Angkor Thom, templul Baphuon

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The Baphuon is a temple located in Angkor Thom, northwest of the Bayon. Built in the mid-11th century, it is a three-tiered temple mountain built as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva. It is the archetype of the Baphuon style. The temple adjoins the southern enclosure of the royal palace and measures 120 metres east-west by 100 metres north-south at its base and stands 34 meters tall without its tower, which would have made it roughly 50 meters tall. Its appearance apparently impressed Emperor Chengzong of Yuan China's late 13th century envoy Chou Ta-Kuan during his visit from 1296 to 1297, who said it was 'the Tower of Bronze...a truly astonishing spectacle, with more than ten chambers at its base.' In the late 15th century, the Baphuon was converted to a Buddhist temple.

Transcript of Angkor Thom, templul Baphuon

  • 1. TEMPLUL BAPHUON

2. Este o reprezentare piramidal a miticului Munte Meru i marca centrul oraului existent nainte de a se construi Angkor Thom.Construcia a nceput probabil n timpul regelui Suryavarman I i a fost terminat n timpul domniei regelui Udayadityavarman (1049-1065) Templul Baphuon 3. Oosea lung de 172 metri duce la templul-munte, o piramid masiv cu cinci etaje. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Ba z inulMare alPalatuluiR egal m soar 125x45 metri i are o adncime de 5 metri 15. Palatul regal nefiind de natur religioas a fost construit din materiale perisabile... 16. 17. 18. Bombax (CeibaPentandra , arborele sf nt al maya ilor), nalt de pn la 70 de metri, face parte din familia Bombacacee iar fructele lui produc kapok (bumbac impermeabil). Are lemnul alb i moale i a fost numit de franceziFromagerde oarece din lemnul lui se fabricau cutiile de brnz Camembert. 19. Palatul Regal era nconjurat de unz idde laterit nalt de 5 metri (246x585 m) care delimita o suprafa de 14 hectare.n incinta Palatului se putea intra (doar pe jos) prin cincigopuradin gresie (pavilion de intrare, poart monumental) 20. Piramida de lateritPhimeanakaseste un mic templu cu baza de 35x28 metri, i o nlime total de 12m, avnd trei nivele.Legenda spune c n acest templu regele khmer se culca n fiecare noapte cu o femee care era rencarnarea unui arpe cu nou capete. 21. 22. 23. 24. Marele bazin al Palatului Regal 25. Poarta care duce spre Terasele Regale, singura situat la est,este cea mai important dintre cele cinci pori ale Palatului Regal 26. Terasa Elefanilor 27. 28. 29. Angkor Fotografii: Nicoleta Leu SandaFoioreanuPrezentare: Sanda Foioreanu Muzic: Michel Chevalier - Unchained melody