Ilian Galben Thesis

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  • 7/29/2019 Ilian Galben Thesis

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    UNIVERSITATEA LIBER INTERNAIONAL DIN MOLDOVA

    Cu titlu de manuscrisCZU: 339.5 (478) (043.3)=135.1

    G 15

    GALBEN Ilian

    EFICIENTIZAREA COMERULUI EXTERIORAL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA

    Specialitatea 08.00.14 - Economie mondial;

    relaii economice internaionale

    Tez de doctor n economie

    Conductor tiinific: ROCA Petru, doctor habilitat n economie,profesor universitar

    Autor: GALBEN Ilian

    Chiinu, 2012

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    GALBEN Ilian, 2012

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    ADNOTAREGALBEN Ilian

    Tez de doctor n economieEficientizarea comerului exterior al Republicii Moldova,

    Universitatea Liber Internaional din Moldova, Chiinu, 2012

    Structura tezei. Teza este structurat astfel: introducere, trei capitole divizate n subcapitole,concluzii i recomandri, bibliografie 196 surse, 127 pagini text de baz, 11 figuri, 10 tabele, de

    asemenea, 20 anexe cu 37 figuri i 46 tabele.

    Cuvintele-cheie: export, import, comer exterior, relaii economice internaionale, investiii,

    inovarecercetare, calitatea produselor i serviciilor, marketing, contracte internaionale, riscuri,

    preuri, sistem de balane, eficien economic, algoritm, strategie, optim, cerere, costuri, pre, sold,

    diversificare, variante.

    Domeniul de studiu al tezei ine de cercetarea principalelor direcii de sporire a eficienei

    economice a comerului exterior al Republicii Moldova.

    Obiectivele cercetrii: metodologia eficientizrii operaiunilor de exportimport; analizaevoluiei comerului exterior al Republicii Moldova; argumentarea tiinific a propunerilor privind

    sporirea eficienei relaiilor economice externe ale rii.

    Scopul principal al tezei este de a reliefa modalitile de eficientizare a comerului exteior al

    rii; a evidenia problemele eseniale privind relaiile economice internaionale de exportimport i

    metodele de soluionare a acestora; a argumenta metodele teoretico-practice privind eficientizarea

    relaiilor economice externe, n special cele de exportimport ale Republicii Moldova.

    Metodologia cercetrii tiinifice se bazeaz pe modele de analiz i sintez, abordarea

    sistemic, metoda seriilor cronologice a indicatorilor economici, metodelor economico-matenmatice,

    metoda tabelelori graficelor etc.

    Noutatea i originalitatea tiinific a lucrrii const n tratarea sistemic a principalelor

    teorii contemporane privind comerul internaional; analiza complex a dinamicii principalilor

    indicatori privind dezvoltarea comerului exterior; sunt determinai principalii indicatori i factori

    care asigur sporirea eficienei comerului exterior al rii; se argumenteaz necesitatea aplicrii

    sistemului de balane n baza cruia se poate determina starea respectiv a economiei naionale i

    stabili direciile strategice de dezvoltare a relaiilor economice externe; aplicarea metodelor

    economico-matematice la argumentarea variantelor eficientizrii flusurilor export-import n baza

    crora sunt argumentate tiinific direciile principale de sporire a eficacitii economice aexportului i importului diferitelor tipuri de produse i servicii n Republica Moldova.

    Semnificaia teoretic i valoarea aplicativ a lucrrii. n tez se propune o metodologie

    tiinific argumentat de analiz multilateral a indicatorilor dezvoltrii comerului exterior, care

    poate fi pus la baza elaborrii unor programe, strategii, principii de organizare i promovare

    eficient a politicii economice externere a rii. Propunerile autorului pot fi utilizate i de ctre

    instituiile de nvmnt n procesul de instruire a cadrelor n domeniul rela iilor economice

    internaionale.

    Rezultatele tiinifice ale lucrrii au fost aprobate n cadrul manifestrilor tiinifice, fiind

    publicate n 30 lucrri tiinifice, inclusiv o monografie i 14 lucrri n reviste tiinifice despecialitate.

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    ANNOTATIONAt the doctoral thesis in economics of M r. Ilian GALBEN

    The increase of the efficiency of the Republic of Moldovas foreign trade ,The Free International University of Moldova (ULIM).Chisinau, 2012

    The structure of the thesis: the thesis consists of introduction, three chapters, general

    conclusions and recommendations, bibliography with 196 sources, and 20 annexes, 127 pages as

    basic text, 11 figures and 10 tables, 20 appendices with 37 figures and 46 tables.

    The key words: export, import, foreign trade, international economic relations, investments,

    research-inventions, quality of goods and services, marketing, international treaties, risks, prices,

    balance method, economic effectiveness, algorithm, demand, diversification, variants.

    The object of the research of the thesis is the study of the main directions of the increase of the

    effectiveness of the Republic of Moldovas foreign trade.

    The tasks of the research are: the consideration of the methodology of the evaluation of export-

    import operations effectiveness, the analysis of the development of the foreign trade of the Republicof Moldova; the scientific argumentation of the proposals referring to the equilibrium of trade

    balance and the increase of the effectiveness of foreign economic relations of the country.

    The main goal of the research is to determine the ways of the increase of the effectiveness in the

    functioning of the Republic of Moldovas economy; to reveal the main problems in the international

    economic export-import relations and the methods of their solving; to argue theoretical and practical

    measures concerning the increase of the effectiveness of the international economic relations, in

    particular, the operation of export-import of the Republic of Moldova.

    The methods of the research are based on the models of analysis and synthesis, systemized

    consideration, the method of chronological series of economic indices, economic-mathematicalmethods of tables and graphs etc.

    The novelty and scientific originality of the results lay in the systematized consideration of the

    main contemporary theories on international trade; the complex analysis of the dynamics of the main

    indices of the foreign trade development of the Republic of Moldova; the applications of the

    economic-mathematical methods for the argumentation for the increase of effectiveness of solutions

    in the field of foreign economic activity; the main indices and factors ensuring the increase of the

    effectiveness of the countrys foreign trade have been determined; application of mathematical

    methods to argument options of efficiency of export-import transactions, on which basis one can

    scientifically ground main directions of the increase of economic efficiency of the export and

    import of various types of products and services in the Republic of Moldova.The theoretical importance and practical value of the research . The thesis suggests the

    methods of scientific comprehensive analysis of the indices of the foreign trade development, which

    can be the basis for the elaboration of some programs, strategies, principles of the organization and

    realization of the countrys foreign economic policy. The authors suggestions may be used by

    educational establishments in the process of the personnel training in the field of foreign economic

    relations.

    The scientific results of the research have been presented and approved at international

    conferences and they have been published in 30 scientific works, among them one monograph and 14

    articles in scientific journals.

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    6

    LISTA ABREVIERILORAELS - Asociaia European a Liberului Schimb

    ALSAC Acordul de Liber Schimb i Cuprinztor

    APC - Acordul de Parteneriat i Cooperare

    ONU Organizaia Naiunilor UniteECOSOC Consiliul Economic i Social al ONU

    AEE Afacerile economice externe

    AM Academia de tiine a Moldovei

    BIRD Banca Internaional pentru Reconstrucii i Dezvoltare

    BM Banca Mondial

    AID Asociaia Internaional pentru Dezvoltare

    AMIG Agenia Multilateral pentru Garantarea Investiiilor

    FMI Fondul Monetar Internaional

    UE Uniunea EuropeanPEV Politici Europene de Vecintate

    OMC Organizaia Mondial a Comerului

    UNCTAD Conferina Naiunilor Unite pentru Comeri Dezvoltare

    BERD Banca European pentru Reconstrucii i Dezvoltare

    CIF Corporaia Internaional Financiar

    CIP transportul, asigurare achitate

    FOB liber la bort

    BNM Banca Naional a Moldovei

    BNS Biroul Naional de StatisticCNCMF Clauza Naiunii Celei Mai Favorizate

    CSI Comunitatea Statelor Independente

    ECE Europa Centrali de Est

    GATT Acordul General pentru Tarife i Comer

    GATS Acordul General pentru Comer cu Servicii

    ISD Investiii Strine Directe

    MIEPO Organizaia de Atragere a Investiiilori Promovare a Exportului din Moldova

    NAFTA Acordul Nord-American de Liber-Schimb

    BRIC Brazilia, Rusia, India i ChinaOCDE Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare Economic

    OIM Organizaia Internaional a Migraiei

    SA Sistem