Limba Engleza

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UNIVERSITATEA VALAHIA DIN TRGOVITE DEPARTAMENTUL PENTRU NVMNT LA DISTAN I FORMARE CONTINU

PRACTICAL ENGLISH FOR DISTANCE - LEARNING STUDENTS

Carmen ANTOHE

TRGOVITE 2005

CONTENTSCUVNT NAINTE.............................................................................................3 CHAPTER ONE BASIC ENGLISH................................................................4 Lesson one Introducing oneself (conversation)5 Lesson two- Getting around (conversation)...8 Lesson three Nationalities-Countries (conversation)12 Lesson four A students daily Programme ...16 Lesson five The family...20 Lesson six Weather ...24 Lesson seven Meals...29 Lesson eight At the library33 Lesson nine Whats your job?...........................................................................37 Lesson ten At a public meeting..41 CHAPTER TWO ENGLISH FOR GEOGRAPHERS AND HISTORIANS.........................................................45 Lesson one Great Britain..46 Lesson two London...51 Lesson three The United States of America..60 Lesson four American Cities.66 Lesson five Australia.72 Lesson six Important People in Britain.76 Lesson seven Famous British Seamen...79 Lesson eight Europes Premodern Heritage.81 Lesson nine Bucharest...84 Lesson ten Romania...89 CHAPTER THREE ENGLISH FOR ECONOMISTS96 Lesson one Advertising..97 Lesson two How to Stage Successful Trade Fairs and Exhibitions.103 Lesson three Tourist Industry and Touristic Activity...107 Lesson four Foreign TradeComposition Development Trends.110 Lesson five The International Monetary Fund114 Lesson six Economic Co-operation.119 Lesson seven Marketing Past and Present...123 CHAPTER FOUR SUPLIMENTARY READINGS-ENGLISH AND AMERICAN HOLIDAYS, LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION.126 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Halloween..127 Thanksgiving Day129 Christmas131 St. Valentines Day..134 Easter..137 William Shakespeare...141 American literature.................................................................................144 Habits and ways - Tea 146 2

Cuvnt nainten condiiile civilizaiei actuale, cnd comunicarea larg ntre oameni i popoare a devenit o realitate obinuit, cunoaterea unei limbi de circulaie internaional este o necesitate. Dac n Evul Mediu limba latin a fost pentru europeni limba comun a culturii i tiinei, astzi, n epoca ordinatoarelor, a zborurilor cosmice, a transformrilor urbane spectaculoase i a dezvoltrii fr precedent a schimburilor internaionale, toi cetenii lumii nva limba englez pentru a se nelege ntre ei. Engleza este astzi limba tiinei, a tehnicii, a comerului. Lumea tiinific i intelectual folosete poate cel mai mult aceast limb, puini fiind oamenii de tiin i cercettorii care s nu o cunoasc i s nu i redacteze lucrrile direct n englez. Ilustrrile de mai sus nu epuizeaz nici pe departe lista posibil. S ne referim acum la oamenii simpli i mai puini simpli. Cine nu a trecut prin momentul penibil cnd nu putem nfiripa o conversaie cu un strin, cnd suntem redui la gesturi, mimic sau interjecii? Unele persoane sunt dispuse s remedieze carena prin studiu, sistematic chiar. Altele, se izoleaz sub imperiul fricii ndrtul unor pori zvorte i cred c limba englez este inaccesibil lor, dup cum studierea ei (chiar la nivel elementar) li se pare un efort inutil sau, oricum prea mare. Unul din scopurile acestui curs este s demonstreze c inaccesibilitatea e o prejudecat, iar efortul merit s fie ntreprins pn i de ctre cei din fire lenevoi. n nvarea limbii engleze la un nivel mediu de cunotiine se ajunge fr dificultate i sperm c acest curs conceput pentru studenii de la forma de nvmnt la distan, va demonstra c necesitatea cunoaterii limbii engleze se poate satisface de ctre oricine, uor i cu plcere. Acest curs practic de limba englez este destinat studenilor de la specializrile Geografie, Istorie-Geografie i profilul Economic anii I i II, care doresc s aib o pregtire corespunztoare n domeniile de interes. El a fost conceput n aa fel nct, n cei doi ani de studiu ai limbii engleze, s ajute la consolidarea cunotiinelor acumulate pn aici, precum i la nsuirea de noi elemente specifice specializrii studiate.

Mult Succes!

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CHAPTER ONE - BASIC ENGLISH

IntroducereChapter one Basic English (Capitolul unu Engleza de baz) se adreseaz att studenilor de la specializarea Geografie, Istorie-Geografie ct i celor de la profilul Economic. nsuirea unui limbaj de specialitate nu se poate face fr a avea o baz solid, de aceea capitolul conine n principal elemente practice i applicative la ndemna acelora care doresc s-i nsueasc, s consolideze i s foloseasc un limbaj minim de limba englez. Cele zece lecii care alctuiesc capitolul cuprind teme axate pe principalele aspecte ale vieii cotidiene de munc, sociale, culturale avnd drept scop s formeze deprinderi de limb necesare nsuirii ulterioare a limbajului legat de problematica geografic, istorico-geografic i economic. Fiecare lecie cuprinde un text nsoit de o tem gramatical prezentat sugestiv i concis prin structuri, scheme i tabele. Schemele gramaticale prezint probleme de gramatic i construcii pentru a cror nelegere i mai ales folosire, studenii ntmpin dificulti. Expunerea gramatical este urmat de diferite tipuri de exerciii lexicale i gramaticale menite s formeze deprinderi de limb la cei ce studiaz limba englez. Obiective operaionale: dup parcurgerea primului capitol studenii vor putea s: se prezinte i s fac cunotiin cu alte persoane vorbitoare de limba englez; poarte o conversaie simpl, referitoare la locul natal, meserie, i s cear indicaii pentru a ajunge n locul dorit; vorbeasc despre programul su zilnic, despre vreme i mesele principale; poat s se descurce n diferite situaii cum ar fi la bibliotec i la diferite ntlniri publice; completeze un curriculum vitae; recunoasc, s diferenieze i s foloseasc n aplicaii practice timpuri verbale precum prezentul simplu i continuu, prezentul perfect simplu i continuu, mai mult ca perfectul simplu i continuu; capete deprinderi pentru traduceri din i n limba englez;

Capitolul unu conine urmtoarele lecii:1. Lesson one Introducing oneself .5 2. Lesson two Getting around 8 3. Lesson three Nationalities-Countries ...12 4. Lesson four A students daily programme ...16 5. Lesson five The family .20 6. Lesson six Weather ...........24 7. Lesson seven Meals ..29 8. Lesson eight At the library ...........33 9. Lesson nine Whats your job? ..37 10. Lesson ten At a public meeting ..41

Bibliografie selectiv:- Banta, Andrei (1991) Essential English, Ed. Teora Bucureti - Gali, Livia & colaboratorii (1982) Limba Englez pentru nvmntul superior economic, Ed.Didactic i Pedagogic, Bucureti - Gleanu-Frnoag, Georgiana (1993) Gramatica Limbii Engleze, Ed. Omegapress, Bucureti -* * * - Speak English Nr. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6/ 1990 4

LESSON ONE CONVERSATION INTRODUCING ONESELF (PREZENTARI) FORMAL J.D.: Excuse me. Who are you? S.R.: Im Sandra Reynolds. Im your English teacher, and who are you? J.D.: How do you do. My names Jane David. Im a student. K.S.: And my name is Ken Smith. Im a student, too. S.R.: How do you do. (Im) glad to meet you. (Its) nice to meet you. J.D.: Its nice to meet you, too. Greetings S.R.: Good morning. (Good afternoon; Good evening). J.D.: Good evening. How are you? S.R.: Im fine thank you. And how are you? J.D.: Very well, thank you./ Rather unwell. S.R.: Good bye. See you later. J.D.: Good night. See you tomorrow. Atenie! Nu se spune niciodat Good day, nici la ntlnire nici la desprire. n engleza modern este o form de expediere a interlocutorului, ceva de felul Poi pleca. VERY FORMAL J.D.: Good morning, Professor Reynolds. Let me introduce myself. My names Jane David. Im your new student. S.R.: How do you do. Welcome to our courses. My names Sandra Reynolds. J.D.: How do you do. Im pleased to meet you, Professor Reynolds. S.R.: Im your English Professor. What are you studying this term? J.D.: Im studying English language this term and English literature next term. S.R.: Till tomorrow then. J.D.: Its been nice knowing you. Good bye for now. INFORMAL J.D.: Hi, Im Jane. Im a new student. Who are you? K.S.: Hi, Im Ken. Im a new student, too. Glad to know you. Where are you from? J.D.: Im from Canada. Are you from Canada, too? K.S.: No, Im not. Im from Scotland. J.D.: Oh, how nice! K.S.: See you soon. J.D.: Bye-bye for now.

I. EXPLANATORY NOTES1. Name = First name = Christian name = Given name: Jane, Jennifer, Robert, Mary, Kenneth, Sandra etc. Surname = Family name = Last name: Reynolds, David, Bush, Smith, MacDonald, OCasey, Roberts etc.

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2. How Do We Address People? There are different ways of addressing people and of speaking: Informal or friendly between friends, teenagers, young people (classmates), businessmen; Formal between acquaintances and also for older people or people in higher jobs. Very formal for people we want to show respect to. How do we address unknown people? Excuse me, sir (madam, officer/constable etc.) Ladies and gentlemen (when addressing an audience). How about people we know? Hi, Ted / Hi, Betty (more used for young people). Hello, Fred / Hello, Barney (it is slightly more formal). We can greet acquaintances or people we know whether they are older or in higher jobs with hello, or good morning / afternoon / evening. At a very formal level, respect may be shown by adding their name: Hello, Mr. Smith (for gentlemen), Hello, Mrs. Reynolds (for married ladies), Hello, Miss David (for unmarried ladies), or Hello, Mes Green (for ladies, when their marital status is not important). If the persons have titles, they are used in calling them: Professor Hill, Dr. Brown, Dean Roberts (only one title - the highest is used together with the surname). For very high ranks we can use: Your Excellency, Your Highness, Your Sanctity. II. GRAMMAR 1.PERSONAL PRONOUNS (Pronume personale) Desemneaz persoanele ce pot aprea ntr-un dialog interlocutorul) sau