Fitotehnie Vol. I

download Fitotehnie Vol. I

of 61

  • date post

    27-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    193
  • download

    30

Embed Size (px)

description

..................

Transcript of Fitotehnie Vol. I

  • IECEREALE 5r LEGUMTNOASE PENTRU BOABE

  • II0Z.ltsarnJngYUVrrSrrf,ArNn Yunrr(Ix

    oqsoq n4uod esBouFun8aT Is eIBaraJ

    I'IOA

    flINHflIOIIf,

    YgNUgS n4sp^olos

    NYSUId INBd

    uYuontrIIr^BONVf,gIs utrBWngou ropoal

    (rolBuoproor)NW{OU tr!}uolB^ aqSrooq3

    f,INIXV IBqII{I

    YlIYgvI nIraFA

    olocuBVeir

    purcpalt{ * 'L deJ

    lS alocuSv

    :(z i v 'de:

    rB elocuAv

    eelelFc?c 1

    'r'n'de)-eurcpowd'2 9) 9 dea16 alocu8v

    :It'z'az'1elulps ep i

    pzeeNpe elec4llue Jol

  • Referent StiiDlific:Prof.univ.dr,doc.st Gheorshe BILTEANU

    Membru titular al Academiei de $tiinle Agdcol ti Silvice

    Tehnoredactare: Ameluta Vi$anCoperla: Angelica Miliiescu

    Manudin institutiprofil in in,domeniilorlspcialiftil(biologie, ecRomania.

    Acestamploare fluniversitareeditate de PNicolae Semanualele {ConstantinBamaue (lSorin Munk200r,2003,

    Plant{(creale; letrddtcinoasedin suprafacultivate peoamenilor gprime pentrumane.

    tn reotehnologicepoluant asTehnologiilfi ecologia.al soiurilora energiei s(utile, constrAu fost avu

    Coplright O 201 IEditura UniversitadDirector: Vasile MuscaluB-dul. N. Balcescu nr.27-33,Sector I , BucurestiTel.,fax: 02i 315.32.47 / 319.67.27\Mrw.editumunivemitara.ro-mail i redactia@editumuive$itara.ro

    EDITURA RECUNOSCUTA DE CONSILIUL NATIONAL AL CERCETARIIgTlNTrFrcE DIN INVATAMANTUL supERIoR (c.N.c.s.r.s.)Dscrierea CIP ! Bibliotcii Nalionale r Romanieitritotehnie / Gheorghe Valentin Rornan (coord.), Valeriu Tabdr5,

    Gavrili Morar, ... - Bucure$ti i Editura Universitard, 201l-

    rsBN 978-606-59 I -276-2Vol. l. : Creale $i leguninoase pentru boabe, - 2011.

    Bibliosr. - ISBN 978-606,591-277-9

    L Roman, Gheorghe Valentin (coord.)II. Tabare, ValeriuIII. Morar, Cavrile

    6 3 1

    O Toale drcpturile asupra acestej lucrtri sunt rezrvat Edituii Universitare

    Distiibutie: teyfax: (021) 315.32.47(02t) 3t9.67.27comenzi@editurauniversitara.ro

    ISBN 978-606-591-277-9

  • I8

    'Ielled u! g]eosqjsep es nes .undldns es ele lerl_led .ecelBoep'ezeJ elsocB lcr4s el[ullop e ep lrcutp eNe 'glnSet ec .roluld srSolorqu! aruelur rJgcgrpou ep ol4osul lrms eJer ti rolelueld p louelxe lnFedseul elr4q[rrqJs uud rsormce.r es eJec

    'rrl3al oual (11po$) azDl e]id.r & rl]cLdcoJl n-eJ8 ep eleluBld

    'elplunletrr el pugd rS e.reuluu8 l ep le^_retur lsec?q (eIz 06Z

    -

    0rZ) :unl 6 ecrrc .p4seou erel urp elr4ryuor u! .gzBemp

    q.rureol op rnlngJ8 erlEeSe^ ep epeouad .ac13o1o1q lpl1to1nc1yo7

    or18o1ora euoT'allslo8o^ op rrropsJ nr !$rtor !a arlaololq dF{rElncllEd't.Z.Z

    .urAotderor?c BoJeSrcrucul urp elunros elrlcnpord o%02 - 9l nJ lspdep lod Euqrqqsoc? 'elqero^eJ lllpuor q tnlnuelod tdpqrge; e elolEme$eJ aueari gcqeruseldolc alelt1ue1sorlue ap pzeq ed plercreuroc !.te s el Esnpord'nVrB ep gppqlq llugurps elettl eiqlnc ul psnpoqur 6og e ( e'S 'er81eg'iueJJ) n-eJ? ep eJote^rtlnc u_el eleun uJ ,uuecop gnop elelllrlln ul

    '(ezeru{ unros-

    usl8s rS Euoly) e.re^euud ep rS (zeru.lJ los - JaJaN :.sen?un ros-

    luorElul^l ^tr 1 :qcseeugulor e{Berc ep -

    rnpu9d rS utnrnpoC) Ruutotip unros p.rnllnJ ul plsrxr,,rurunp., ln-pl rulurd.luJJnpEd qJseu."utoJorieeJc ap Inros lepueuocor else pJe^eurud op unuoa InpJB rulued

    '('I Z qet) rolellocer e elellllqqs .roleqeoqe EcrSoJouqel ra p^4r4nu eleole,\'rloq ra gleces ,e&urer ,JeS ,eJeppce1 piuelszer

    'eveqoq euol 0t - 6 EI pugd ep erlcnpord ap pduelodun-4urJd pzazuapJec es untos elsacv

    .tl6eu-eruoJ elrrnlos puguruopeJdVls\ u!'ufiubdsorqttua :lie^]6ry^ udlede eleo e[uoJ epuudncIer.go 1nSole1ec urp unuoc n-el8 op unros ep lntuouluos

    .I,,rtrs,'tunctuolod .u'utrptS.tkl tJ

    'un tp ,tJ w^ord. elec ulp '(Ellalrlos tIIp eued o r$ Brdorlg) lsg ep BruIVlnJlu.) :t^aaqdotuu ,u tA utrrltqtn) J

    'unp.8.rhl u 'wrJnp 'q ,D ads'rJ'wtlJtorlp 'rJ'an)tocouout rJ ,otlJoa .dsqns rS a,/r81rd .dsqns'wtl lJsao rJ ur^o.rd oIec urp,(erueuDlJnl urp rdunru ,elzecrccsuEll ,ueJJ'rJll^l rorsv lruouelur) ueueJettpow rnlnurzeg plse td letdordy p1ueu6llJ.JlrreJ

    '.wfiDocoraDqds A tunlcDdaot ,afiZln| .dsqls rra'tunaljsaDanrtLrJ Er.eds our^oJd 'lEc urp

    ,(uelstloqzn ,ueNHllpel ,uBlstuegJv'NeA-proN op erpuJ ?urqJ) qlelluoC ersv InIuel :(1661 ,nuBotllg.q0Ednp) eurSuo ep a4uec ru]Ed ngr8 n-4ued lecgquept e ^olr^e^.N '.eles

    rolrlpnts rS eJgdurqi rolrrirpadxo Buun q 'lnvg8 oaargyo

    rod lncele ndocu!000t-000tepsoleluuadocseP

    'csoug!! $nI'(untasao urcw e1'ea (aDJoraIunf u!) ginllnc ulguloJ etuud olso (,'C pdnp) etuepuodsluud

    'eelsoc! lel '(rS (urn4toaoq dsqtnc pdecul e (n1n3l

    'e a 'domg 'Vfurp eued oceJ eJPc

    'l'dsqns utltn$ao I

    emtlncu8e eP rS 1[/ur ePu4xe e 0p pqIlu euoduoo Eendoloce rqesoopt{

    'llUeZOJd BOmd Je 1elelueu8lel IS 10,elrlrpuoc ul eulq ^!lu! lrJods p elleds lrplrsecou nu orea 1tepod Joluollcnporulued lt^l4od .N'errolord aloiu4sqrFurs9ur s'Moleleugur-eJ Inqoq leler''I pdnp) q/6I 09tlnp.rou

    'ercml u! I'erle^[g $ Je uffIpurg

    'lmllnc u[ lleNg uanl8 u! {Pjedomg u! tqosoepl(,,Elleds,, ln-e$) ('I

  • Zonarea soilrilor de greu de toanni in Rominia (2011)

    sudullSrii, irigatBoena I, Crina, Dor F, Drcpia, Fau. r. Closa, Cruia. lzvo.. Alex,Ciprian, Lovin 34. RonulDs Lv, Kuskun Seri.a, Rercsansa, c.K.Cipo,G.K.C6bi, O.K-Elet, G.K.Orhalom. Kralie!ica. ADacr!

    Sudul lirii,Boena 1. Crina, Dor F, Dropia Closa, Iaor. Alex, Lovrin 34, RomulusLV. Klskun Serira, G.K. Elet. C.K.Miska, c.K.Pdma c.K.Perur, Mv

    Briana. $imnic 30, Crina, Dor F, Dropia. Closa, ctui4 taor. Ciprian.Lovrin 34, PKB Krktina, Kralievica. Renesansa

    Albor . , . I r i \a l ( . Dor f . Clo,a. ( ' ,u ia Ca)dnd. AprcheAlex, Cipdan, Lovrin 14, Ronulus LV, Crigana, Briana. Dor F, Faur F,Glosa. Kuskun Serina, PKB K.kriDa, C.K.Cipo. C.K.tlet, c.K.C6b6,G.K.Kalaiz. C.K.Misk4 G.K.Olhalom, c.K.Peru.. Mv Magvas, MvPalma, Kraljevica, Apache, Cezanne, Enesco, ltenan. Rencsansa, BercyCritana, Arie$an. Ciprian, Dor F, closa Sliana Pl, Apache, CezanneApullum, A.dcal l, Ariegan, Tmnsilvania, Turda 95, Turda 2000.Crigda. Dor f. D.obeta, DumbGla, Delabnd 2, Faur F, closa,Esenlial. Eliana Pl, casparom. lari 2, Suceava 84, Voronel, KDskun,Serin4 C.K.Cipo, C-K.Elet, C.K.Kalasz, c.K.Mkka. C.K.?eiu., MvMagvas, Mv Palma, Apacbe, Cezme, Enesco. Renan, Bercy, BeliP IGabriela, Moldova 83, Elima PI, Dclabrad 2, lati2, A.deal l, Turda 95,Boema l. Dor F. Dropia, Faur F. laor, Closa, Crui4 C.K.Elet, MvMasvas. Mv Palma. EnescoAniversa.. Elima Pl, Esential, (iabricl4 Catparom, la$i 2. Motdova 81.Suceala 8,1, Voronet, Ariesan, Delabnd 2, Drobcta, Dunbnvr.Critda, Turda 95, Tuda 2000. Faur F, Kuskun Ssrina. C.K-Cipo,G.K.Elet G.K.Kalasz, C-K.Pelur. Mv Palma, Apache. Ceanre, Enesco!Bercy. BetiPl

    Tdelul2.l4 Mai nou, ataapreciat ca aceashprecisa 9i au ProPfiziologice cele macultivare a graului !exactA a stadiului dpentru stabilirea cua tratamentelor de I

    Ca urmareelaborarea unor s(Prima scara de coumatS de ca reaschimbtuilor morf(multe modificdn,Large, 1964; K -U

    Ulterior alKeller 9i Baggioltzecimal), iar Tottpentru alte cerealetendinta de generdezvoltara Plantecare sunt divizate,

    Trecerea 1generativa este mscara Jonard, GZadocks ti BBCIgraului "spic la I Ipartea superioarAEste stadiul denu(de la Universitat(

    Cunoa$terpotrivit Pentru (acestora este utilial plantelor, in cai

    Mai existi in cuhura soiurile: Aximut, BC Renata, lelix, Ilinca. Litera, Mv Kolo, MvMarsall, Mv Regirncnt, Mv Toborzo, PKB Rodika, PKB Roxanda" pKB Viz_elika,Pobda, gimnic 50, Zinbru, Cato, Joseph.

    in general, este acceptati impd4irea perioadei de vegetatie aplantelor de grAu in urmitoarele laze fenologice.. germinare,inrdddcinare, infrdyire, formarea (alu.ngirea) paiului, ihtpicare-inflorire-fecundare, formarea Si coacerea (maturarea) boabelor. La rindul lor,fazele prezentate se gupeazein etapa (peioada) vegetativd, caraateizatip n dezvoltarea organelor vegetative ale plantelor (de la germinare lainft'lte) $t etapa generddvd (reproductivA) caracterizate prin dezvoltareainflorescenfei, a florilor qi formarea boabelor (de la inceputul alungiriipaiului $i pand la coacerea deplind).

    82

  • t8

    'nrp5u ep ruolcej el olrqrsues Ieu luns eelsere eJc uJ tololuEld Ie

    AIleleBeA lnlclc utp eirluJ tolrrpels eocagtluopr nluod glrln else EJolsecBeele^Jesqo

    '9tepoloJ ..c6olouqal rdue^lolw eluoJrp n_4ued lr^l4od

    Inlueuou eprcop ? n_qued glqn e$e tuelaeJc rolllpels Eerelseor.mJ.(4tN urp pc^ols plo l8v eetelsjo^run l ep)

    uopleds Ilrug luoseJord eJlEc ep ,,fell^ ep pund,, tllunuep Inpls elsA10661

    'routlos ae^dnp'L'Z Bg) (erelserc ep rnFuo. B p&ouodns eeuedBI pu,ed rS .Ii9+ul ep rnlnpou Fle^ru el ep lernspur) ,,urc I el crds,, lnlnpl8Golofq ep eluFcnl u! trwnuop elso nrpBls lsocv

    .HJg{ !! slpopDzall,lpJs ad 0t

    -

    6Z tA tuuotSSog -

    ralpx DrDos ad H - D .prouof DrD)t

    ad g -

    V'sapad orDcs ad C -

    , elunpoc uud ElecJrll else e^qJeuo8dBte el ,e^qete8e^ edelo Bl ep ngl8 ep roletuEld eeJace{

    .upe$otctru ul .roJ lnpugl el ,elszt^rp luns eJecrrpe$or.eru nes

    'eldtcuud upsls 6 uJ gl!!9dur! alse Jolelusld eeretlo^zopeJBc ul

    '(0l z .qe, HJsg epur.ez rrrgcs e aJezrlereLreB ep piulpuolPlsrxe luszerd uI InzBAo nes InzJo luns runc

    .osBorgd 5leJea ollp ruluedo-letdepe e r( eJeJs ptsDJJe lelJldu.loJ e {lg6l) uDruUol lel .(LeuItJr,,urolsrs un pdnp) lezuo) rS SueqC ,$lcopBz nes .ruolor88pg r* lollo)e4-e5 ep lelriunuqule rcur uEcurpoc 5l[ucolu! lsoJ ne ]ouellrl

    .(9161 .pue1.{eg .n-') :tg6t ,'AlrJ-I'D g) rtsruqolotu rS o1orq rrun o4pc op elenlcoJe ,upcgrpoul allnruretu lueJns ne upcs elsgce :ngJB ep ralueld ep ecr8oloJJoru JolrJpqurqase Jouolxe el ee&Nesqo od opzeq ,saleeJ ep glezrledr eec ep gFutmlsoJ e eJer

    '(9 2 3U) pJeuol e