I. CADRU CONCEPTUAL

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  • ANTROPOLOGIA POLITICILOR IDENTITARE NAIONALISTE Cluj: EFES, 1997

    - fragmente -

    CUPRINS Prefa Dimensiuni profesionale i personale 1. ntrebri iniiale 2. Despre tem i abordarea ei 3. Scrisul: mijloc de auto-identificare 4. Formarea reperelor conceptuale 5. Mulumiri Note I. Cadru conceptual. Antropologia cultural i critica cultural a politicii identitare naionaliste 1. Perspectiva antropologic n schimbare 1.1. Antropologia cultural: produs al modernitii 1.2. Spre depirea culturalismului 1.3. Analiza societii proprii: dilemele unei antropologii critice 1.4. Redimensionarea postmodern a antropologiei 1.5. Antropologia cultural: form a cercetrii culturale critice Note 2. Dimensiunea cultural a politicii identitare 2.1. Abordarea cultural (simbolic) n antropologia politic 2.2. Rolul dimensiunii culturale n constituirea politicului 2.3. Politica identitii i identitatea cultural ca proces de identificare 2.4. Tehnicile simbolice ale construciei identitare politizate i analiza lor cultural empiric Note 3. Politizarea identificrii etnice i naionale 3.1. Etnicitatea ca proces social i politica etnicitii 3.2. Producia cultural naionalist i construirea identitii naionale 3.3. Etno-naionalismul i fundamentalismul cultural 3.4. Spre critica cultural a naionalismului Note

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  • II. Studiu de caz. Modele i strategii ale politizrii identitii n relaiile romno-maghiare 1. Reperele metodologice ale studiului de caz 1.1. Studiul de caz - ntre privirea "emic" i "etic" 1.2. Regndirea metodei observaiei participative 1.3. Repere autobiografice Note 2. Genealogia categoriilor culturale ale identificrii naionale 2.1. Politici identitare i politica locului n Transilvania 2.2."Dominani", "non-dominani", i cutarea esenei naionale 2.3. Reprezentri (auto-) critice ale elitelor politice Note 3. Universitatea din Cluj - spaiu al politicilor identitare 3.1. Politizarea universitii din Cluj. Prezentul n context istoric 3.2. Locuri, evenimente, personaje n actualitate 3.3. Negocierea multiculturalismului: dezbaterea identitar de la sfritul anilor 1990? Note n loc de ncheiere. Spre o antropologie cultural autoreflexiv 1. Analiza naionalismului sau participare la negocierea dintre politicile identitare? 2. Consolidarea disciplinei sau auto-poziionare individual? Note Bibliografie Abstract sszefoglal Contents Tartalomjegyzk

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  • TARTALOMJEGYZK

    Elsz. Szemlyes s szakmai dimenzik 1. Bevezet krdsek 2. A tmrl s a megkzeltsrl 3. Az rs mint az nazonosts mdja 4. A fogalmi keret alakulsa 5. Ksznetek Jegyzetek I. Fogalmi keret. A kulturlis antropolgia s a nacionalista identitspolitika kulturlis kritikja 1. A vltoz antropolgiai szemllet 1.1. A kulturlis antropolgia mint a modernits termke 1.2. A megjult kultrakutats s a kulturalizmus korltai 1.3. A sajt trsadalom elemzse - egy kritikai antropolgia dilemmi 1.4. A kulturlis antropolgia posztmodern talaktsa 1.5. A kulturlis antropolgia: a kritikai kultrakutats formja Jegyzetek 2. Az identitspolitika kulturlis dimenzija 2.1. A kulturlis (szimbolikus) megkzelts a politikai antropolgiban 2.2. A kulturlis dimenzi szerepe a politikum ltrehozatalban 2.3. Identitspolitika s a kulturlis identits mint identifikcis folyamat 2.4. Az identits tpolitizlt felptsnek szimbolikus techniki s empirikus kulturlis elemzsk Jegyzetek 3. Az etnikai s nemzeti identits tpolitizlsa 3.1. Az etnicits mint trsadalmi folyamat s az etnicits politikja 3.2. A nacionalista kulturlis termels s a nemzeti identits felptse 3.3. Etno-nacionalizmus s kulturlis fundamentalizmus 3.4. A nacionalizmus kulturlis kritikja fel Jegyzetek II. Esettanulmny Az identits tpolitizlsnak modelljei s stratgii a romn-magyar kapcsolatokban 1. Mdszertani keret 1.1. Az esettanulmny - az mikus s tikus rlts kztt 1.2. A rsztvev megfigyels mdszernek jragondolsa 1.3. nletrajzi feljegyzsek

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  • Jegyzetek 2. A nemzeti identifikci kulturlis kategrii 2.1. Identitspolitikk s a hely politikja Erdlyben 2.2. Dominnsak, non-dominnsak, s a nemzeti lnyeg keresse 2.3. A politikai elitek (n)-kritikus reprezentcii Jegyzetek 3. A kolozsvri egyetem - identitspolitikk terepe 3.1. A kolozsvri egyetem politizltsga. A jelenrl - trtneti kontextusban 3.2. Helyek, esemnyek, emberek - a mai esemnyek sodrban 3.3. A multikulturalizmus feletti egyezkeds: az 1990-es vek vgnek identitsvitja? Jegyzetek Utsz helyett. Egy n-reflexv kulturlis antropolgia fel 1. A nacionalizmus elemzse vagy rszvtel a helyi identitspolitikk vitjban? 2. Egy j diszciplna ltrehozatala vagy szemlyes helyezkeds? Jegyzetek Bibliogrfia Abstract sszefoglal Contents Tartalomjegyzk

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  • CONTENTS Preface Professional and personal backgrounds 1. Introductory issues 2. On the topic and its approach 3. Writing: modality of self-identification 4. The formation of conceptual frame of reference 5. Acknowledgments Notes I. Conceptual framework. Cultural anthropology and the cultural critique of the nationalist politics of identity 1. The changing anthropological perspective 1.1. Cultural anthropology: product of modernity 1.2. The renewed cultural research and the limits of culturalism 1.3. The analysis of ones own society - dilemmas of a critical anthropology 1.4. The post-modern reshaping of cultural anthropology 1.5. Cultural anthropology: the form of critical cultural research Notes 2. The cultural dimension of the politics of identity 2.1. The cultural (symbolic) approach in political anthropology 2.2. The role of the cultural dimension in the constitution of politics 2.3. The politics of identity and cultural identity as process of identification 2.4. Symbolic techniques in the politicized construction of identity and their cultural empirical analysis Notes 3. The politicization of ethnic and national identity 3.1. Ethnicity as social process and the politics of ethnicity 3.2. The nationalist cultural production and the construction of national identity 3.3. Ethno-nationalism and cultural fundamentalism 3.4. Towards the cultural critique of nationalism Notes II. Case study. Models and strategies of the politicization of identity in the Romanian-Hungarian relationship 1. The methodological frame of reference 1.1. The case study - between emics and etics 1.2. Revisiting the method of participant observation

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  • 1.3. Auto-biographical notes Notes 2. The cultural categories of the national identification 2.1. Politics of identity and politics of place in Transylvania 2.2. "Dominants", "non-dominants", and the search for national essence" 2.3. The (self) - critical representation of political elites Notes 3. The University of Cluj - terrain of the politics of identity 3.1. The politicization of the university of Cluj. The present in a historical context 3.2. Places, events, social actors of the moment 3.3. The negotiation of multiculturalism: the identity debate at the end of the 1990s? Notes Final remarks. Towards a self-reflexive cultural anthropology 1. The analysis of nationalism or participation in the debates of the local politics of identity? 2. Establishing a new discipline or individual self-positioning? Notes Bibliography Abstract sszefoglal Contents Tartalomjegyzk

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  • PREFA

    DIMENSIUNI PROFESIONALE I PERSONALE

    ===============================================================

    Ce se analizeaz? Cum? Cnd? Unde? De ctre cine? De ce? ... Iat cteva ntrebri

    ce aparin unei epistemologii sociale, care - conform convingerii noii antropologii

    experimentale - trebuie s vizeze nu numai aspectele generale ale condiiilor,

    posibilitilor, limitelor analizei, ci - poate nainte de toate - i localizarea celui/ celei

    care efectueaz investigaia respectiv: adic identificarea dimensiunilor sale

    personale, sociale i profesionale, precum i explicitarea ntlnirilor lui/ ei cu tema

    studiat. Acestea din urm sunt de fapt aspectele etice i micro-politice ale cercetrii

    antropologice, deloc neglijabile - mai ales - n cazul cercetrii societii proprii, i, n

    special, a unor teme considerate aici a fi "sensibile", i, oricum, mult prea mult

    politizate de-a lungul secolului nostru, cum ar fi cea a politicii identitare naionaliste.

    =============================================================== 1. NTREBRI INIIALE

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  • De unde i cum poate s porneasc un antropolog/ o antropoloag "autodidact ()" - cu formarea sa de baz n filosofie -, ntr-o aventur academic, care vizeaz att contribuia la instituionalizarea antropologiei culturale n Romnia, ct i efectuarea unor cercetri empirice, i, prin mijlocirea acestora, localizarea propriilor lucrri pe piaa produciei antropologice mondiale? n ce msur i cum trebuie s circumscrie cadrele conceptuale ale perspectivei cercetrii - desigur, aa cum o nelege el/ ea -, avnd n vedere pe de o parte faptul c pe plan mondial - n spe n spaiul su "original" Occidental - ea cunoate o (nou) "criz" identitar, i - pe de alt parte - faptul c n societatea proprie aceasta nc nu i-a consolidat poziia academic, nu i-a gsit locul mai ales n raport cu etnografia tradiional, dar nici cu celelalte tiine sociale crezute mai "solide" la aceast or? Cum poate s contribuie la "inventarea" unui limbaj antropologic nativ, fiind prins/ prins ntre bogia literaturii de specialitate occidentale, i ntre specificul empiricului realitii Est-Europene? Privit din perspectiva politicii academice, este sau nu "diplomatic" alegerea unei teme cum ar fi cea a politicii identitii naionale i etnice,