUHORUWRUDFLFHc. Vertebrele lombare paUWLFXODULWLOHORUPRUIRORJLFHJHQHUDOHd. 6DFUXOLFRFFLVXO FDUDFWHULVWLFPRUIRORJLFLUROIXQFLRQDOe. &RORDQD YHUWHEUDO vQ DQVDPEOX segmente, curburi, canalul rahidian, orificiile LQWHUYHUWHEUDOHLUROXOORU

    f. 'H]YROWDUHDYHUWHEUHORULDQRPDOLLOe lor de dezvoltare.g. ([SORUDUHDSHYLXDYHUWHEUHORULLPSRUWDQDHLDSOLFDWLY

    6FRSXOLFDUDFWHULVWLFDPRWLYDLRQDODOXFUULL:)RUPDUHDGHSULQGHULORU SULYLQG VHOHFWDUHDYHUWHEUHORU DGHYUDWH L IDOVH VLWXDUHDORUvQSR]LLDDQDWRPLFLVWDELOLUHDORFDOL]ULLORUvQFDGUXOFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOHvQDQVDPEOXLGHQWLILFDUHDHOHPHQWHORU ORUGHVFULSWLYHLGHPRQVWUDUHDLGHQXPLUHDORUFRUHFW LGHQWLILFDUHDYHUWHEUHORUSHYLXSUHFXPLDFRPSHWHQHORUFH LQGHGH]YROWDUHD DFHVWRU RDVH L GHSLVWDUHD DQRPDOLLORU ORU 7RWRGDW ILHFDUH VWXGHQWWUHEXLHVVHvQYHHDGHPRQVWUDSUH]HQWDVDXDH[SXQHvQVFULVPDWHULDOXOVWXGLDW,QIRUPDLLOH UHIHULWRDUH OD PRUIRORJLD YHUWHEUHORU L D FRORDQHL YHUWHEUDOH vQansamblu sunt importante pentru studierea anatomiei topografice, chirurgiei, traumatologiei, neurologiei, radiologiei etc.

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. Din chestionar (Anexa 1VHOHFWDLVXELHFWHOH WHRUHWLFH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHPDQU VWXGLDL-le, QRWDLWH]HOHPDLLPSRUWDQWH

    2. 5HSUH]HQWDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUD ORJLFDWHPHL

    3. 6HOHFWDL GLQ FRPSOHWXO GH SLHVH RVRDVH YHUWHEUHOH GLQ GLYHUVH VHJPHQWH DOH FRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOHVLWXDL-OHvQSR]LLHDQDWRPLFVWXGLDLVWUXFWXUDORU

    4. (QXPHUDLFDUDFWHUHOHPRUIRORJLFHJHQHUDOHUHJLRQDOHLVSHFLDOHDOHYHUWHEUHlor cervicale.

  • 14

    5. $GQRWDLILJGHQXPLLWRDWHHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHLQGLFDWHSULQOLQLLQRWDL-OHSHILJXU

    Fig.1

    6. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHDle piesei osoase, reprezentate n imagine.

    Fig.2

    7. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLLGHQXPLLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHDOHYHUWHEUHLGLQLPDJLQH

    8. (QXPHUDL FDUDFWHUHOH GLVWLQFWLYH DOH YHUWHEUHL FHUYLFDOH VI L GHVFULHL LPSRUWDQD ORUDSOLFDWLY

    Fig.3

  • 15

    9. ,GHQWLILFDL YHUWHEUD UHSUH]HQWDW vQ ILJ DGQRWDL LPDJLQHD L LQGLFDL FDUDFWHUHOHdistinctive.

    10. ([SOLFDLQRLXQHDGHFRPSOH[XQFR-transverso-DUWLFXODULLQGLFDLUROXOOXLIXQFLRQDO

    11. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLLGHQXPLLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHDOHYHUWHEUHORUGLQLPDJine.

    Fig.5

    12. (QXPHUDLFDUDFWHUHOHGLVWLQFWLYHDOHYHUWHEUHORUWRUDFLFH

    13. (QXPHUDLYHUWHEUHOHWRUDFLFHGHWUDQ]LLHLGHVFULHLFDUDFWHUHOHORUGLVWLQFWLYH

    Fig.4

  • 16

    14. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLUHDIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSrin linii.

    Fig.6

    15. (QXPHUDLFDUDFWHUHOHGLVWLQFWLYHDOHYHUWHEUHORUORPEDUH

    16. $GQRWDL ILJ3H LPDJLQLOHGLQHDQRWDLGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORUGHVFULSWLYHPDUFDWHSULQlinii.

  • 17

    Fig.7

    17. 3H ILJ LQGLFDL FXUEXULOH FRORDQHL YHUWHEUDOH QRWDL YkUVWD L VXFFHVLXQHD DSDULLHL ORU,QGLFDLRULILFLLOHLQWHUYHUWHEUDOH

    Fig.8

    Orificii intervertebrale

  • 18

    18. 5HSURGXFHL GLQ &XOHJHUHD GH VFKHPH GLQ PDQXDO VDX DOWH VXUVH VFKHPD FHQWULORr de RVLILFDUHDXQHLYHUWHEUHGHWLSWRUDFLFDGQRWDL-RLLQGLFDLFHQWULL

    19. 'HQXPLLDQRPDOLLOHYHUWHEUHORUUHSUH]HQWDWHvQLPDJLQLOHGLQILJ

    Fig.9 20. (QXPHUDL DQRPDOLLOH YHUWHEUHORU H[LVWHQWH vQ FRPSRQHQD FRPSOHWXOXL GH SLHVH RVRDVH L

    cele demonstrate n muzeul de osteologie sau pe calculator

  • 19

    21. &HUHSUH]LQWDQRPDOLD.LPLUOHWLvQFHFRQVWLPSRUWDQDHLFOLQLF"

    22. (QXPHUDLPHWRGHOHGHH[SORUDUHSHYLXDYHUWHEUHORU

    23. 'HQXPLLOLQLLOHRUizontale, trasate pe imaginea din fig. 10 A LQRWDLYHUWHEUHOHFDUHSRWILLGHQWLILFDWH SH YLX FX DMXWRUXO ORU &RPSDUDL ILJ A cu fig. 10 B SH FDUH QRWDLIRUPDLXQLOHSDOSDELOHSHYLX

    A BFig.10

    24. (QXPHUDL SULOH FRPSRQHQWH DOH YHUWHEUHORU GLQ ILHFDUH VHJPHQW DO FRORDQHL YHUWHEUDOHpalpabile pe viu.

  • 20

    25. 6WXGLDLLGHVFULHLUDGLRJUDPHOHGLYHUVHORUVHJPHQWHDOHFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOH

    26. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVXFFLQWHla temele:x Dezvoltarea vertebrelor.x Anomaliile de dezvoltare a vertebrelor.

    27. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D UHIHULWRDUHODWHPDQUUH]ROYDL-OHLQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    28. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLSULYLQGPDWHULDOHOHVWXGLDWHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    29. &RQWURODLGDFVXQWHLSUHJWLWvQGHDMXQVSHQWUXDSUH]HQWDDH[SXQHvQVFULVLDGHPRQVWUDpe preparate cele studiate.

    30. QWUHEULDSUXWHSHSDUFXUVXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLQU

    31. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHSULYLQGWHPDQURELQXWHvQXUPDGLVFXLLORUGHPRQVWUDLLORU

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 21

    Lucrarea nr. 4

    Tema: 2DVHOH FXWLHL WRUDFLFH7RUDFHOH vQDQVDPEOXSDUWLFXODULWLOH OXLGH YkUVW Lde sex. TipXULOH FRQVWLWXLRQDOH L YDULDQWHOH GH IRUP DOH WRUDFHOXL 2DVHOHcenturii scapulare. Explorarea pe viu a toracelui.

    a. 7LSXULOHFRQVWLWXLRQDOHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 'HILQLLDWRUDFHOXLFRPSRQHQWHOHFXWLHLWRUDFLFH.c. Sternul deILQLLHSR]LLHvQFRUSSRULXQLVWUXFWXUd. Coastele GHILQLLH SR]LLH FODVLILFDUH, VWUXFWXU 3DUWLFXODULWLOHPRUIRORJLFH VSHFLDOH DOHFRDVWHORU,,,;,L;,,

    e. 'H]YROWDUHDLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDFRDVWHORULDVWHUQXOXLf. Toracele n ansDPEOX SDUWLFXODULWLOH GH YkUVW L GH VH[ UROXO OXL IXQFLRQDO 9DULDQWHOHQRUPDOHLSDWRORJLFHDIRUPHLWRUDFHOXL

    g. 6FDSXODLFODYLFXOD SR]LLHDQDWRPLFVWUXFWXUUROIXQFLRQDOh. Explorarea toracelui pe viu.i. Repere osoase ale toracelui.

    Scopul: )RUPDUHD FRPSHWHQHORU SULYLQG VWUXFWXUD L GH]YROWDUHD RDVHORU WRUDFHOXL L DFHQWXULL VFDSXODUHLDGHSULQGHULORUYL]kQG LGHQWLILFDUHD ORUSHVFKHOHWLSHYLXSUHFXP L D SULFHSHULL GH D GHPRQVWUD SUH]HQWD VDX GH D H[SXQH vQ VFULVelementele lor descriptive.

    0RWLYDLD: ,QIRUPDLLOHRELQXWHvQUH]XOWDWXOVWXGLXOXLDVXSUDSUH]HQWHLWHPHYRUILQHFHVDUHOD VWXGLHUHD DOWRU FDSLWROH DOH DQDWRPLHL GDU L SHQWUX RULHQWDUHD SH WRUDFHGHWHUPLQDUHDWRSRJUDILHLRUJDQHORUGLQFDYLWDWHDWRUDFLFH[SORUDUHDORUSHYLXLsunt importante n cardiologie, pulmonologie, hepatologie, chirurgie, WUDXPDWRORJLHLPDJLVWLFHWF

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. Din chestionar (Anexa 1VHOHFWDLVXELHFWHOHWHRUHWLFHUHIHULWRDUHODWHPDQUVWXGLDL-le cu DWHQLHQRWDi tezele mai importante.

    2. 5HSUH]HQWDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUDORJLFDFRPSRQHQWHORUWHPHL

    3. 'HILQLLWRUDFHOHLFXWLDWRUDFLFHQXPHUDLHOHPHQWHOHFRQVWLWXWLYHDOHDFHVWHLD

  • 022

    4. 6HOHFWDLGLQFKHVWLRQDU&RQWUROXOFXQRWLQHORUSUDFWLFHVXELHFWHle, referitoare la tema nr. 4, DOHJHL GLQ FRPSOHWXO GH SLHVH RVRDVH SUHSDUDWHOH FDUH WUHEXLH VWXGLDWH L GHPRQVWUDWHVWXGLDL-OHvQSR]LLDORUDQDWRPLFLFHUFHWDL-OHFXDWHQLHGXSFHLGHQWLILFDL-le pe schelet.

    5. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQH GHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORULQGLFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 1

    6. (QXPHUDL HOHPHQWHOH GHVFULSWLYH DOH VWHUQXOXL SDOSDELOH SH YLX L PHQLRQDL FXP SRW ILidentificate.

    7. 5HSURGXFHL GLQ &XOHJHUHD GH VFKHPH VFKHPD FHQWULORU GH RVLILFDUH D VWHUQXOXL LQGLFDLdenumirea lor.

  • 23

    8. (ODERUDLLUHSURGXFHLRVFKHPDFODVLILFULLFRDVWHORULQGLFDLFRDVWHOHFDUHIDFSDUWHGLQfiecare grup.

    9. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLHOHPHQWHOHVWUXFWXUDOHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 2

    10. (QXPHUDLFDUDFWHUHOHSDUWLFXODUHDOHFRDVWHORUDWLSLFH,,,;,;,,VSHFLILFHSHQWUXILHFDUHdin ele.

  • 24

    11. $GQRWDLILJGHQXPLLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHLQGLFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.3

    12. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.4

  • 25

    13. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLIRUPDLXQLOHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.5

    14. 1XPLLLFDUDFWHUL]DLIRUPHOHFRQVWLWXLRQDOHDOHWRUDFHOXLLGHIRUPULOHOXL

    15. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLFHUHSUH]LQWLPDJLQLOH$%&

    Fig.6

  • 26

    16. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLFHUHSUH]LQWLPDJLQLOHGLQHD

    17. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLIRUPDLXQLOHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.8

    Aspect superior

    Aspect anterior

    Aspect inferior

    Fig.7

  • 27

    18. $GQRWDL ILJ LQGLFDL FH UHSUH]LQW LPDJLQLOH $ % & QRWDL SH LPDJLQL GHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.9

    19. 5HSURGXFHLGLQ&XOHJHUHDGHVFKHPHVFKHPDFHQWULORUGHRVLILFDUHDscapulei.

  • 28

    20. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLGHQXPLUHDIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    21. (QXPHUDLHOHPHQWHOHGHVFULSWLYHDOHFRDVWHORULRDVHORUFHQWXULLVFDSXODUHSDOSDELOHSHYLX

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    23. 'HVFULHLUDGLRJUDPDWRUDFHOXL

    24. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVXFFLQWHODWHPHOHx 7LSXULOHFRQVWLWXLRQDOHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLYx 'H]YROWDUHDLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDFRDVWHORULDVWHrnului.

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    27. &RQWURODL-YDELOLWLOHSULYLQGGHPRQVWUDUHDSUH]HQWDUHDRUDOVDXvQVFULs a celor studiate.

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  • 29

    Lucrarea nr. 5

    Tema: Scheletul membrului superior liber. Explorarea pe viu a oaselor membrului superior.

    a. Segmentele scheletului membrului superior.&RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Humerusul SR]LLDDQDWRPLFSRULXQLVWUXFWXUc. 2DVHOHDQWHEUDXOXL SR]LLHDQDWRPLFSRULXQLVWUXFWXUORFDOL]DUHd. Scheletul minii - VHJPHQWHSR]LLHDQDWRPLFVWUXFWXUORFDOL]DUHe. Dezvoltarea oaselor membrului superior, anomalii de dezvoltare.f. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHGHYkUVWLGHVH[DOHRDVHORUPHPEUXOXLVXSHULRUg. PartiFXODULWLOHPRUIRIXQFLRQDOHDOHVFKHOHWXOXLPHPEUXOXLVXSHULRUh. Explorarea pe viu a oaselor membrului superior.

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  • 30

    5. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHUHVSHFWLYH

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  • 31

    8. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORUGHVFULSWLYHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

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  • 032

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  • 33

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  • 34

    14. ,QGLFDLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDRDVHORUPHPEUXOXLVXSHULRUREVHUYDWHODSUHSDUDWHOHGLQcompletul de oase, schelet sau n muzeul anatomic.

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    19. 3URQXQDL-YFXSULYLUHODXWLOL]DUHDVLQWDJPHORUPHPEUHVXSHULRDUHPHPEUHLQIHULRDUHmembre toracice, membre pelviene.

  • 35

    20. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVXFFLQWHODWHPHOHx Dezvoltarea oaselor membrului superior, anomalii de dezvoltare.x 3DUWLFXODULWLOHGHYkUVWLGHVH[DOHRDVHORUPHPEUXOXLVXSHULRUx 3DUWLFXODULWLOHPRUIRIXQFLRQDOHDOHVFKHOHWXOXLPHPEUXOXLVXSHULRU

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  • 36

    Lucrarea nr. 6

    Tema: Oasele centurii pelviene. Femurul.

    a. Segmentele scheletului membrului inferior.

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Coxalul SR]LLHDQDWRPLFFRPSRQHQWHVWUXFWXUc. Femurul SR]LLHDQDWRPLFSRULXQLVWUXFWXUd. 'H]YROWDUHDRDVHORUFHQWXULLSHOYLHQHLDIHPXUXOXLLDQRPDOLLOHORUGHGH]YROWare.e. %D]LQXORVRVvQDQVDPEOXSDUWLFXODULWLOHGHYkUVWLGHVH[DOHRDVHORUED]LQXOXLf. ([SORUDUHDSHYLXDRDVHORUED]LQXOXLLDIHPXUXOXLg. 5HSHUHOHRVRDVHDOHED]LQXOXLLIHPXUXOXLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

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  • 37

    4. $GQRWDLILJFRPSOHWDLLPDJLQHDFXGHQXPLULOe respective.

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    6. 'HVFULHLSR]LLDDQDWRPLFDFR[DOXOXL

  • 38

    7. $GQRWDLILJFRPSOHWDLLPDJLQLOHFXGHQXPLUHDIRUPDLXQLORU, marcate prin linii.A B

    C

    Fig. 2

  • 39

    8. 'HVFULHLSR]LLDDQDWRPLFDIHPXUXOXL

    9. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHelementelor descriptive, marcate prin linii.

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  • 40

    10. $GQRWDLILJFRPSOHWDLLPDJLQHDFXGHQXPLULOHUHVSHFWLYHLQGLFDLYkUVWDDSUR[LPDWLYDpacientului.

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  • 41

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  • 042

    17. 'HVFULHLUDGLRJUDPDED]LQXOXL

    18. (QXPHUDL HOHPHQWHOH GHVFULSWLYH DOH RDVHORU ED]LQXOXL L DOH IHPXUXOXL SDOpabile pe viu. ,QGLFDLORFDOL]DUHDSHYLXDUHSHUHORURVRDVHDOHROGXOXLLFRDSVHL

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  • 43

    Lucrarea nr. 7

    Tema: 2DVHOHJDPEHLLDOHSLFLRUXOXL.

    a. 7LELDLILEXOD SR]LLHDQDWRPLFORFDOL]DUHVWUXFWXU

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 6FKHOHWXOSLFLRUXOXLFRPSRQHQWHORFDOL]DUHSR]LLHDQDWRPLFVWUXFWXUc. Dezvoltarea oaselor JDPEHLLSLFLRUXOXLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHd. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHGHYkUVWLGHVH[DOHRDVHORUJDPEHLLSLFLRUXOXLe. 6FKHOHWXOSLFLRUXOXLvQDQVDPEOXSXQFWHOHGHVSULMLQEROLOHDUFXULOHf. ([SORUDUHDSHYLXDRDVHORUJDPEHLLSLFLRUXOXLg. Reperele osRDVHDOHJDPEHLLSLFLRUXOXLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLYh. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHPRUIRIXQFLRQDOHDOHVFKHOHWXOXLPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRU

    Scopul: ,QRFXODUHD FXQRWLQHORU GHVSUH VWUXFWXUD GH]YROWDUHD DQRPDOLLOH VSHFLILFXOYkUVWHL L VH[XOXL H[SORUDUHD SH YLX D RDVHORU JDPEHL L SLFLRUXOXL L HGXFDUHDGHSULQGHULORUGHDOHLGHQWLILFDDUDQMDvQSR]LLHDQDWRPLFDSUHFLDORFDOL]DUHDORUvQFRUSSHVFKHOHWLUDGLRJUDPHSUHFXPLGHDGHVFULHLGHPRQVWUDHOHPHQWHOHlor constitutive.

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  • 44

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  • 45

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  • 46

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  • 47

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  • 48

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  • 49

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    22. Care ar fi concluziile privind materialele studiate?

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  • 50

    Lucrarea nr. 8

    Tema: Craniul JHQHUDOLWL FRPSRQHQWHOH L FRPSDUWLPHQWHOH OXL2DVHOHFUDQLXOXLcerebral frontalul, occLSLWDOXOLSDULHWDOXO VWUXFWXUH[SORUDUHSHYLX

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  • 51

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  • 052

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  • 53

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  • 54

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  • 55

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    14. ,QGLFDLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDIURQWDOXOXLRFFLSLWDOXOXLLSDULHWDOXOXLUHSUH]HQWDWHSULQimaginile din fig. 9.

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  • 56

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    16. (ODERUDLXQUHIHUDWVXFFLQWODWHPD3DUWLFXODULWLOHVWUXFWXUDOHDOHRaselor craniului.

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    18. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLUHIHULWRDUHODWHPDVWXGLDWLQGLFDLLPSRUWDQDDSOLFDWLYDIRUPDLXQLORUcercetate.

    19. &RQWURODL-YSULFHSHULOHSULYLQGGHPRQVWUDUHDLUHODWDUHDFHORUVWXGLDWH

    20. QWUHEULUHIHULWRDUHODWHP

    21. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHRELQXWHvQXUPDFRQWUROXOXLGHFWUHSURIHVRUVDXDGLVFXLLORUDVXSUDtemei.

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 57

    Lucrarea nr. 9

    Tema: Oasele craniului cerebral VIHQRLGXOLHWPRLGXO VWUXFWXUH[SORUDUHSHYLX

    a. Osul sfenoid DH]DUHSULFRQVWLWXWLYHSR]LLHDQDWRPLFVWUXFWXUUROIXQFLRQDO

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Etmoidul ORFDOL]DUH vQFUDQLXSUL FRPSRQHQWHSR]LLHDQDWRPLF VWUXFWXU UROXO OXL vQcraniu.

    c. Sinusurile paranazale frontal, sfenoid, etmoid ORFDOL]DUHFRPXQLFULUROIXQFLRQDOd. &HQWULLGHRVLILFDUHDVIHQRLGXOXLLHWPRLGXOXLWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLLFRntopirii lor.e. $QRPDOLLGHGH]YROWDUHDRVXOXLVIHQRLGLDRVXOXLHWPRLGf. ([SORUDUHDSHYLXDVIHQRLGXOXLLHWPRLGXOXL

    Scopul: )RUPDUHD FRPSHWHQHORU SULYLQG ORFDOL]DUHD vQ FUDQLX SR]LLD DQDWRPLF SULOHFRPSRQHQWH UROXO IXQFLRQDODO VIHQRLGXOXL L HWPRLGXOXL L DDELOLWLORUGHD OHLGHQWLILFDDH]DvQSR]LLHDQDWRPLFGHVFULHLGHPRQVWUDVWUXFWXUDLH[SORUDUHDlor pe viu.

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHPDGDWYRU ILXWLOH vQ VWXGLXOXOWHULRUDO DQDWRPLHLtraumatologiei, neurologiei, otorinolaringologiei, imagisticii.

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. 6HOHFWDL GLQ FKHVWLRQDU Anexa 1 VXELHFWHOH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHP FRQIUXQWDL-le cu FRPSRQHQWHOHWHPHLVWXGLDL-OHHIHFWXDLQRWLH

    2. QWRFPLLLSUH]HQWDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUDORJLFa componentelor temei.

    3. )RUPXODLGHILQLLDVLQXVXULORUSDUDQD]DOH

    4. 3HFUDQLXOvQDQVDPEOXFRPSOH[HGHRDVHDOHDFHVWXLDVDXRDVHVHSDUDWHVWXGLDLORFDOL]DUHDSR]LLDDQDWRPLFSULOHFRPSRQHQWHVWUXFWXUDVIHQRLGXOXLLHWPRLGului. n conformitate cu chestionarul (Anexa1LGHQWLILFDLHOHPHQWHOHORUGHVFULSWLYHLQFOXVLYFHOHH[SORUDELOHSHYLX.

  • 58

    5. (QXPHUDLSULOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHVIHQRLGXOXLLRDVHOHFXFDUHHOFRQWDFWHD]

    6. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLSHLPDJLQLGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Fig.1

  • 59

    7. (QXPHUDLSULOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHHWPRLGXOXLLRDVHOHFXFDUHDUHUDSRUWXUL

    8. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQLGHQXPLUHDVWUXFWXULORULQGLFDWHSULQOLQLLA B

    C D

    Fig. 2

  • 60

    9. (QXPHUDLFRPXQLFULOHVLQXVXULORUIURQWDOVIHQRLGHWPRLGLLQGLFDLWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLORU.

    10. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLSHVFKHPDGDWORFDOL]DUHDVLQXVXULORUIURQWDOVIHQRLGHWPRLG

    11. IdenWLILFDLSHUDGLRJUDPDFUDQLXOXLORFDOL]DUHDVLQXVXULORUSDUDQD]DOHGHVFULHL-le.

    12. ,QGLFDLUROXOIXQFLRQDOLLPSRUWDQDDSOLFDWLYDVLQXVXULORUSDUDQD]DOH.

    13. 5HSURGXFHL GLQ &XOHJHUHD GH VFKHPH VFKHPD FHQWULORU GH RVLILFDUH D RVXOXL Vfenoid, LQGLFDLWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLLFRQWRSLULLORU

    Fig. 3

  • 61

    14. (QXPHUDLPHWRGHOH GH H[SORUDUH SH YLX D VIHQRLGXOXL L HWPRLGXOXL QRWDL HOHPHQWHOH ORUdescriptive, palpabile pe viu.

    15. (ODERUDLXQPLFUHIHUDWODWHPD$QRPDOLLGHGH]YROWDUHDRDVHORUVIHQRLGLHWPRLG

    16. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOHAnexa 2UHIHULWRDUHODWHPUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    17. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODPDWHULDOHOHVWXGLDWHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    18. &RQWURODL-YDELOLWDWHDGH DGHPRQVWUDLUHODWDFHOHVWXGLDWH

    19. QWUHEULUHIHULWRDUHODWHP

    20. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHFXSULYLUHODWHPDGDW

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL

    6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 062

    Lucrarea nr. 10

    Tema: Osul temporal VWUXFWXULH[SORUDUHSHYLX

    a. /RFDOL]DUHDvQFUDQLXSR]LLDDQDWRPLFLUROXOIXQFLRQDODORVXOXLWHPSRUDO

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 3RULXQLOHFRQVWLWXWLYHDOHWHPSRUDOXOXLSR]LLDORUvQFDGUXORVXOXLc. Solzul DH]DUHIHHPDUJLQLVWUXFWXUd. 3RULXQHDSHWURPDVWRLGLDQ VWkQFDSLUDPLGDLDSRIL]DPDVWRLGLDQ ORFDOL]DUHVWUXFWXUWLSXULOHDSRIL]HLPDVWRLGLHQHWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLFHOXOHORUPDVWRLGLHQH

    e. 3RULXQHDWLPSDQLF DH]DUHVWUXFWXUf. &DYLWLOHLFDQDOHOHRVXOXLWHPSRUal.g. Explorarea pe viu a temporalului.

    Scopul: ,QRFXODUHD FXQRWLQHORU GHVSUH ORFDOL]DUHD SULOH FRPSRQHQWH L VWUXFWXUDWHPSRUDOXOXLSUHFXPLIRUPDUHDGHSULQGHULORUGHDLGHQWLILFDRVXOLSULOHFDUHvODOFWXLHVFLDOVLWXDvQSR]LLHDQDWRPLFDGHVFULHLGHPRQVWUDHOHPHQWHOHOXLVWUXFWXUDOHLDOHH[SORUDSHYLX

    0RWLYDLD: 3ULFHSHUHD PRUIRORJLHL WHPSRUDOXOXL HVWH LQGLVSHQVDELO VWXGLHULL DQDWRPLHLRUJDQXOXL YHVWLEXORFKRKOHDU ILLQG WRWRGDW H[WUHP GH LPSRUWDQW SHQWUXtraumatologie, neuURORJLH LPDJLVWLF L vQ VSHFLDO SHQWUX RWRULQRODULQJRORJLH(tratamentul chirurgical al otitelor, mastoiditelor etc.).

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. Din chestionar (Anexa 1 VHOHFWDL VXELHFWHOH FDUH VH UHIHU OD PRUIRORJLD WHPSRUDOXOXLFRPSDUDL-le cu subtemHOHGHPDLVXVVWXGLDL-OHIDFHLQRWLH

    2. (ODERUDLLUHGDLJUDILFVWUXFWXUDORJLFDVXEWHPHORU

    3. )RUPXODLRGHILQLLHDWHPSRUDOXOXLLQGLFDLUROXOOXLIXQFLRQDO

    4. 3H SLHVH RVRDVH VHSDUDWH L FUDQLXO vQ DQVDPEOX VWXGLDL ORFDOL]DUHD SR]LLD DQDWRPLFSRULXQLOH L VWUXFWXUD WHPSRUDOXOXL ,GHQWLILFDL HOHPHQWHOH GHVFULSWLYH vQ FRQIRUPLWDWH FXchestionarul (Anexa 1).

  • 63

    5. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLSHLPDJLQHRDVHOHFXFDUHWHPSRUDOXODUHUDSRUWXUL

    Fig.1

    6. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLGHQXPLULOHSRULXQLORUFRPSRQHQWHDOHWHPSRUDOXOXL

    Fig. 2

  • 64

    7. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHVWUXFWXULORULQGLFDWHSULQOLQLLLFLIUH

    A

    B

    C D

    Fig. 3

  • 65

    8. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLODWHUDOGHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 4

    9. (QXPHUDLWLSXULOHVWUXFWXUDOHDOHDSRIL]HLPDVWRLGLHQH.

    10. 1RWDLWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLFHOXOHORUPDVWRLGLHQH

    11. (QXPHUDL PHWRGHOH GH H[SORUDUH SH YLX D WHPSRUDOXOXL QRWDL HOHPHQWHOH OXL VWUXFWXUDOHpalpabile pe viu.

  • 66

    12. 'HVFULHLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDOHRVXOXLWHPSRUDO

    13. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[DUHIHULWRDUHODWHPUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    14. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODWHPDVWXGLDWLLPSRUWDQDHLDSOLFDWLY

    15. &RQWURODL-YJUDGXOGHSUHJWLUHSHQWUXDGHPRQVWUDLSUH]HQWDPDWHULDOXOVWXGLDW

    16. QWUHEULUHIHULWRDUHODWHP

    17. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHFXSULYLUHODWHPDGDW

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL

    6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 67

    Lucrarea nr. 11

    Tema: Oasele craniului facial VWUXFWXULH[SORUDUHSHYLX

    a. Craniul facial (viscerocraniul) componente, rROIXQFLRQDO

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Maxila ORFDOL]DUHSR]LLHDQDWRPLFSULFRQVWLWXWLYHVWUXFWXUc. Osul palatin DH]DUHSR]LLHDQDWRPLFSULFRPSRQHQWHVWUXFWXUd. Mandibula ORFDOL]DUHvQFUDQLXSR]LLHDQDWRPLFSULOHDOFWXLWRDUHVWUXFWXUGH]YROWDUHe. Oasele mici ale craniului facial zigomatic, nazal, lacrimal, cornetul nazal inferior, vomerul,

    hioidul ORFDOL]DUHFRQIRUPDLHH[WHUQVWUXFWXUf. Sinusul maxilar ORFDOL]DUHUROIXQFLRQDOLDSOLFDWLYg. Explorarea pe viu a oaselor craniului facial.

    Scopul: )RUPDUHD FRPSHWHQHORU SULYLQG ORFDOL]DUHD FRPSRQHQD SR]LLD DQDWRPLFVWUXFWXUDRDVHORUYLVFHURFUDQLXOXLLDGHSULQGHULORUGHD OHGHVFULHGHPRQVWUDLexplora pe viu..

    0RWLYDLD: ,QIRUPDLLOH L DELOLWLOH RELQXWH vQ UH]XOWDWXO UHDOL]ULL SUH]HQWHL OXFUUL VXQWLPSRUWDQWH SHQWUX FKLUXUJLD PD[LORIDFLDO VWRPDWRORJLH WUDXPDWRORJLH 25/RIWDOPRORJLHLPDJLVWLFHWF

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. &RQVXOWDL FKHVWLRQDUXO Anexa 1 VHOHFWDL VXELHFWHOH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHP FRPSDUDL-le cu suEWHPHOHGHPDLVXVFRPSOHWDL-OHVWXGLDL-OHFXDWHQLHQRWDLHOHPHQWHOHPDLLPSRUWDQWH

    2. &RQVWUXLLJUDILFVWUXFWXULORJLFHSHQWUXILHFDUHVXEWHP

    3. (QXPHUDLRDVHOHFUDQLXOXLIDFLDOLQGLFDLUROXOOXLIXQFLRQDO

    4. Pe piese osoasH VHSDUDWH FRPSOH[H GH RDVH DOH FUDQLXOXL IDFLDO L SH FUDQLXO vQ DQVDPEOXVWXGLDL SR]LLD DQDWRPLF ORFDOL]DUHD L VWUXFWXUD ILHFUXL RV vQ SDUWH ,GHQWLILFDL SHpreparate toate elementele descriptive, enumerate n chestionar (Anexa 1).

  • 68

    5. 'HVFULHL ORFDOL]DUHD SR]LLD DQDWRPLF L UDSRUWXULOH PD[LOHL HQXPHUDL SULOH HLcomponente.

    6. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQLGHQXPLULOHVWUXFWXULORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLLA B

    C

    Fig.1

  • 69

    7. (QXPHUDLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDPD[LOHL'HVFULHLLPDJLQLOHGLQILJA B C

    Fig. 2

    8. (QXPHUDLSULOHFRPSRQHQWHDOHRVXOXLSDODWLQ

    9. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORULQGLFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 3

  • 70

    10. (QXPHUDL SULOH FRPSRQHQWH DOH PDQGLEXOHL 'HVFULHL ORFDOL]DUHD HL SR]LLD DQDWRPLFraporturile cu alte oase ale craniului.

    11. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORUHYLGHQLDWHGLQLPDJLQL.A B

    C

    Fig. 4

    12. 5HSURGXFHLGLQ&XOHJHUHDGHVFKHPHVFKHPDFHQWULORUGHRVLILFDUHDPDQGLEXOHL.

  • 71

    13. &RPSDUDL LPDJLQLOH GLQ ILJ QRWDL SDUWLFXODULWLOH VWUXFWXUDOH DOHPDQGLEXOHL vQ GLYHUVHpHULRDGHGHYkUVW

    14. 'HVFULHL RDVHOH SUH]HQWDWH SULQ LPDJLQLOH GLQ ILJ QRWDL GHQXPLULOH HOHPHQWHORU ORUdescriptive.

    A B

    C D E

    Fig.6

    n-n

    3 ani

    6 ani

    Adult

    Edentat

    Fig. 5

  • 072

    15. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLORFDOL]DUHDLSULOHFRPSRQHQWe ale piesei osoase din imagine.

    16. ,QGLFDLWHUPHQLLDSDULLHLVLQXVXOXLPD[LODUPRGLILFULOHOXLvQGLYHUVHSHULRDGHGHYkUVWLLPSRUWDQDOXLDSOLFDWLY

    17. 1XPLL PHWRGHOH GH H[SORUDUH SH YLX D RDVHORU FUDQLXOXL IDFLDO LQGLFDL elementele lor descriptive palpabile pe viu.

    18. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D)UHIHULWRDUHODWHPUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    19. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODWHPDVWXGLDWLLPSRUWDQDHLDSOLFDWLY

    20. &RQWURODL-YDELOLWDWHDGHDGHPRQVWUDLSUH]HQWDPDWHULDOXOVWXGLDW

    21. QWUHEULUHIHULWRDUHODWHP

    22. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHFXSULYLUHODWHPDGDW

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

    Fig.7

  • 73

    Lucrarea nr. 12

    Tema: Craniul n ansamblu.

    a. &UDQLXOFHUHEUDOLFUDQLXOIDFLDO GHILQLLLUROIXQFLRQDOGHOLPLWUL

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Bolta craniului GHILQLLH SURLHFLD OLQLHL OLPLWURIH GLQWUH HD L ED]D FUDQLXOXL RDVHOHFRPSRQHQWHIHHVXWXULUHOLHI

    c. Baza craniului defiQLLHRDVHOHFRPSRQHQWHHQGRED]DLH[RED]DIRVHHWDMHUHOLHId. Orbita ORFDOL]DUHSHUHLUHOLHIFRPXQLFULe. &DYLWDWHDQD]DO ORFDOL]DUHSHUHLFRPSDUWLPHQWHFRPXQLFULf. )RVHOHWHPSRUDOLQIUDWHPSRUDOSWHULJRSDODWLQ SHUHLFRPXQLFUL

    Scopul: )DPLOLDUL]DUHDFX WRSRJUDILDFUDQLXOXL vQDQVDPEOXLFXFHDDFRPSDUWLPHQWHORUOXL vQ VSHFLDO L IRUPDUHD GHSULQGHULORU SULYLQG GHVFULHUHD L GHPRQVWUDUHDelementelor structurale care le compun.

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOHLGHSULQGHULOHGREkQGLWHvQUH]XOWDWXOUHDOL]ULLDFWXDOHLOXFUULYRUILXWLOH SHQWUX VWXGLHUHD XOWHULRDU D DQDWRPLHL VLVWHPLFH L FOLQLFH D FDSXOXL L DRUJDQHORU ORFDOL]DWH OD QLYHOXO OXL SUHFXP L D QHXURORJLHL FKLUXUJLHL PD[LOR-faciale, oftalmologiei, ORL, imagisticii etc.

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. 6HOHFWDLGLQFKHVWLRQDUAnexa 1VXELHFWHOHUHIHULWRDUHODWHPFRPSDUDL-OHFXFRQLQXWXOWHPHLVWXGLDL-OHQRWDLWH]HOHLPSRUWDQWH

    2. (ODERUDLVWUXFWXULORJLFHSHQWUXILHFDUHVXEWHPUHSUH]HQWDL-le grafic.

    3. PHFUDQLXOvQDQVDPEOXED]HLVHFLXQLVDJLWDOHLIURQWDOHDOHDFHVWXLDVWXGLDLIRUPDLXQLOHLQGLFDWHvQFRQLQXWXOWHPHLLvQFKHVWLRQDUAnexa 1).

    4. (QXPHUDLIRUPDLXQLOHFDUHDOFWXLHVFOLQLDOLPLWURIGLQWUHED]DFUDQLXOXLLFDOYDULDOXL

  • 74

    5. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHVWUXFWXULORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig.1

    6. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORUPDUFDWH

    Fig. 2

    7. 1RWDLIRUPDLXQLOHFDUHVHSDUIRVHOHHQGRED]HLFUaniului una de alta.

  • 75

    8. (QXPHUDL RDVHOH VDX SULOH ORU FRPSRQHQWH FDUH SDUWLFLS OD IRUPDUHD IRVHORU DQWHULRDUPHGLHLSRVWHULRDUDHQGRED]HLFUDQLXOXL

    9. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLIRVHOHHQGRED]HLFUDQLXOXLLRDVHOHFDUHOHIRUPHD].

    Fig. 3

    10. (QXPHUDL FRPXQLFULOH IRVHORU HQGRED]HL FUDQLXOXL LQGLFDL IRUPDLXQLOH QHXURYDVFXODUHcare trec prin ele.

  • 76

    11. 1XPLLUHJLXQLOHH[RED]HLFUDQLXOXLLQGLFDLOLQLLOHORUGHGHPDUFDLH

    12. $GQRWDLILJGHQXPLLHOHPHQWHOHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 4

    13. (QXPHUDL SHUHLL RUELWHL LQGLFDL RDVHOH VDX SRULXQLOH GH RDVH FDUH vL IRUPHD] LFRPXQLFULOHFXFRQLQXWXOORU

  • 77

    14. $GQRWDLILJGHQXPLLHOHPHQWHOHLQGLFDWHSULQOLQLL.

    Fig.5

    15. 'HVFULHLVWUXFWXUDSHUHLORUFDYLWLLQD]DOHFRPSDUWLPHQWHOHLFRPXQLFULOHORU

    16. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLGHQXPLULOHHOHPHQWHORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLLA B

    Fig.6

  • 78

    17. 'HVFULHLGHOLPLWULOHIRVHORUWHPSRUDO LLQIUDWHPSRUDOQRWDLFRPXQLFULOHORU

    18. 'HVFULHLSHUHLLIRVHLSWHULJRSDODWLQHHQXPHUDLFRPXQLFULOHHLLLQGLFDLIRUPDLXQLOHFDUHtrec prin ele.

    19. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D)UHIHULWRDUHODWHPUH]ROYDL-OHQRWDLUH]ultatele.

    20. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODWHPDVWXGLDWLLPSRUWDQDHLDSOLFDWLY

    21. &RQWURODL-YDELOLWDWHDGHDGHPRQVWUDLSUH]HQWDPDWHULDOXOVWXGLDW

    22. QWUHEULUHIHULWRDUHODWHP

    23. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHFXSULYLUHODWHPD GDW

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL

    6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

  • 79

    Lucrarea nr. 13

    Tema: 3DUWLFXODULWLOH PRUIRORJLFH LQGLYLGXDOH GH YkUVW L GH VH[ DOH FUDQLXOXLexplorarea lui pe viu.

    a. DezYROWDUHDFUDQLXOXLFHUHEUDOLYLVFHUDO

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. Craniul nou-QVFXWXOXLLPRGLILFULOHOXLSRVWQDWDOHSDUWLFXODULWLGHYkUVWDOHFUDQLXOXLc. Arhitectura craniului OLQLL VWkOSLL DUFXUL FSULRUL GH UH]LVWHQ LPSRUWDQD ORUIXQFLRQDOLDSOLFDWLY

    d. Explorarea pe viu a craniului.e. 1RLXQLJHQHUDOHGHVSUHFUDQLRPHWULHSXQFWHFUDQLRPHWULFHLQGLFLFUDQLHQLf. 3DUWLFXODULWLFRQVWLWXLRQDOHUDVLDOHGHVH[LLQGLYLGXDOHDOHFUDQLXOXLg. Cranii asimetrice, deformate natural sau artificial, oase suturare (vormLHQHLIRQWLFXODUH

    Scopul: 3XQHUHD OD FXUHQW FX LQIRUPDLLOHGHVSUHSDUWLFXODULWLOH LQGLYLGXDOH LPHWRGHOHGHH[SORUDUHDFUDQLXOXLIRUPDUHDFXQRWLQHORUSULYLQGDUKLWHFWXUDGH]YROWDUHDLPRGLILFULOH OXL SRVWQDWDOH SUHFXP L D GHSULQGHULORU FH LQ GH GHVFULHUHD LGHPRQVWUDUHD SH SUHSDUDWH UDGLRJUDPH L SH YLX D HOHPHQWHORU VWUXFWXUDOH DOHacestuia.

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOHLGHSULQGHULOHPHQLRQDWHVXQWQHFHVDUHSHQWUXVWXGLHUHDXOWHULRDUDpediatriei, obstetricii, traumatologiei, neuroORJLHL LPDJLVWLFLL L vQVXLUHDPHWRGHORUGHH[SORUDUHDQWURSRPHWULF

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:

    1. 6HOHFWDLGLQFKHVWLRQDUAnexa 1VXELHFWHOHUHIHULWRDUHODWHPFRPSDUDL-le cu subtemele GHPDLVXVVWXGLDL-OHQRWDLWH]HOHLPSRUWDQWH

    2. &RQVWUXLLVWUXFWXULORJLFHSHQWUXILHFDUHVXEWHPUHSUH]HQWDL-le grafic.

  • 80

    3. $GQRWDLILJQRWDLIRUPDLXQLOHPDUFDWHSULQOLQLLA B

    C D

    EFig.1

  • 81

    4. (QXPHUDLSDUWLFXODULWLOHVWUXFWXUDOHDOHFUDQLXOXLODSHUVRDQHOHGHYkUVWvQDLQWDW

    5. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLSHLPDJLQLGHQXPLULOHUHVSHFWLYHA B C

    D E F G

    Fig. 2

    6. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLSXQFWHOHFUDQLRPHWULFHFig.3

  • 082

    7. (QXPHUDL IRUPHOH FRQVWLWXLRQDOH DOH FUDQLXOXL LQGLFDL LQGLFLL FUDQLHQL FDUH OHFDUDFWHUL]HD]

    8. $GQRWDLILJH[SOLFDLLPDJLQLOHGLQHDA B

    Fig. 4

    9. $GQRWDLILJ H[SOLFDLFHGHPRQVWUHD]LPDJLQLOHGLQHD

    A B CFig.5

  • 83

    10. 'HVFULHLIRUPHOHGHDVLPHWULHDFUDQLXOXLSUH]HQWDWHvQILJ

    A B

    C D

    E F GFig.6

    11. 'HVFULHLRDVHOHVXWXUDUHLIRQWLFXODUHGLQFROHFLDPX]HXOXLFDWHGUHL

  • 84

    12. 'HVFULHL UDGLRJUDPHOH FUDQLXOXL vQ SURLHFLH DQWHURSRVWHULRDU L ODWHUDO HQXPHUDLelementele structurale ale craniului, palpabile pe viu.

    13. (ODERUDLXQVFXUWUHIHUDWODWHPD'H]YROWDUHDFUDQLXOXL.

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  • 85

    Lucrarea nr. 15

    Tema: $UWURVLQGHVPRORJLH JHQHUDO /HJWXULOH Raselor craniului clasificare, VWUXFWXUH[SORUDUHSHYLX

    a. 5ROXOOHJWXULORUGLQWUHRDVHvQFDGUXODSDUDWXOXLGHVXVLQHUHLPLFDUH&RQLQXWXOWHPHL

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  • 86

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  • 88

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  • 89

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  • 90

    18. EQXPHUDLSDUWLFXODULWLOHFDUHFDUDFWHUL]HD]DUWLFXODLDWHPSRURPDQGLEXODU.

    19. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D), referitoare la tema nr. 15, rH]ROYDL-OHLQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    20. &RQWURODL-YJUDGXOGHSUHJWLUHSHQWUXDUHODWDLGHPRQVWUD cele studiate.

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  • 91

    Lucrarea nr. 16

    Tema: $UWLFXODLLOH FRORDQHL YHUWHEUDOH VWUXFWXU PLFUL &RORDQD YHUWHEUDO vQansamblu, explorarea ei pe viu.

    a. &ODVLILFDUHDMRQFLXQLORUFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOH&RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. /HJWXULOHGLQWUHFRUSXULOHYHUWHEUHORUc. /HJWXULOHGLQWUH arcurile vertebrelor.d. $UWLFXODLLOHFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOHFXFUDQLXOe. &RORDQDYHUWHEUDOvQDQVDPEOXUROXOHLIXQFLRQDOf. 3DUWLFXODULWLOHGHYkUVWDFRORDQHLYHUWHEUDOHg. Explorarea pe viu a coloanei vertebrale.

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  • 092

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  • 93

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  • 94

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  • 95

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  • 96

    Lucrarea nr. 17

    Tema: $UWLFXODLLOH WRUDFHOXL FODVLILFDUH VWUXFWXU IXQFLL 7RUDFHOH vQ DQVDPEOX$UWLFXODLLOHFHQWXULLVFDSXODUH VWUXFWXUPLFULH[SORUDUHSHYLX

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  • 97

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  • 101

    Lucrarea nr. 18

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    26. )RUPXODL FRQFOX]LL UHIHULWRU OD LQIRUPDLLOH RELQXWH L UROXO ORU vQ VWXGLXO GLVFLSOLQHORUIXQGDPHQWDOHLFOLQLFH.

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  • 0108

    Lucrarea nr. 19

    Tema: $UWLFXODLLOH FHQWXULL SHOYLHQH VWUXFWXU IXQFLH %D]LQXO vQ DQVDPEOX FRPSDUWLPHQWH SDUWLFXODULWL GH VH[ GLPHQVLXQL H[SORUDUH SH YLX $UWLFXODLDROGXOXL structuUIXQFLL

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHLa. $UWLFXODLDVDFURLOLDF VWUXFWXUIXQFLL

    :

    b. 6LPIL]DSXEOLDQLVLQGHVPR]HOHED]LQXOXL VWUXFWXUORFDOL]DUHUROIXQFLRQDOc. Bazinul n ansamblu FRPSDUWLPHQWHVWUkPWRULSDUWLFXODULWLGHYkUVWLGHVH[d. 1RLXQL JHQHUDOH GHVSUH SHOYLPHWULH'LDPHWUHOH ED]LQXOXL D[D L vQFOLQDLD OXL LPSRUWDQDDSOLFDWLY

    e. Explorarea pe viu a bazinului.f. $UWLFXODLDFR[RIHPXUDO VWUXFWXUIXQFLL

    'XUDWDOXFUULLSUDFWLFH 3 ore

    Scopul: )DPLOLDUL]DUHDFXVWUXFWXUDLIXQFLLOHDUWLFXODLLORURDVHORUED]LQXOXLLROGXOXLLIRUPDUHDGHSULQGHULORUSULYLQGLGHQWLILFDUHDLH[SORUDUHDORUSHYLX

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOH RELQXWH YRU IDFLOLWD FRQWLHQWL]DUHD IXQFLHL PXFKLORU UHJLXQLLUHVSHFWLYH L YRU IL XWLOH SHQWUX VWXGLHUHD traumatologiei, obstetricii, reabilitologiei, medicinei sportive etc.

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL1. 6HOHFWDL GLQ FKHVWLRQDU Anexa 1 VXELHFWHOH WHRUHWLFH L SUDFWLFH UHIHULWRDUH ODSUH]HQWDWHP FRQIUXQWDL-OH FX VXEWHPHOH GH PDL VXV VWXGLDL-OH GXS VXUVHOH Eibliografice indicate folosindu-Y GH RDVH VHSDUDWH VFKHOHW SUHSDUDWH DOH DUWLFXODLLORU ED]LQXOXL LROGXOXLPXODMHSUHSDUDWHGHPX]HXILOPHYLGHRDWODVHSODQHUDGLRJUDPH

    :

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    3. $OFWXLLRVFKHPDFODVLILFULLMRQFLXQLORUED]LQXOXL

    4. (QXPHUDL IHHOHDUWLFXODUHDOHDUWLFXODLHLVDFURLOLDFH LQGLFDLGLQFDUHJUXSGHGLDUWUR]Hface ea parte.

  • 0109

    5. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLLA B

    Fig. 1

    6. (QXPHUDLSRVLELOHOHPLFUL vQDUWLFXODLD VDFURLOLDF LQGLFDL D[HOH L DPSOLWXGLQHD ORUFRQGLLLOHvQFDUHVHSRWUHDOL]DLOLJDPHQWHOHFDUHOHIUkQHD]

    7. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQLGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDte prin linii.A B

    Fig. 2

  • 0110

    8. &RPSOHWDLIUD]D%D]LQXOHFRQVWLWXLWGLQBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB_____________________________________________________________________________unite prin ___________________________________________________________________

    9. &RPSOHWDLHQXQXULOH/DED]LQXOvQDQVDPEOXVHGLVWLQJorificiile _____________________________________________________________________,canalele______________________________________________________________________,incizurile _____________________________________________________________________,membranele __________________________________________________________________,unghiurile ____________________________________________________________________,liniile _______________________________________________________________________,compartimentele ______________________________________________________________,aperturile ____________________________________________________________________,VSDLLOHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB__________________________________________,,QGLFDLDFHVWHIRUPDLXQLSHLPDJLQHDGLQILJ

    10. (QXPHUDLVWUXFWXULOHFDUHIRUPHD]SHUHLLED]LQXOXLPDUHLDLFHOXLREVWHWULFDO.

    11. &RPSOHWDLIUD]D6WUkPWRDUHDVXSHULRDUDPLFXOXLED]LQHGHOLPLWDWGHOLQLDWHUPLQDOcare include _____________________________________________________________

    BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBLDUFHDLQIHULRDU de _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

    12. ([SOLFDLQRLXQHDGHSHOYLPHWULH.

    Fig. 3

  • 0111

    13. $GQRWDL ILJ VFULHL OHJHQGD LQGLFDLGHQXPLULOH LYDORULOHGLPHQVLXQLORUHYLGHQLDWHprin linii.

    A B C

    Fig. 4

    14. 'HILQLLD[DFRQGXFWRDUHDED]LQXOXLLXQJKLXOOXLGHvQFOLQDLH.

    15. (QXPHUDL GLDPHWUHOH ED]LQXOXL PDUH DSHUWXULL VXSHULRDUH D ED]LQXOXL PLF FDYLWLL LDSHUWXULLLQIHULRDUHLQGLFDLYDORULOHORU

    16. ([SOLFDLFHGHPRQVWUHD]LPDJLQLOHGLQILJA B C

  • 0112

    D E F

    Fig. 5

    17. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLFHGHPRQVWUHD]LPDJLQLOHGLQHDH[SOLFDLLPSRUWDQDDSOLFDWLY

    A BFig. 6

    18. &RPSOHWDLWDEHOXOBazinul Feminin Masculin2DVHOHVWUXFWXUJHQHUDOAripile oaselor iliaceSacrulPromontoriul7XEHUR]LWLOHLVFKLRQXOXLBazinul mareBazinul mic$SHUWXUDVXSHULRDURamurile inferioare ale oaselor pubiene8QJKLXOGHvQFOLQDLHDiametrele transversale

  • 113

    19. (QXPHUDLIHHOHDUWLFXODUHDOHDUWLFXODLHLROGXOXLSUH]HQWDLFDracteristica lor.

    20. ,QGLFDL JUXSXULOH GH GLDUWUR]H GLQ FDUH IDFH SDUWH DUWLFXODLD FR[RIHPXUDO HQXPHUDLSDUWLFXODULWLOHHLVSHFLILFH

    21. $GQRWDLILJVFULHLGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORULQGLFDWHSULQOLQLL

    A B CFig. 7

    22. (QXPHUDLPLFULOHSRVLELOHvQDUWLFXODLDROGXOXLLQGLFDLD[HOHvQMXUXOFURUDDFHVWHDVHUHDOL]HD]DPSOLWXGLQHDORULIRUPDLXQLOHFDUHOHIUkQHD]

  • 114

    23. (ODERUDLXQVFXUWUHIHUDWFXWHPD([SORUDUHDSHYLXDED]LQXOXi.

    24. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D UHIHULWRDUHODWHPDQUUH]ROYDL-OHLQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH

    25. &RQWURODLGDFVXQWHLSUHJWLWVXILFLHQWvQYHGHUHDH[SXQHULLLGHPRQVWUULLPDWHULDOXOXLstudiat.

    26. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODVXELHFWHOHVWXGLDWHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    27. 6XELHFWHQHFODUHLvQWUHEULDSUXWHvQUH]XOWDWXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLQU

    28. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHODWHPDQU.

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL)

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  • 115

    Lucrarea nr. 20

    Tema: $UWLFXODLD JHQXQFKLXOXL DUWLFXODLLOH RDVHORU JDPEHL L SLFLRUXOXL VWUXFWXUIXQFLL 3LFLRUXO vQ DQVDPEOX ([SORUDUHD SH YLX D DUWLFXODLLORU PHPEUXOXLinferior.

    a. Clasificarea arWLFXODLLORUPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRU

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. $UWLFXODLDJHQXQFKLXOXL VWUXFWXUIXQFLLc. $UWLFXODLLOHRDVHORUJDPEHL VWUXFWXUUROIXQFLRQDOd. $UWLFXODLDWDORFUXUDO VWUXFWXUIXQFLLe. $UWLFXODLLOHSLFLRUXOXL VWUXFWXUIXQFLLf. Piciorul n ansamblu.g. ExpORUDUHDSHYLXDDUWLFXODLLORUPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRU

    'XUDWDOXFUULLSUDFWLFH 3 ore.

    Scopul: ,QLLHUHDvQDUWURVLQGHVPRORJLDPHPEUXOXL LQIHULRU OLEHU IRUPDUHDFRPSHWHQHORULGHSULQGHULORUSULYLQGVWUXFWXUDIXQFLLOHLH[SORUDUHDSHYLXDDUWLFXODLLlor lui.

    0RWLYDLD: &XQRWLQHOHSUHFRQL]DWHYRUILGHXQUHDOIRORVSHQWUXVWXGLHUHDLFRQWLHQWL]DUHDIXQFLLORU PXFKLORU DFHVWXL VHJPHQW GH FRUS GDU L D XQRU GLVFLSOLQH FOLQLFH(traumatologiei, ortopediei, imagisticii, medicinei sportive, reabilitologiei, kinetoterapiei etc.).

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL1. Din chestionar (Anexa 1DOHJHLVXELHFWHOH WHRUHWLFHLSUDFWLFH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHPDQUFRQIUXQWDL-OH FX VXEWHPHOH HL VWXGLDL-OH GXS VXUVHOH ELEOLRJUDILFH LQGLFDWH XWLOL]kQG RDVHseparate, scheOHWXOPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRUSUHSDUDWHLPXODMHDOHDUWLFXODLLORUOXLSUHSDUDWHGHPX]HXUDGLRJUDPHILOPHYLGHRDWODVHSODQHHWFQRWDLWH]HOHPDLLPSRUWDQWH

    :

    2. 3UH]HQWDLRVFKHPDVWUXFWXULLORJLFHDVXEWHPHORU

    3. (ODERUDLVFKHPDFODVLILFULLMRQFLXQLORUPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRUOLEHU

  • 116

    4. (QXPHUDLIHHOHDUWLFXODUHDOHDUWLFXODLHLJHQXQFKLXOXLLQGLFDLGLQFDUHJUXSXULGHGLDUWUR]HIDFHHDSDUWHFDUHVXQWSDUWLFXODULWLOHHLVWUXFWXUDOHVSHFLILFH.

    5. 1XPLL IRUPDLXQLOH FX PHQLUHD GH D VSRUL JUDGXO GH FRQJUXHQ D IHHORU DUWLFXODUH GLQDUWLFXODLDJHQXQFKLXOXL.

    6. $GQRWDLLPDJLQLOHGLQILJVFULHLOHJHQGDLQGLFDLUDSRUWXULOHFDSVXOHLDUWLFXODUHPDLDOHVDOHPHPEUDQHLHLVLQRYLDOHFXIRUPDLXQLOHLQWUDDUWLFXOare.

    A B C

    D

    Fig.1

  • 117

    7. 3UH]HQWDLRFODVLILFDUHDOLJDPHQWHORUDUWLFXODLHLJHQXQFKLXOXLHQXPHUDL-OHDGQRWDLILJVFULHLOHJHQGD

    A B

    C D

    Fig. 2

    8. (QXPHUDLIDFWRULLDPRUWL]DWRULGLQDUWLFXODLDJHQXQFKLXOXL.

  • 118

    9. 'HVFULHL501-JUDPHOHDUWLFXODLHLJHQXQFKLXOXLGLQILJVFULHLOHJHQGDA B

    Fig. 3

    10. (QXPHUDLPLFULOHFDUHDXORFvQDUWLFXODLDJHQXQFKLXOXLLQGLFDLDPSOLWXGLQHDORU

    11. 1XPLLMRQFLXQLOHRDVHORUJDPEHLLQGLFDLODFDUHJUXSXULGHOHJWXULDUSXWHDILFDWDORJDWHDGQRWDLILJVFULHLSHLPDJLQHGHQXPLULOHIRUPDLXQLORUPDUFDWHSULQOLQLL

    Fig. 4

  • 119

    12. (QXPHUDL RDVHOH L IHHOH ORU DUWLFXODUH FDUH SDUWLFLS OD IRUPDUHD DUWLFXODLHL WDORFUXUDOHLQGLFDLGLQFHJUXSuri de diartroze face ea parte.

    13. 1XPLLSDUWLFXODULWLOHVWUXFWXUDOHDOHFDSVXOHLDUWLFXODLHLWDORFUXUDOH.

    14. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLSHLPDJLQLOLJDPHQWHOHDUWLFXODLHLWDORFUXUDOHA B C

    Fig. 5

    15. (QXPHUDLPLFULOHFDUHDXORFvQDUWLFXODLDWDORFUXUDOLQGLFDLDPSOLWXGLQHDORU

    16. (QXPHUDL DUWLFXODLLOH SLFLRUXOXL LQGLFDL RDVHOH L IHHOH DUWLFXODUH FDUH OH IRUPHD]PLFULOHvQHOHLJUXSXULOHGHGLDUWUR]HODFDUHDSDULQ

  • 120

    17. $GQRWDLLPDJLQLOHGLQILJVFULHLOHJHQGDA B C

    Fig. 6

    18. ([SOLFDLFXPVHIRUPHD]VLQXVXOWDUVDOLQGLFDLOLJDPHQWXOFDUHvORFXSLUROXOOXL

    19. ([SOLFDLFHUHSUH]LQWDUWLFXODLDOXL&KRSDUWLDUWLFXODLDOXL/LVIUDQFLQGLFDLOLJDPHQWHOHORUFKHLHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    20. ([SOLFDLQRLXQHDGHFRPSOH[VROLGDUDOSLFLRUXOXL.

  • 121

    21. $GQRWDLILJLQGLFDLIRUPDLXQLOHFDUHSDUWLFLSODPHQLQHUHDEROLORUSLFLRUXOXLA B

    22. Din setul de radiograPHVHOHFWDL-OHSHFHOHDOHDUWLFXODLLORUPHPEUXOXLLQIHULRUVWXGLDL-OHLGHVFULHL-le.

    23. (ODERUDLUHIHUDWHVFXUWHFXWHPD3LFLRUXOvQDQVDPEOXL([SORUDUHDSHYLXDDUWLFXODLLORUmembrului inferior.

    24. 6HOHFWDLWHVWHOH$QH[D) referitoare la tHPDQUUH]ROYDL-OHLQRWDLUH]XOWDWHOH.

    25. &RQWURODLGDFVXQWHLSUHJWLWSHQWUXDH[SXQHLGHPRQVWUDFHOHVWXGLDWH

    26. )RUPXODLFRQFOX]LLFXSULYLUHODVXELHFWHOHVWXGLDWHLLPSRUWDQDORUDSOLFDWLY

    27. 6XELHFWHQHFODUHLvQWUHEULla tema nr. 20.

    28. ,QIRUPDLLVXSOLPHQWDUHODWHP

    &RQWUROXOUHDOL]ULLOXFUULLDSUHFLHULVXJHVWLLUHFRPDQGDLL6HPQWXUDSURIHVRUXOXL

    Fig.7

  • 0122

    Lucrarea nr. 21

    Tema: 0LRORJLH JHQHUDO 0XFKLL L IDVFLLOH WRUDFHOXL VWUXFWXU WRSRJUDILH Lexplorare pe viu. Diafragma.

    a. 0XFKLLFRQIRUPDLHH[WHUQPRGGHIL[DUHUDSRUWXULDQRPDOLLPXFKLXOFDRUJDQILEUHPXVFXODUH HVXW FRQMXQFWLY WHQGRDQH YDVH L QHUYL PXFKLXO vQ UHSDXV L vQ DFLXQHSURSULHWLIL]LFHFDOLWLFDUDFWHULVWLFHFRQWUDFLHLPXVFXODUHVLVWHPXOGHSkUJKLLWLSXULOHGHDFWLYLWDWHPXVFXODUIRUDJUDYLWDLRQDOSXQFWHOHIL[LPRELOLLQYHUVDUHDORUDFWHPRWRULL

    &RQLQXWXOWHPHL

    b. 3ULQFLSLLOHFODVLILFULLPXFKLORUGXSJHQH], topografie, IXQFLH, IRUP, orientarea fibrelor PXVFXODUHDVSHFWXOKLVWRORJLFvQUDSRUWFXDUWLFXODLLOH

    c. (OHPHQWHOH DX[LOLDUH DOH PXFKLORU IDVFLL UHWLQDFXOH WHFL L EXUVH VLQRYLDOH WURKOHHmusculare).

    d. 0HWRGH GH H[SORUDUH D PXFKLORU LQFOXVLY DQDWRPLD ORU SH YLX LPSRUWDQD FXQRDWHrii DQDWRPLHLIXQFLRQDOHDPXFKLORUSHQWUXvQHOHJHUHDELRPHFDQLFLLDSDUDWXOXLORFRPRWRULDPRGLILFULORU HL vQ SDWRORJLD RVWHR-musculo-DUWLFXODU UROXO DSOLFDWLY DO IRUPDLXQLORUGHOLPLWDWHGHPXFKLFDQDOHORURULILFLLORUQXOHHORUHWF

    e. ClasifLFDUHDPXFKLORUWRUDFHOXLUDSRUWXULOHORUFXIRLHOHIDVFLLORUSHFWRUDOHf. 'LDIUDJPDSRULXQLRULILFLL ORFXULVODEHSDUWLFXODULWLGHVWUXFWXUDOHSRULXQLL ORPEDUHUROIXQFLRQDO

    g. 7RSRJUDILDUHSHUHOHPXVFXODUHLRVRDVHDOHWRUDFHOXLh. DemonstrarHD IRUPDLXQLORU DQDWRPLFH UHIHULWRDUH OD WHP SH FDGDYUX SUHSDUDWH VHSDUDWH

    mulaje.

    Scopul: )DPLOLDUL]DUHD VWXGHQLORU FX VWUXFWXUD FODVLILFDUHD L WRSRJUDILD PXFKLORUSDUWLFXODULWLOHORULQGLYLGXDOHGHYkUVWLGHVH[FXPHWRGHOHGHH[SORrare ale VLVWHPXOXLPXVFXODU'HDvQYDVWXGHQLLVQXPHDVFFRUHFWLVGHPRQVWUH]HPXFKLLSHFWRUDOLRULJLQHDLLQVHULDORUIDVFLLOHWRUDFHOXLGLDIUDJPDFXORFXULOHHLVODEHGHDFRQWLHQWL]DIXQFLDDFHVWRUD

    0RWLYDLD: ,QIRUPDLD SULYLQG PLRORJLD JHQHUDO H QHFHVDU SHQWUX FRQWLHQWL]DUHD WXWXURUDFWLYLWLORU PRWRULL SHQWUX vQHOHJHUHD L VWXGLHUHD WHPHORU XOWHULRDUH&XQRDWHUHD VWUXFWXULLPXFKLORU L D WRSRJUDILHL ORU DPHWRGHORUGHH[SORUDUHDaparatului muscular sunt importante pentrX DQDWRPLD WRSRJUDILF L FKLUXUJLDoperatorie, traumatologie, chirurgie, reabilitologie etc.

    5HDOL]DUHDOXFUULL:1. 6HOHFWDL GLQ FKHVWLRQDU Anexa 1 VXELHFWHOH WHRUHWLFH L SUDFWLFH UHIHULWRDUH ODWHPDQDOL]DL-OH L VWXGLDL-le n corespundere cu surVHOH ELEOLRJUDILFH QRWDL WH]HOH PDLimportante.

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  • 123

    3. $GQRWDL LPDJLQLOH GLQ ILJ LQGLFDL WLSXULOH GH PXFKL FRQIRUP RULHQWULL ILEUHORU ORUmusculare).

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16Fig.1.____________________________

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    5. ([SOLFDLQRLXQLOHGHpunctum fixum Lpunctum mobile.

  • 124

    6. &HOHWUHLSURSULHWLHVHQLDOHDOHHVXWXOXLPXVFXODUVXQWa.b.c.

    7. &RPSOHWDLWDEHOXO&ODVLILFDUHDPXFKLORU

    I II III IV V VI VII'XSJHQH] 'XSWRSRJUDILH 'XSIXQFLH 'XSIRUP 'XSRULHQWDUHD

    fibrelor musculare

    n raport cu DUWLFXODLLOH

    Sub aspecthistologic

    8. 6WXGLDLSHFDGDYUXPXODMHSODQHDWODVHVWUXFWXUDLWRSRJUDILDIRUPDLXQLORUSUHY]XWHGHWHPDGDWGHSULQGHL-YVOHLGHQWLILFDLLVOHGHPRQVWUDL

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  • 125

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  • 126

    FSRULXQLOHRULILFLLOHLORFXULOHVODEHale diafragmei (fig. 4).

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    Fig. 5

  • 127

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    Fig. 6

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  • 128

    12. ([SOLFDLWHUPHQLLPXFKLDXWRKWRQLWUXQFRIXJDOLWUXQFRSHWDOL LQGLFDL-le sinonimele.

    13. (QXPHUDLYDULDQWHOHLDQRPDOLLOHGHGH]YROWDUHDPXFKLORUWRUDFHOXLLDGLDIUDJPHLGXScadavru, preparate din muzeul catedrei, filme, alte surse).

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    17. &RQWURODL-YDELOLWDWHDGHDH[SXQHRUDOVDXvQVFULVLQIRUPDLLOHRELQXWHLGHDGHPRQVWUDIRUPDLXQLOHVWXGLDWH

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  • 129

    Lucrarea nr. 22

    Tema: 0XFKLL L IDVFLLOH FHQWXULL VFDSXODUH L DL EUDXOXL VWUXFWXU WRSRJUDILH Lexplorare pe viu.

    a. &ODVLILFDUHDPXFKLORUFHQWXULLVFDSXODUHLDLEUDXOXL&RQLQXWXOWHPHL

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  • 130

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  • 133

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  • 135

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  • 137

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  • 138

    Lucrarea nr. 24

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  • 139

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  • 141

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  • 143

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  • 144

    Lucrarea nr. 25

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  • 145

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