Dictionar roman-englez, englez-roman - cdn4. roman-englez, englez...¢  Usta abrevierilor...

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Transcript of Dictionar roman-englez, englez-roman - cdn4. roman-englez, englez...¢  Usta abrevierilor...

  • Yi l$s

    Profesor LAURA-VERONICA C OTOAGA

    DICTIONAR) ROi\IAN - ENGLEZ ENGI-EZ - ROI\{AN

    Editura ASTRO

  • LZOU 574 de filmat. 2. vt a miri/micaora h scari. zormds [zaundz] intej. sd da naiba!

    CUPRINS

    Moddefolosire . :'.. .......'3 Listaabrevierilor ....... '4 Verbele neregulate din limba englez[ . . 5

    Pluralul qi femininul substantivelor . . . .8

    Diclionarroman-englez ......9 Diclionarenglez-roman ....'285

    z [zid litera z. zeif th:tl

    ". r"L A*n; fanatism.

    zealot [rzelet] s. frnatic. zealotry ['zeletri] .r. fanatism. zealow [rzeles] a$. zelos. zebra ['zirbraf s. zool. zebri. zenith [rzeni0] s. zenit. zephir [rzefa] s. zefir. zero [fzisrou) num, card., s.zero; (frrc degrees belor-) cinci grade snb zero; (five degrees rynn ) cinci grade peste zero. zest [zest] s. despir$turi int+ rioari la fructe citrice; coaja fructelor citrice; gust, savoare. tiglagfbigzegl c, r4i rig i!. zinc [ziqk] s. chim. zinc. fp [rip] s. guierituri; .fg. hotirire, r6vni. zipper [rzips] s. fermoar. zodiac ['zqudiak] s. zodiac; (- wh eel barta semn elor zodiacului. zone [zoun] l. s. z@ circrunfer- inF; periferia unui teren/spagiu; cingitoare, briu. 2. lt, a inhnge cu un briu. zoo [a{ c gridinn zoologici. zoological [,zoerlcdgikll ,41. zoologic. zoologist {zo.'cledgist] s. zoolog. zoologr [[zo]cledgi]l s. zoologie. zoom [zu:m] L s. biziit; (depre a@ clipocit; (desry uinfl ilet;(- lens) obiectiv reglabil la aparatul fotografic sau la camera

  • Usta abrevierilor

    I. Abrevieri gramaticale

    a$. adjectiv. adv. adverb, art. ar:ucol. card. cardinal. cary. conjunclie. derz. demonstrativ. hot.hotdrilt. imperc. impersonal. intej. interjec1ie. interog. interogativ. nehot. nehotirdt. orrl. ordinal. pers. personal. p/. plural. prep, prepozige.

    Prol. Pronume. s. substantiv.

    .r'f subs tantiv feminin. sm. substantiv masculin. srz. substantiv neutru. zlverb intranzitiv. ur, verb reflexiv. rrr. verb tranzitiv.

    II. Celelalte abrevieri

    anat. anatomie. aprox. aproximativ. arhit arhitectnrd.. aslr. astronomie. bot.botanicd. chim. chimie, co,rz. comercial. ecoz. economie. fiy. figurat. fr2. frzicd,. grqg geogra{ie, gram. gramaticd,. nrf informatici. isf. istorie.

    7'ur. juridic. mar. marinl.. mat. matematic6,. med. medicind,. mil. militar. rzr7. mitologie. mtn. mass media. nuz. muzicd, pol. politj.c5,. rel religie. tehn. tehnici. zool. zoolo$e. sp or t. domeniul sportiv.

    PRIN CIPALELE VERBE NEREGULATE DIN LIMBA ENGI.EZA

    ld bend bereave

    beseech

    beset

    bid

    cast

    catch

    bite bleed bless

    blow break breed btitg broadcast build burn

    abode arose

    awoke

    WAS

    bore beat became

    befell begot began

    beheld bent bereaved,

    bereft besought beset

    bade bound bit bled blest blew broke bred brought broadcast built burnt, burned burst bought could cast

    caught

    burst buy can

    abode arisen

    awaken

    been borne beaten become befallen begotten begun beheld bent bereaved,

    bereft besought beset

    bidden bound bitten bled blest blown broken bred brought broadcast built burnt, burned burst bought could cast

    caught

    choose chose cleave cleft,

    clove

    cling chrng clothe clotheci,

    clad come came cost cost creeP crept crow crowed cut cut deal dealt die died dig dr"rg do did draw drew dream dreamt,

    dreamed drink drank drive drove dwell dwelt eat ate fall fell feed fed feel felt fight fought find found flee fled flirg flung fly flew forbear forbore forbid forbade, forget forgot forgive forgave forsake forsook

    chosen

    cleft, cloven clnng clothed, clad come cost

    crept crowed cut dealt died dug done drawn dreamt, dreamed ctmnk driven dwelt eaten

    fallen fed felt fought found fled flung flown forborne forbidden forgotten forgiven forsaken

  • freeze froze frozen geld gelded, gelded,

    gelt gelt get got gor gu" Save given gnaw gnarved gnawn go went gone $:lnd ground ground Srp $rpped, gripped,

    gript gript sow srew grown h*g hung hung have had had hear heard heard hew hewed hewn hide hid hidden,

    hid hit hit hit hold held held hurt hurt hurt keep kept kept kneel knelt, knelt,

    kneeled kneeled knit knitted, knitted,

    knit knit knerv knou,n laid laid led led Ieaned, leaned, leant leant learned, learned, learnt learnt left left lent lent let let lay lain lighted, lighted,

    learn

    know luy lead lean

    leave

    lend let lie light

    lir lit

    lose make may mean meet melt mow must

    Iost lost made made might meant meant met met melted melted mowed mown must must

    overbear overbore overborne owe

    pay

    Pen

    prove

    Put read rend rid ride ring rise run saw

    say

    see

    seek

    sell send

    sew

    shake

    shall shear

    shed

    shine shoe

    shoot show

    orved owed paid paid penned, penned, pent pent proved proven Put put read read rent rent rid rid rode ridden rang rung rose risen ran n"rn sarved sawn said said SA\,V SCCN sought sought sold sold sent sent sewed sewn shook shaken should should sheared shorn shed shed shone shone shod shod shot shot showed shown

    7

    shred shrink shut

    sing

    sink

    sit slay

    sleep

    slide sling slink slit smell smite

    sow

    speak

    speed

    spell

    shred shred shrank shr-unk shut shut sang slrng sank sunk

    spend

    spill

    spin spit split spoil

    sat

    slew

    slept slid slung slunk slit

    sat

    slain slept slid slung slunk slit

    smelt smelt smote smitten sowed sown spoke spoken sped sped spelt, spelt, spelled spelled spent sPent spilt, spilt, spillect spilled sPun spun spat spat split split spoilt spoilt spoiled spoiled

    spread spread spread spring sprang sPrung stand

    steal

    stick

    stood stood stole stolen str.rck stuck stung stung stank, stunk stunk strewed strewn strode stridden struck stnrck

    sting stink

    stre\,v

    stride strike

    sweeP swept swept

    stmng strung strove striven $vore s\{orn sweated, sweated, sweat sweat

    swelled srvollen s\{am s\{,tim

    string strive swear

    sweat

    take teach tear

    swell swim

    tell think

    swmg sw.l'lng swung took taken taught taught tore torn

    telecast telecast telecast told told thought thought

    thrive thrived throve, thrived

    threw thrown thrust thmst trod trodden rvoke woken vfore \{orn wove \\roven wed wed wept wept $/et wet won wol] wound wottnd worked worked wrung \lrung \\jrote u,ritten

    throw thrust tread wake

    wear weave

    wed weeP

    wet win wind work r*irg write

    Noti: In fala verbelor condifonale can, may gi must nr.r se folosegte particula ,,to".

  • q

    Pluralul qi femininul substantivelor

    substantivele primesc la plural ,n s, cll exceplia celor care se ter- mini in ch, s, ss, sh, x, gi q care primesc la plural particula es. (ex: box, boxes; potato, potatoes). Cele care se termini in 7 primesc la plural rir in locul l,i7 (ex: cherry, cherries). cele care se termini in ^rqi /e, ilschimbi pe acesta in ves,la plural. (ex: knife, knives)

    Existi substantive neregulate la formarea pluralului. pluralul celor mai multe dintre ele a fost imprumutat odati cu forma singularf, din alte limbi, in special cele gtiinlifice care provin clin limbile laiini gi greaci. Ex: alga - algae; aq,arium - aq,aria; bacteri,m _ bacteria; bronchus - bronchi; burean - bureaux; carnivore - carnivora; cortex - cortices; costa - costae; cranium - crania; criterion - criteria; curriculum - curricula; diagnosis - diagnoses; erratum - errata; fauna _ faunae; focus - focuses; ftmgus - fungi; genus - genera; hippopotamus _ hip popotamuses; hlpothesis - hypotheses; index - inclexes; larwa _ larvae; nebula - nebulae; nucleus - nucletues; phenomenon - phenomena; polypus - polypi; quantum - quanra; radius - radii; sanatoiium _ sana_ toriums; species - species; spectrum - spectra; stadium - stadia; stimulus - stimr.rli; stratum - strata; syrnposium - symposia; terminru _ termini; vacuum - \racuma; vertebra - vertebrae; virtnoso _ virtuosi. _ Exemplificam in continuare formele neregulate de plural speci_ fice limbii engleze: child - children; cloth - clothes; cleer - deer; die _ dice; foot - feet; goose - geese; louse - lice; mouse - mice; ox _ oxen; sheep - sheep; tooth - teeth; woman - women. Cind c,vintr.rl brother qe referi la frali ai unui ordin religios, pluralul siu este brethren. cuvintele compuse dintr-un alt cuvant gi unul din substantivere de mai sus vor avea aceeaqi form[ de plural ca substantivul de la sfirgit. Ex: chairman - chairmen; madman - madmen; policeman - poliiemen; sportswoman - sporBwomen.

    Femininul unor substantive se formeazi prin adiugare de prefix: (cock-sparrow - hen-sparrow; he-goat - she-goat; man-servant _ maid- servant). Cele mai multe se formeazl cu ajutorul sufixului -ess, mai rar cn sulixele -ine, -ix. Ex: ad,lterer - achrlteress; emperor _ empress; sor- cerer - sorceress; hero - heroine; executor - executrix. Existi gi cazuri particulare: widower - widow.

    DICTIONAR

    ROI\,IAI{ -ENGLEZ

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