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Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti

Maria Murean (coordonator)

Procesul de integrare a Romniei n economia european Dimensiuni istorice i contemporane

Editura ASE Bucureti 2008

Procesul de integrare a Romniei n economia european Dimensiuni istorice i contemporane

Editura ASE Piaa Roman nr. 6, sector 1, Bucureti, Romnia cod 010374 www.ase.ro editura@ase.ro

Descrierea CIP a Bibliotecii Naionale a Romniei MUREAN, MARIA Procesul de integrare a Romniei n economia european : dimensiuni istorice i contemporane / Maria Murean. Bucureti : Editura ASE, 2008 ISBN 978-606-505-118-8 341.217(4) UE:33(498)

ISBN 978-606-505-118-8

Editura ASE Tehnoredactare: Mioara Gamulea Coperta: Livia Radu

INTRODUCEREPrezentul volum cuprinde rezultate ale cercetrilor din anul al treilea al derulrii grantului A_C 47/2006 CNCSIS cu tema Procesul de integrare a Romniei n economia european. Dimensiuni istorice i contemporane. Proiectul, iniiat de o echip de cadre didactice, doctoranzi i masteranzi de la Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti, a reunit echipe prestigioase de la Universitatea din Bucureti, Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iai, Universitatea tefan cel Mare din Suceava, Universitatea din Oradea i Institutul de Economie Mondial Costin Murgescu din Bucureti. Cercetarea s-a derulat pe parcursul a trei ani, respectiv 2006, 2007, 2008, a presupus numeroase ntruniri i dezbateri ale membrilor echipelor i, n afara prezentului volum, au fost publicate volumele: Experiene istorice de integrare economic european, Editura ASE, Bucureti, 2006, 322 pagini, ISBN(10)973-594-862-1, ISBN(13)978-973-594-862-7 i Economie, Instituii i Integrare european, Editura ASE, Bucureti, 2007, 578 pagini, ISBN 978-973594-954-9, coordonate de Maria Murean, precum i comunicrile susinute la Conferina internaional PROCESE DE INTEGRARE ECONOMIC EUROPEAN MODERN / International Conference PROCESSES OF MODERN ECONOMIC EUROPEAN INTEGRATION, BUCURETI, 19-20 septembrie 2008, Editura ASE, Bucureti, 2008, CD, ISBN 978-606-505-107-2. Conferina, organizat de ctre echipa de la Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti, s-a desfurat sub ndrumarea urmtorului comitet de organizare: prof.univ.dr. Maria Murean, Academia de Studii Economice Bucureti, director grant; prof.univ.dr.Bogdan Murgescu, Universitatea Bucureti, director echip; prof.univ.dr. Gheorghe Iacob, Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iai, director echip; prof.univ.dr. Gabriela Prelipcean, Universitatea tefan cel Mare din Suceava, director echip; prof.univ.dr. Mihai Drecin, Universitatea din Oradea, director echip; cercet.t. gr. I dr. Virginia Cmpean, Institutul de Economie Mondial Costin Murgescu, Bucureti, director echip.

Studiile cuprinse n prezentul volum pun n eviden procese i fenomene ale integrrii economiei romneti n economia european care s-au desfurat pe parcursul unei ndelungate perioade istorice. Privit n ansamblu, procesul complex al integrrii economiei romneti n economia european a mbrcat numeroase faete, a cunoscut momente de lentoare i accelerare, de continuitate i discontinuitate. Cu toate aceste sinuoziti, legate de nsui mersul istoriei poporului romn, dar i de mprejurri internaionale, economia romneasc a fost ntotdeauna o component a celei europene.

Director grant, Prof.univ.dr. Maria Murean Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti

INTRODUCTIONThe present volume contains the research results of the third year within the Grant A_C 47/2006 CNCSIS with the theme Romanias integration process in the European economy. Historical and contemporary dimensions. The project, initiated by a team of professors, PhD candidates and Master students from the Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest brought together prestigious teams from the University of Bucharest, the University Alexandru Ioan Cuza of Iai, the University tefan cel Mare of Suceava, the University of Oradea and the Institute of World Economy Costin Murgescu of Bucharest. The research unfolded along three years 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively, and included numerous meetings and debates of the team members, apart from the present one, the following volumes being published: Experiene istorice de integrare economic european, the ASE Publishing House, Bucharest, 2006, 322 pages, ISBN(10) 973-594-862-1, ISBN(13)978-973-594-862-7 and Economie, Instituii i Integrare european, the ASE Publishing House, Bucharest, 2007, 578 pages, ISBN 978-973-594-954-9, coordinated by Maria Murean, as well as the research papers presented at the International Conference PROCESSES OF MODERN ECONOMIC EUROPEAN INTEGRATION, BUCHAREST, 19-20 September 2008, the ASE Publishing House, Bucharest, 2008, CD, ISBN 978-606-505-107-2. The Conference, organized by the team from the Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest, took place under the supervision of the following organising committee: Professor Maria Murean, PhD, from the Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest, Grant manager; Professor Bogdan Murgescu, PhD, from the University of Bucharest, team manager; Professor Gheorghe Iacob, PhD, from the University Alexandru Ioan Cuza of Iai, team manager; Professor Gabriela Prelipcean, PhD, from the University tefan cel Mare of Suceava, team manager; Professor Mihai Drecin, PhD, from the University of Oradea, team manager; Scientific Researcher 1st degree Virginia Cmpean, PhD, from the Institute of World Economy Costin Murgescu of Bucharest, team manager.

The studies enclosed in the present volume focus on processes and phenomena characterizing the integration of the Romanian economy in the European economy, unfolding over a long historical period. On the whole, the process of the Romanian integration in the European economy was many-sided, with ups and downs, with moments of continuity as well as discontinuity. No matter how sinuous this road may have been, which is, ultimately, in accordance with the very history of the Romanian people as well as with the international circumstances, the Romanian economy has always been a component of the European one.

Grant manager, Professor Maria Murean, PhD The Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest

CUPRINS1. Lumea romneasc n economia european pn la 1859 .............................. 17 Prof. univ. dr. Bogdan Murgescu, Conf. univ. dr. Florentina Niu Universitatea din Bucureti 2. Modernizarea instituiilor economice n Romnia (1859-1938) ..................... 51 Lect. univ. dr. Andrei Josan Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti 3. Sistemul monetar al leului ............................................................................... 90 Prof. univ. dr. Corneliu Olaru Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti 4. Banca Naional a Romniei i sistemul de credit ntre realiti romneti i modele europene ................................................... 111 Dr. Brndua Costache, arhivist Banca Naional a Romniei 5. Petrolul n relaiile economice ale Romniei cu rile europene (1857-1947) .................................................................................................... 151 Conf. univ. dr. Mihai Irimiea Universitatea Petrol-Gaze Ploieti 6. Urbanizare i economie n Romnia, 1829-1914 ............................................ 183 Conf . univ. dr. Mihail Opriescu Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti Dr. Nicolae Dinu Banca Naional a Romniei 7. Calendarul portativ al funcionarilor de banc romni din Transilvania (1909, 1910) form de integrare n rndul funcionarilor bancari din Europa Central ..................................... 214 Prof. univ. dr. Mihai D. Drecin Universitatea din Oradea 8. Trguri din vestul Romniei n relaie cu Europa Central 1921-1924 ....................................................................................................... 224 Prof. univ. dr. Ion Zainea Universitatea din Oradea

9. Politici sociale n Romnia, secolele XIX i XX. Analiz istorico-economico-social ............................................................. 235 Prof. univ. dr. Mariana Ioviu Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti 10. Dimensiunea regional a procesului de integrare. Studiu de caz: Bucovina ............................................................................... 270 Lect. univ. dr. Liviu-George Maha Lect. univ. dr. Sorin-tefan Maha Asist. univ. Gabriel Donici Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza Iai 11. Economia romniei n anii socialismului. Un model de dezvoltare de tip extensiv ....................................................... 311 Prof. univ. dr. Maria Murean Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti Prof. univ. dr. Gabriela Prelipcean Universitatea tefan cel Mare Suceava 12. O integrare economic fr perspectiv. Poziia Romniei n cadrul Consiliului de Ajutor Economic Reciproc .................................... 349 Lect. univ. dr. Oana Mihaela Vsioiu Universitatea Ecologic din Bucureti 13. Industrializarea n Oradea 1945-1990. Studiu de caz ................................... 375 Lect. univ. dr. Gabriel Moisa Universitatea din Oradea 14. Dimensiuni ale economiei i societii romneti n tranziie ....................... 388 Prof. univ. dr. Emilian M. Dobrescu Universitatea Spiru Haret Bucureti 15. Orientri i tendine n relaiile externe ale Romniei dupa 1989 ................. 404 Prof. univ. dr. Mariana Nicolae Academia de Studii Economice din Bucureti Lect. univ. drd. Mariana Lupan Universitatea tefan cel Mare Suceava 16. Drumul Romniei spre Vest. Reducerea decalajelor economice fa de Uniunea European i alte state candidate n pregtirea aderrii la Uniunea European ................................................ 419 Cercet. t. pr. gr. I dr. Virginia Cmpeanu Institutul de Economie Mondial Costin Murgescu, Bucureti

17. Evoluia cadrului juridic i a schimburilor comerciale dintre Romnia i Uniunea European ......................................................... 450 Cercet. t. pr. gr. II dr. Cornel Albu Institutul de Economie Mondial Costin Murgescu, Bucureti 18. Determinani i ca