Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

download Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

of 23

  • date post

    06-Apr-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    216
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    1/23

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    2/23

    Rac~c \~`Rac~c \~`

    L~ paepL~ paep pnfoacahme |nlac~c~m ec VVpnfoacahme |nlac~c~m ec VV''cne o~ r~pngcne o~ r~png|| |r~ong |~rteje|r~ong |~rtejee nvelpe nvelp e Eopetlpm`nm/e Eopetlpm`nm/ T~mmT~mme~ |r~| le~ |r~| l |~rteje|~rtejee Eopetlpm`nm n|pn `n 5< =22e Eopetlpm`nm n|pn `n 5< =22

    222 ig222 ig met met eegntmleomm e~ |r~| lgntmleomm e~ |r~| l etn 50 422 222etn 50 422 222ig/ig/ Eopetlpm`e n|pn ~o laopmonop ec |~rntcepmzncat/Eopetlpm`e n|pn ~o laopmonop ec |~rntcepmzncat/

    @el@el paeppaep hfnehfnee |e |''et ~omjatgm{eet ~omjatgm{e et tn{~cpeet tn{~cpe ~o~o

    retecncmrmrn` letn |retecncmrmrn` letn |''etet oocce `n ce omznc~c ge `n ce omznc~c gtmm l~tmm l~4522 g/ N|pn `n4522 g/ N|pn `n''e `tnrp~c t~rpe `tnrp~c t~rp `n c~gn`n c~gn jmmo`jmmo`|mp~ep ce|mp~ep ce 622 ig `n Egntmle `n \~`622 ig `n Egntmle `n \~` m ce rn|pnm ce rn|pn

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    3/23

    Rac~c Oat`Rac~c Oat` Rac~c Oat` n|pn lnc gem oecp r~olp ec evnm pntn|ptn#Rac~c Oat` n|pn lnc gem oecp r~olp ec evnm pntn|ptn#|mp~ep o|mp~ep o le`t~c Alneo~c~mle`t~c Alneo~c~m Etlpml/ Rac~c oat` hnahtejmlEtlpml/ Rac~c oat` hnahtejml

    n|pn |mp~ep ce lmtle 5/:22 ig `n rac~c oat` gehonpml#n|pn |mp~ep ce lmtle 5/:22 ig `n rac~c oat` gehonpml#letn |n ejc o mo|~ce Depf~t|p `mo Leoe`e/ \rtnletn |n ejc o mo|~ce Depf~t|p `mo Leoe`e/ \rtn`na|ndmtn `n Rac~c \~`# ce rac~c oat` o~ nvm|p rgop`na|ndmtn `n Rac~c \~`# ce rac~c oat` o~ nvm|p rgop`aet a lecap `n hfne# letn rc~pnpn o`aet a lecap `n hfne# letn rc~pnpn o le`t~cle`t~cAlneo~c~mAlneo~c~m Etlpml# l~rtmo| optn lae|pncn E|mnm#Etlpml# l~rtmo| optn lae|pncn E|mnm#N~tarnm# m Egntmlmm/ ElnN~tarnm# m Egntmlmm/ Eln|pe|pe lag~oml l~ Alneo~clag~oml l~ Alneo~cRelmjml `nRelmjml `n''e c~oh~c |ptgpatmm Dntmoh m l~ Alneo~ce c~oh~c |ptgpatmm Dntmoh m l~ Alneo~c

    Epceopml/ \~rtejee hcadec e eln|pEpceopml/ \~rtejee hcadec e eln|p~me~me n|pn n lmtlen|pn `n lmtle50/222/222 ig/ E`olmgne n|pn o gn`mn `n lmtle50/222/222 ig/ E`olmgne n|pn o gn`mn `n lmtle5/>22 g# ezo` lnc gem e`ol r~olp `n >0>2 g/ @aet5/>22 g# ezo` lnc gem e`ol r~olp `n >0>2 g/ @aetegntmleomm m t~mm pme~ mommec `n elne|p {ao rn letnegntmleomm m t~mm pme~ mommec `n elne|p {ao rn letna jaca|ne~ o |lar~tm gmcmpetn# `et `~ra jaca|ne~ o |lar~tm gmcmpetn# `et `~r tt{dam~c tnln{dam~c tnln

    mojatgemojatgemmcn rtmzmo` Rac~c Oat` e~ `nznomp r~dcmln/mmcn rtmzmo` Rac~c Oat` e~ `nznomp r~dcmln/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    4/23

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    5/23

    Rtmgmm nvrcatepatmRtmgmm nvrcatepatm

    Ce Rac~c Oat`;Ce Rac~c Oat`;''o~ |n |pmn l~ lntpmp~`mono~ |n |pmn l~ lntpmp~`mon

    `ele`ele Tadntp N`xmoTadntp N`xmoRnet}Rnet} mm GeppfnxGeppfnxFno|aoFno|ao ce : ertmcmn 5=2=ce : ertmcmn 5=2=|e~|e~ Jtn`ntmli LaaiJtn`ntmli Laai cece45 ertmcmn 5=26 e~ epmo|45 ertmcmn 5=26 e~ epmo|RRac~cac~c OOat`/ @mo oapat`/ @mo oaptmcn c~mtmcn c~m

    ^gdntpa Oadmcn#^gdntpa Oadmcn# Taec`Eg~o`|no m CmolacoNcc|xatpf e~ ek~o| ce Rac~ce~ ek~o| ce Rac~cOat`/Oat`/

    Ce Rac~c \~`;Ce Rac~c \~`;LLccpatmmcn ce Rac~c \~` e~patmmcn ce Rac~c \~` e~

    eret~p `~re ~o gmp znlfm eceret~p `~re ~o gmp znlfm ecoezmhepatmcat racmon{mnom letnoezmhepatmcat racmon{mnom letn

    |r~one l|r~one l o eo~c :>2 n/o/o eo~c :>2 n/o/getncn oezmhepatgetncn oezmhepat FF~m~m''PPnn''teohmate e `ep `n omteohmate e `ep `n ompnpn|p|polm ecdn ln mnolm ecdn ln mnne~ `mo erene~ `mo ere

    ohfnohfnepep//

    Detpacagn~ @me{ e ja|pDetpacagn~ @me{ e ja|prtmg~c letn e ek~o|rtmg~c letn e ek~o| o erncno erncnrntml~cae|n ecn Eopetlpm`nm/rntml~cae|n ecn Eopetlpm`nm/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    6/23

    RtmgmRtmgmmm tagtagom ceom ce rracacmm Pna`at HfnathfnPna`at Hfnathfn

    OnhamOnham &o&o//4848/2=//2=/5=08#5=08#lag/lag/ \e|l~p# k~`\e|l~p# k~`// Del~#Del~#`//4

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    7/23

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    8/23

    Nvrn p Nvrn p o |nla ~ e VVo |nla ~ e VV'' nenece Rac~c Oat`ce Rac~c Oat`

    Rtmg~c ag letn e ek~o| ce rac rn ka|# e ja|p |lameo~c \mtRtmg~c ag letn e ek~o| ce rac rn ka|# e ja|p |lameo~c \mtXecc} Fntdntp o 5=:=/Xecc} Fntdntp o 5=:=/

    Moptn 5=8=Moptn 5=8= m 5=65 Xecc}m 5=65 Xecc} m Ecceo Hmcc em Ecceo Hmcc e~~ olntlep |olntlep | jeljelalac~c Htanoceo`nmalac~c Htanoceo`nm l~l~ |eome pte| `n lmom|eome pte| `n lmom mm a detla detlpte`mmaoec/pte`mmaoec/ Eln|peEln|pe lcpatmn elcpatmn e ja|p rceomjmlep |ja|p rceomjmlep | `~tn{n`~tn{n 5:5:c~om rnopt~ e elarntm 5

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    9/23

    Nvrn`mNvrn`mmmmm o |nlac~c ec VVo |nlac~c ec VV''cnecnece Rac~c \~`ce Rac~c \~`

    Rtmg~c lRtmg~c lccpat ln ztne |pat ln ztne | epmohepmoh RRac~cac~c \\~` hnahtejml n|pn~` hnahtejml n|pndtmpeoml~c Tadntp Jeclao \lapp# `et oatznhmeo~c Taec`dtmpeoml~c Tadntp Jeclao \lapp# `et oatznhmeo~c Taec`

    Eg~o`|no# letn nte tmzec l~ dtmpeoml~c a meEg~o`|no# letn nte tmzec l~ dtmpeoml~c a me oemopnoemopn m ce 5:m ce 5:meo~etmmeo~etmnn 5=55 ce dat`~c ~onm latedmm l~ letnoe tap~o`5=55 ce dat`~c ~onm latedmm l~ letnoe tap~o`

    ek~ohnek~ohn oo HHacj~c decnoncat/ Taec` Eg~o|n` `ndetlfne{acj~c decnoncat/ Taec` Eg~o|n` `ndetlfne{ mmlaolao||pt~mnpt~mnpn ptnm `nra{mpn `n fteopn ptnm `nra{mpn `n fteo oo c~omcn jc~omcn jndt~etmnndt~etmn''ggetpmnetpmn/ Nc rcnel/ Nc rcnel ce 5= alpagdtmn l~ce 5= alpagdtmn l~ olol rept~ aegnomrept~ aegnom m l~ rept~m l~ rept~||ommomm m >4 `n lm >4 `n lmom met ce 50 `nlngdtmn eln|pe ek~ohn cemom met ce 50 `nlngdtmn eln|pe ek~ohn ceRRac~cac~c \\~`/ Jeln ~o latp `mo reo{~`/ Jeln ~o latp `mo reo{ m ce|m ce| a |ltm|aetn rnopt~a |ltm|aetn rnopt~\lapp\lapp m a ecpm a ecp |ltm|aetn rnopt~ tnh|ltm|aetn rnopt~ tnhncnncn Oatznhmnm/Oatznhmnm/

    \lapp ek\lapp ek~~ohnohn o m~omn 5=o m~omn 5=554 l~ ~o nlfmregnop {`tez4 l~ ~o nlfmregnop {`tezoo`et ge`et gemomcn l~momcn l~ nomcn |n |ptmlnomcn |n |ptml# raonmm gat# r# raonmm gat# roo m lm lmomm l~momm l~||omm o~ jel jeomm o~ jel je ce jtmhce jtmh m {m {re`re`/ Eln/ Elnpme ek~oh ce latp~cpme ek~oh ce latp~ctm`mlep `n Eg~`|no/ Edme `~rtm`mlep `n Eg~`|no/ Edme `~r a c~oa c~o \lapp\lapp m lnmcecpm lm lnmcecpm lccpatmpatmek~ohek~oh m nm nmm `et`et gat rn t~g~c `ngat rn `t~g~c `n opaetlntn/opaetlntn/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    10/23

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    11/23

    Rtmg~c rmcap ln |~tzacne{Rtmg~c rmcap ln |~tzacne{ racmmracmm Tmlfet` Nznc}o D}t` n|pn ~o~cTmlfet` Nznc}o D}t` n|pn ~o~c`moptn r~`moptn r~momm letn tn~momm letn tn~n|l |n|l |

    epmohepmoh lnm `am racm l~ ezmao~c/ Nclnm `am racm l~ ezmao~c/ Ncl~lntnl~lntnpnpn RRac~cac~c OOat` ce `epe `n =at` ce `epe `n =gem 5=4: l~ ek~pat~c larmcap~c |gem 5=4: l~ ek~pat~c larmcap~c |~~Jca}` Dnoonpp/ Mo 5=Jca}` Dnoonpp/ Mo 5=446 me rtartme6 me rtartmegm|m~on `n e ek~ohngm|m~on `n e ek~ohn m cem ce RRac~cac~c\\~`/ Rn 46 oamngdtmn 5=4= eln|pe~`/ Rn 46 oamngdtmn 5=4= eln|pe

    grtn~ogrtn~o l~ ~o larmcap# l~l~ ~o larmcap# l~ ~o~oarntepat te`maarntepat te`ma m ~o legntegeom ~o legntegeoraton|l nvrn`mraton|l nvrn`mme entmeome entmeo m `~rm `~r

    llpnze atn ek~ohn cepnze atn ek~ohn ce RRac~cac~c \\~`~`rtartm~ {m|/ Gem retpmlmrrtartm~ {m|/ Gem retpmlmr o 5=

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    12/23

    @mjntno@mjntnoncn `moptn Rac~c Oat`ncn `moptn Rac~c Oat`m Rac~c \~`m Rac~c \~`

    5/5/ Gehonpm|g m {lgmopn;'{lgmopncn `n e~t# omlfnc# jmnt# rcepmo# ethmop

    m ecpn gnpecn |~op laolnoptepn o nvptngmpmcn

    rceonpetn m o rtnekge racmcat gehonpmlm/'racmm hnahtejmlm em Pnttnm o~ |n |~rter~o l~

    racmm gehonpmlm/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    13/23

    4/ Zatpnv~c racet;'##zatpnv~c racet |n geomjn|p o

    rtnekge racmcat m jeln retpn `mo ##jtaop~cracet/

    'n|pn gem rtao~oep o gn`m~c

    Eopetlpm`nm `nlp o gn`m~c etpml/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    14/23

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    15/23

    0/ G~cp hfne;

    'Rac~c \~` n|pn elarntmp l~ =2. `moleopmpepne `n hfne hcadec m lmtle aptnmgn `mo leopmpepne `n er `~cln e Pnttnm'Rac~c Oat` n|pn l~ g~cp gem |tel o

    hfne `nlp Eopetlpm`e/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    16/23

    >/ ete omgo~m;'o Eopetlpm`e o~ nvm|p en{tm

    agnonpm lm `aet ale{maoec lntlnppatm maegnom `n pmmo/

    'ce Rac~c Oat` nvm|p lnze lp~on gem

    gmlm `et m aten gem getm/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    17/23

    :/ E~t~c onht~;

    'ce Rac~c Oat` nvm|p rnptac rn aopmo`ntn `n 5622 igr o letn |n e|l~o`ro ce {nln gmcmet`n `n paon `n rnptac

    'm ce Rac~c \~` nvm|p rnptac `et roel~g o~ |'e ol~gnpep omgnom | cn`n|larntn eln|pn {lgmopn/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    18/23

    8/ ^tmm racetm m rmoh~momm o~ |~op znlmom;'rmoh~mom ptmn|l nvc~|mz o Eopetlpm`e

    onezeo` rt`patm oep~tecm/'~tmm racetm ptmn|l o retpne oat`ml e

    Pnttnm# gem nvelp ce Rac~c Oat`/

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    19/23

    6/ Jaetpn jtmh m lnc gem jtmh;

    'lne gem |l{~p pngrntep~t `n rnHcad |'e otnhm|ptep o Eopetlpmle' 6=#:L'Rac~c Oat` n|pn gem |no|mdmc ce

    |lfmgdtmcn lcmgepmln

  • 8/3/2019 Istoria Calatoriilor la Polul Sud si Polul Nord

    20/23